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Enhancing Earth Sciences in New South Wales, Australia, through Geotourism

Enhancing Earth Sciences in New South Wales, Australia, through Geotourism

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Gsnsw geotourism Gsnsw geotourism Presentation Transcript

  • ““““““““Geotourism - Enhancing AppreciationGeotourism - Enhancing AppreciationGeotourism - Enhancing AppreciationGeotourism - Enhancing AppreciationGeotourism - Enhancing AppreciationGeotourism - Enhancing AppreciationGeotourism - Enhancing AppreciationGeotourism - Enhancing Appreciationof Earth Sciences in New South Walesof Earth Sciences in New South Walesof Earth Sciences in New South Walesof Earth Sciences in New South Walesof Earth Sciences in New South Walesof Earth Sciences in New South Walesof Earth Sciences in New South Walesof Earth Sciences in New South Wales””””””””GSNSW, Maitland, 16GSNSW, Maitland, 16GSNSW, Maitland, 16GSNSW, Maitland, 16GSNSW, Maitland, 16GSNSW, Maitland, 16GSNSW, Maitland, 16GSNSW, Maitland, 16thththththththth May 2013May 2013May 2013May 2013May 2013May 2013May 2013May 2013Angus M RobinsonAngus M RobinsonAngus M RobinsonAngus M RobinsonAngus M RobinsonAngus M RobinsonAngus M RobinsonAngus M Robinson
  • ‘‘Modern Day ExplorersModern Day Explorers’’ –– 19781978An Early Geotourism Awakening!An Early Geotourism Awakening!Whilst employed in theWhilst employed in thetourismtourism industry,industry, I wrote afeature article in a tourismpublication (See Australia)entitled ‘modern daymodern dayexplorersexplorers’’ and described the‘‘natural heritagenatural heritage’’ of theof themining areamining area of Chillagoe, NthQld based on my observationsas an exploration geologistexploration geologist ininthe early 1970s.the early 1970s.
  • TodayToday’’s Agendas Agenda� Landscapes and natural heritage� What do we mean by geotourism/experiential tourism� Scope of Geotourism and Geotourists� National Landscapes and Geoparks�� Geotourism Initiatives in NSWGeotourism Initiatives in NSW�� A suggestedA suggested rrole for the GSNSWole for the GSNSW� Take Aways
  • Scenery and Geology - a 1938 MusingScenery and Geology - a 1938 Musing�� SceneryScenery depends on landlandstructurestructure - in other words,its geologygeology..� Everyone interested in thecountrysidecountryside, how it hastaken shape, why itpresents us with the variedbeauties of mountain andwoodland, river valleys andfertile meadows, is, if oftenunconsciously, appreciatingits geology.geology.A.E. TruemanProfessor of Geology, Glascow University
  • Understanding Natural HeritageUnderstanding Natural HeritageNatural heritage is the legacy of naturalobjects and intangible attributesencompassing the countryside and naturalenvironment, including flora and fauna,scientifically known as BIODIVERSITYBIODIVERSITY, andgeology, landforms and soil landscapes, i.e., i.e.GEODIVERSITYGEODIVERSITY..
  • Understanding Geological Heritage (Geoheritage)Understanding Geological Heritage (Geoheritage)GeologicalGeological heritageheritage sites (sites (geositesgeosites)) are placesare placeswhich enablewhich enable us to understand theus to understand thecomposition ofcomposition of the earth, the internal andthe earth, the internal andexternal processesexternal processes that have shaped it andthat have shaped it andthe evolvingthe evolving flora and fauna that occupied itflora and fauna that occupied it..Source: Adapted from Dr Susan White, AESC 2010Source: Adapted from Dr Susan White, AESC 2010
  • 7Therefore they will have similar:� Geology� Topography� Vegetation� Soils�� Geoheritage featuresGeoheritage featuresA SOIL LANDSCAPESOIL LANDSCAPESOIL LANDSCAPESOIL LANDSCAPE is:a repeating pattern of soil and landforms resulting from aa repeating pattern of soil and landforms resulting from aa repeating pattern of soil and landforms resulting from aa repeating pattern of soil and landforms resulting from acommon geological/geomorphic history.common geological/geomorphic history.common geological/geomorphic history.common geological/geomorphic history.
