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Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks
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Promoting australia china relationship through geoparks

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  • 1. Promoting Australia-China Relationship through Geoparks Young Ng and Angus M Robinson Australian Earth Sciences Convention 9 July, 2014 All rights reserved: Young Ng and Angus M Robinson 2014
  • 2. Outline • Background • Importance of China to Australia • Australia-China Relationship • The Geopark Approach • Way Forward
  • 3. Background • China has a population of 1.35 billion • Australia’s population is 1.7% (225 m) of China • It is the largest export market of Australian products (AUD30 billion in Jan 2014, increased by nearly 7 times since 1971) 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 35000 1971 2014 (Jan) Australia's export to China (AUD in million) AUD in million 29,756 435 Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics 2014
  • 4. Australia’s Exports to China (% in total) 33% 28% 9% 5% 25% Manufactured goods & equip. (food, metal products, machinery & equip.) Iron & gold Oil & gas Agricultural products (wheat & wool) Others Manufactured goods & equip. (food, metal products, machinery & equip.) Oil & gas Agricultural products Others Iron ore and gold Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics 2014
  • 5. Australia’s Export Markets (% share) 27% 17% 7%6% 43% China Japan South Korea India EU+ others Japan EU & Others Largest Single Market: China Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics 2014
  • 6. Australia-China relationship • China is a huge export market for Australian products and services: mineral and energy resources, agricultural produces, tourism and education. • Australia has the advantage of geographical proximity over other competitors because of lower shipping cost, reliability and quality of supplies, and a shorter shipping time. • Maintaining a good Australia-China relationship is important to the long term benefits of Australia, the economic and political stability in the Asia-Pacific region.
  • 7. Chinese Tourists • China is Australia’s fastest growing inbound tourism market and the largest contributor to international visitor spending in Australia (A$5 billion in 2013), predicted to rise to A$13 billion by 2020. • Overall satisfaction of Chinese tourists in Australia is generally high • 77% cited natural attractions as the single best attraction of Australia • Building friendly relationships provides long term benefits to Australia, creating a peaceful & harmonious political environment in the Asia Pacific • Geoparks can be used as a means to maintain and improve these relationships through geotourism Sources: Hurun Report, January 2013; Tourism Australia, January 2014
  • 8. The Geopark Approach • Geopark relationships could be used as a tool to build closer ties between Australia and China • Geopark is an UNESCO supported initiative to promote geological conservation, geosciences and geotourism since 2004
  • 9. Currently the Global Geoparks Network has 100 members from 29 countries One of the requirements is to develop ties among parks for mutual promotion and regular exchanges of knowledge and experiences
  • 10. Map - Distribution of Chinese geoparks with global status Global Geoparks of China 2014 29 Global Geoparks in China
  • 11. Managing Geological Heritage in China • 29 Global Geoparks • 45 World Heritage Sites, of which 10 are natural heritage sites, and nine of these are accredited because of their outstanding geology and landscapes • Over 320 Provincial Geoparks, of which over 200 have already gained national status • 72 National Mining Parks preserving the relics and geological features of mines
  • 12. Establishing Ties Amongst Parks • Can be in form of ‘sister parks’, field study and training centres, joint research projects, management staff or guide exchange programmes • ‘Sister Park’ relationship can be a holistic approach to implement these joint projects Visited geoparks in Greece Indonesian delegation visited Chinese geopark
  • 13. Asia Pacific Geotourism Conference 2013 Asia Pacific Geoparks Network Symposium 2013 Tianzhushan Global Geopark, Visit 2012
  • 14. Tianzhushan Global Geopark, Anhui Province
  • 15. Immersed in the landscape & geology – Tianzhushan Global Geopark
  • 16. Immersed in the landscape & geology Tianzhushan Global Geopark
  • 17. Immersed in the landscape & geology – Tianzhushan Global Geopark The Coastal Waterways of the Hong Kong Global Geopark
  • 18. ‘Sisters’ of Chinese Geoparks 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 Sister parks in China Sister parks out of China No. of parks (Sources: data provided by each geopark in July 2014) 10 famous Chinese global geoparks are selected for study
  • 19. Number of Overseas Sister Parks Relationships 20% 30% 20% 30% 0 geopark 1 geopark 2 geoparks 3 geoparks • 70% of Chinese geoparks have 2 or less than 2 overseas sister parks • 20% of Chinese geoparks have no overseas sister parks
  • 20. • By 1 July 2014, there are 29 global parks in China • Current study – 10 global geoparks in China Results: All geoparks have set a target of 5 overseas sister parks • 100% of the geoparks are looking for 2 or more overseas ‘sister parks’ • 70% of the geoparks are looking for 3 or more ‘sister parks’ • 50% of the geoparks are looking for 4 or more ‘sister parks’ • 20% of the geoparks are looking for 5 or more ‘sister parks’ No. of overseas ‘sister parks’ No. of Chinese geoparks In % 0 2 20% 1 3 30% 2 2 20% 3 3 30% Total number of geoparks under study: 10
  • 21. Benefits and Challenges • Long term friendship and frequent exchanges of management, conservation and marketing experiences • Free, regular promotion in China • Challenges include cultural and language differences during communication and contacts, and a long-term commitment by both sides Yandangshan Global Geopark, Zhejiang Leiqiong Global Geopark, Hainan & Guangdong
  • 22. How to Get Connected? • Approach the geoparks directly • Attending geopark conferences e.g. Global Geoparks Network, Asia Pacific Geoparks Network, and geopark and geotourism conferences held in China • Assistance and advisings provided by the Geotourism Forum of Ecotourism Australia Ltd, Association for Geoconservation, Hong Kong, Geological Society of Australia etc Hexigten Global Geopark, Inner Mongolia
  • 23. Way Forward • Australia-China relationship is becoming more and more important with the increasing economic, social and cultural activities in the coming decades • Better relationship is important to the long term national benefits of both Australia and China as well as the Asia Pacific region • Geoscientists could play a significant role in strengthening such relationship through the geopark approach of establishing ‘sister’ relationship between parks
  • 24. Way Forward • Australia-China relationship is becoming more and more important with the increasing economic, social and cultural activities in the coming decades • Better relationship is important to the long term national benefits of both Australia and China as well as the Asia Pacific region • Geoscientists could play a significant role in strengthening such relationship through the geopark approach of establishing ‘sister’ relationship between parks
  • 25. Thank You! Contacts: Geotourism Forum of Ecotourism Australia Ltd Angus M Robinson angus@leisuresolution.com.au or Dr Young Ng young@rocks.org.hk All rights reserved: Young Ng and Angus M Robinson 2014

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