  • GeotourismGeotourism –– Professor Tom Hose, UK (1995)Professor Tom Hose, UK (1995)The provision of interpretive and servicefacilities to enable tourists to acquireknowledge and understanding of the geologygeologyand geomorphologyand geomorphology of a site (including itscontribution to the development of the EarthSciences) beyond the level of mere aestheticbeyond the level of mere aestheticappreciationappreciation.
  • GeotourismGeotourism –– National Geographic Society & theNational Geographic Society & theTravel Industry Association of America (1997)Travel Industry Association of America (1997)� Geotourism is "best practice" tourism that sustains, or evenenhances, the geographical character of a placegeographical character of a place, such as itsculture, environment, heritage, and the well-being of itsresidents.� Like ecotourism, geotourism promotes a virtuous circlegeotourism promotes a virtuous circlewhereby tourism revenues provide a local incentive toprotect what tourists are coming to see, but extends theprinciple beyond nature and ecology to incorporate allincorporate allcharacteristics that contribute to sense of placecharacteristics that contribute to sense of place.� Geotourism incorporates sustainability principles,sustainability principles, but inaddition to the do-no-harm ethic, geotourism focuses on thegeotourism focuses on theplace as a whole.place as a whole.
  • Key ConceptsKey Concepts –– EcotourismEcotourism� According to Ecotourism Australia, ecotourism isecologically sustainable tourismecologically sustainable tourism with a primaryfocus on experiencing natural areasexperiencing natural areas thatfosters environmental and culturalunderstanding, appreciation and conservation.� Ecotourism Australia believes that the ultimatedefinition of ecotourism is compliance with thecompliance with thecore criteria stated within the Eco CertificationEco CertificationProgram.Program.
  • ‘‘ExperientialExperiential’’ TourismTourism ––A New Product PropositionA New Product Proposition� The global market is looking for unique productunique productexperiencesexperiences and a broader mix of experiences.� The ‘geotourismgeotourism’’ experience (as defined by the NGS(as defined by the NGS)creates a more holistic experiencemore holistic experience, and is a movetowards the ‘experiential’ tourism model.� In short, ‘‘experientialexperiential’’ tourists seek memorablememorableexperiencesexperiences.
  • Geotourism incorporatingGeotourism incorporatingall types ofall types of ‘‘place-basedplace-based’’ tourismtourismNational Geographic PerspectiveNational Geographic PerspectiveBoley, B.B. after Thompson, S. 2009SightseeingSightseeingSightseeingSightseeingCuisineCuisineCuisineCuisineAgritourismAgritourismAgritourismAgritourismIndigenousIndigenousIndigenousIndigenousTourismTourismTourismTourismHeritageHeritageHeritageHeritageTourismTourismTourismTourismCulturalCulturalCulturalCulturalTourismTourismTourismTourismECOTOURISMECOTOURISMECOTOURISMECOTOURISMGeotourismGeotourismi.e.i.e. ‘‘experientialexperientialtourismtourism’’
  • Geotourism CharacteristicsGeotourism CharacteristicsA GeologistA Geologist’’s Perspectives Perspective1. Is geologically basedgeologically based  and can occur in eithernatural, rural or urban environments.2. Fosters geoheritage conservationgeoheritage conservation throughappropriate sustainability measures.3. Advances sound geological understandinggeological understandingthrough interpretation and education.4. Generates touristtourist or visitor satisfaction.Dowling, 2010
  • Geotourism - asGeotourism - as oneone of the components of theof the components of themany types ofmany types of ‘‘place-basedplace-based’’ tourismtourism‘‘GeologicalGeological’’ PerspectivePerspectiveSightseeingCuisineCuisineCuisineCuisineAgritourismAgritourismAgritourismAgritourismIndigenousIndigenousIndigenousIndigenousTourismTourismTourismTourismHeritageHeritageHeritageHeritageTourismTourismTourismTourismCulturalCulturalCulturalCulturalTourismTourismTourismTourismEcotourismEcotourismEcotourismEcotourismGeotourismGeotourism
  • GeotourismGeotourism –– Potential Markets??Potential Markets??National Geographic/Tourism Industry ViewNational Geographic/Tourism Industry View‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘ExperientialExperientialExperientialExperientialExperientialExperientialExperientialExperiential’’’’’’’’Domestic TravellersDomestic TravellersDomestic TravellersDomestic TravellersDomestic TravellersDomestic TravellersDomestic TravellersDomestic TravellersGeologists/Geomorphologists/SpeliologistsGeologists/Geomorphologists/SpeliologistsGeologists/Geomorphologists/SpeliologistsGeologists/Geomorphologists/SpeliologistsGeologists/Geomorphologists/SpeliologistsGeologists/Geomorphologists/SpeliologistsGeologists/Geomorphologists/SpeliologistsGeologists/Geomorphologists/Speliologists/Paleontologists/Paleontologists/Paleontologists/Paleontologists/Paleontologists/Paleontologists/Paleontologists/PaleontologistsSchool GroupsSchool GroupsSchool GroupsSchool GroupsSchool GroupsSchool GroupsSchool GroupsSchool Groups‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘ExperientialExperientialExperientialExperientialExperientialExperientialExperientialExperiential’’’’’’’’Overseas TravellersOverseas TravellersOverseas TravellersOverseas TravellersOverseas TravellersOverseas TravellersOverseas TravellersOverseas TravellersGeopark/PaleoPark InterestsGeopark/PaleoPark InterestsGeopark/PaleoPark InterestsGeopark/PaleoPark InterestsGeopark/PaleoPark InterestsGeopark/PaleoPark InterestsGeopark/PaleoPark InterestsGeopark/PaleoPark Interests
  • GSA GEOtouristsGSA GEOtouristsGSA GEOtouristsGSA GEOtouristsGSA GEOtouristsGSA GEOtouristsGSA GEOtouristsGSA GEOtouristsFiveFiveFiveFiveFiveFiveFiveFive MostMostMostMostMostMostMostMost Important Travel PurposesImportant Travel PurposesImportant Travel PurposesImportant Travel PurposesImportant Travel PurposesImportant Travel PurposesImportant Travel PurposesImportant Travel Purposes1.1. Increasing knowledgeIncreasing knowledge of geological sites andlandforms.2. To satisfy my curiosity.curiosity.3. To have a memorable experiencememorable experience.4. To obtain intellectual stimulationintellectual stimulation.5. Visiting destinations offering a uniqueuniquebundlebundle of features and attractions (i.e.ecology, geology, culture and history).
  • BrandingBranding ‘‘IconicIconic’’ GeotourismGeotourism ––Ensuring a Memorable Experience!Ensuring a Memorable Experience!
  • GeotourismGeotourism (Geological Tourism) -The Players(Geological Tourism) -The PlayersGeotourismGeotourismGeotourismGeotourismGeotourismGeotourismGeotourismGeotourismGeomorphologistsGeomorphologistsGeomorphologistsGeomorphologistsGeomorphologistsGeomorphologistsGeomorphologistsGeomorphologistsLocal GovtLocal GovtLocal GovtLocal GovtLocal GovtLocal GovtLocal GovtLocal GovtFlora/FaunaFlora/FaunaFlora/FaunaFlora/FaunaFlora/FaunaFlora/FaunaFlora/FaunaFlora/FaunaInterestsInterestsInterestsInterestsInterestsInterestsInterestsInterestsGeographersGeographersGeographersGeographersGeographersGeographersGeographersGeographers‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘GeologistsGeologistsGeologistsGeologistsGeologistsGeologistsGeologistsGeologists’’’’’’’’(Various types)(Various types)(Various types)(Various types)(Various types)(Various types)(Various types)(Various types)LandownersLandownersLandownersLandownersLandownersLandownersLandownersLandownersGeol Surveys/Geol Surveys/Geol Surveys/Geol Surveys/Geol Surveys/Geol Surveys/Geol Surveys/Geol Surveys/Planning Agencies/Planning Agencies/Planning Agencies/Planning Agencies/Planning Agencies/Planning Agencies/Planning Agencies/Planning Agencies/Park ManagersPark ManagersPark ManagersPark ManagersPark ManagersPark ManagersPark ManagersPark ManagersTour OperatorsTour OperatorsTour OperatorsTour OperatorsTour OperatorsTour OperatorsTour OperatorsTour OperatorsGovt TourismGovt TourismGovt TourismGovt TourismGovt TourismGovt TourismGovt TourismGovt TourismAgenciesAgenciesAgenciesAgenciesAgenciesAgenciesAgenciesAgencies
  • GeotourismGeotourism –– Diversity of SitesDiversity of SitesGeotourismGeotourismGeotourismGeotourismGeotourismGeotourismGeotourismGeotourismIconsIconsIconsIconsIconsIconsIconsIcons((((((((Inc National Landscapes)Inc National Landscapes)Inc National Landscapes)Inc National Landscapes)Inc National Landscapes)Inc National Landscapes)Inc National Landscapes)Inc National Landscapes)Mine SitesMine SitesMine SitesMine SitesMine SitesMine SitesMine SitesMine SitesNational Parks/Reserves/National Parks/Reserves/National Parks/Reserves/National Parks/Reserves/National Parks/Reserves/National Parks/Reserves/National Parks/Reserves/National Parks/Reserves/Urban ParksUrban ParksUrban ParksUrban ParksUrban ParksUrban ParksUrban ParksUrban ParksGeo-trailsGeo-trailsGeo-trailsGeo-trailsGeo-trailsGeo-trailsGeo-trailsGeo-trailsGeo-sitesGeo-sitesGeo-sitesGeo-sitesGeo-sitesGeo-sitesGeo-sitesGeo-sitesGeoparks/Geoparks/Geoparks/Geoparks/Geoparks/Geoparks/Geoparks/Geoparks/PaleoParksPaleoParksPaleoParksPaleoParksPaleoParksPaleoParksPaleoParksPaleoParksCaves/Karst AreasCaves/Karst AreasCaves/Karst AreasCaves/Karst AreasCaves/Karst AreasCaves/Karst AreasCaves/Karst AreasCaves/Karst AreasLandformsLandformsLandformsLandformsWHAsWHAsWHAsWHAsWHAsWHAsWHAsWHAs
  • Definition of KarstKarst is a distinctive landform formed on rocks that have a greater degree ofsolubility (e.g. limestone) than is commonly found.This process typically occurs over thousands or millions of years resulting in avariety of unusual surface and below ground features such as arches, gorges,sinkholes and CAVES. Cave tourism is one of the best exemplars of Geotourism!CAVES. Cave tourism is one of the best exemplars of Geotourism!Cooleman Plains karst environments (Kosciuszko NP) Photos copyright A. C. Baker/DECCWCooleman Plains karst environments (Kosciuszko NP) Photos copyright A. C. Baker/DECCW
  • Definition of Karst EnvironmentsDefinition of Karst EnvironmentsIntegrated, yet dynamic, systems of landforms, life, energy, water, gases,soils and bedrock.Karst environments may contain significant geodiversity, biodiversity,aboriginal cultural heritage, historic cultural heritage, aesthetic, scientific andsocial values.Photos copyright A. C. Baker/DECCW and S.Reilly/DECCW (middle imagePhotos copyright A. C. Baker/DECCW and S.Reilly/DECCW (middle image))
  • Geotourism and Mining AreasGeotourism and Mining Areas� Existing and abandoned mining sites� Old mining towns e.g. Broken Hill� Historic mining regions e.g. West Coast Tasmania� Economic Geology geosites e.g. gossans, alterationgossans, alterationzones e.g. Turtle Island, Taiwan� Old mine site complexes combining mining,museums, ecological interpretation, history andculture e.g. Gold Ecological Park, TaiwanGold Ecological Park, Taiwan
  • Broken HillBroken HillDEWHA has been assessing both the mining and minerals (i.e.economic geologyeconomic geology) heritage of Broken Hill.�� Broken Hill’s prominent role in AustraliaAustralia’’s mining history.s mining history.� For the development of innovative mining and metallurgicalinnovative mining and metallurgicalpractices.practices.� As the place where safe working practices and workerssafe working practices and workers’’legislationlegislation was first developed for miners.� For its well-known mineralogical diversitymineralogical diversity..� For its importance for the associations with many individualsassociations with many individualswho have played a prominent role in the Australian miningindustry.Source: DEWHA
  • Mining GeotourismMining GeotourismGossans and Alteration ZonesGossans and Alteration Zones
  • Jinguashi Gold Ecological Park, Taiwan
  • Jinguashi Gold Ecological Park, Taiwan
  • Jinguashi Gold Ecological Park, Taiwan
  • Jinguashi Gold Ecological Park, Taiwan
  • Jinguashi Gold Ecological Park, Taiwan
  • Jinguashi Gold Ecological Park, Taiwan
  • Jinguashi Gold Ecological Park, Taiwan
  • Jinguashi Gold Ecological Park, Taiwan
  • Tianzhushan Global GeoparkTianzhushan Global GeoparkAnhui Province, PRCAnhui Province, PRC
  • What is a Geopark?What is a Geopark?� A Global Geopark is a unified area with geologicalgeologicalheritageheritage of international significance and where thatheritage is being used to promote the sustainableheritage is being used to promote the sustainabledevelopment of the local communitiesdevelopment of the local communities who live there.� The Global Geopark brand is a voluntary, quality labeland while it is not a legislative designation, the keykeyheritage sites within a geopark should be protectedheritage sites within a geopark should be protectedunder local, regional or national legislation asunder local, regional or national legislation asappropriate.appropriate.� These Earth heritage sites are part of an integratedconcept of protection, education, and sustainableprotection, education, and sustainabledevelopmentdevelopment.
  • Core Elements of a GeoparkCore Elements of a GeoparkA GEOPARKGEOPARK achieves its goals of fostering local developmentfostering local developmentthrough a three-pronged approach:� GEOCONSERVATIONGEOCONSERVATION: A GEOPARK seeks to conserve significantgeological features, and explore and demonstrate methods forexcellence in conservation.� EDUCATIONEDUCATION: A GEOPARK organises activities and provides logisticsupport to communicate geoscientific knowledge and environmentalconcepts to the public.� GEOTOURISMGEOTOURISM: A GEOPARK stimulates economic activity and sustainabledevelopment through geotourism.
  • Land Composition of a GeoparkLand Composition of a GeoparkA GEOPARKGEOPARK may comprise either solely or a mixsolely or a mix ofof� protected public lands including WHAs, nationalparks and any other like areas designated byareas designated bynational governmentsnational governments,� private lands,and located wholly within or across national/statewithin or across national/stateboundariesboundaries’’
  • KanawinkaKanawinkaKanawinkaKanawinkaGeoparkGeoparkGeoparkGeopark
  • Some Geomorphic HighlightsKanawinka Geopark – Victoria and New South Wales
  • Volcanic Landscapes, Kanawinka Geopark, VictoriaVolcanic Landscapes, Kanawinka Geopark, Victoria
  • Kanawinka and the EPHCKanawinka and the EPHCIn November 2009, Australian Government Ministersfor the Environment and Heritage decided that whilstAustralian governments support geological heritage,they have significant concerns with the application ofthe UNESCO Geoparks concept in Australia, especiallywithout government endorsement.Furthermore they determined that existingexistingmechanisms are considered sufficient to protectmechanisms are considered sufficient to protectgeoheritage.geoheritage.
  • Warrambungles, New South WalesWarrambungles, New South Wales ––A Future Geopark for NSW?A Future Geopark for NSW?
  • ScenarioScenarioWarrambunglesWarrambunglesNational ParkNational ParkOutstanding MioceneShield Volcano remnantlandforms close to amajor coaldevelopment area236 square km area
  • Australia’sNationalLandscapes
  • National Landscapes and GeoparksNational Landscapes and Geoparks� Have similar goalssimilar goals relating to localdevelopment, education and experientialtourism (‘geotourism’).� However, National Landscapes do not focusNational Landscapes do not focuson fostering geoconservationon fostering geoconservation, but have abroader ‘natural heritage’ remit.� Nonetheless, the GSA has recently developedwith Parks Australia a protocol providing forprotocol providing forgeoscience inputgeoscience input.
  • Scenic RimScenic Rim –– Green CauldronGreen Cauldron National LandscapeNational Landscape
  • ‘‘Green CauldronGreen Cauldron’’ National LandscapeNational LandscapeTheThe ‘‘Scenic RimScenic Rim’’ RegionRegion
  • Two Geotour LeadersTwo Geotour Leaders ––Different Interpretation TechniquesDifferent Interpretation TechniquesDr John JacksonDr John Jackson‘‘The Rock DoctorThe Rock Doctor’’Bob BrownBob BrownBob & Nancy Geological Tour SiteBob & Nancy Geological Tour Site
  • ‘‘Gondwana CoastGondwana Coast’’ –– Fossils WalksFossils WalksUlladulla, NSWUlladulla, NSW
  • Kanawinka Geopark - Education
  • DomesticDomesticDomesticDomesticInternationalInternationalInternationalInternational
  • The easy next stepThe easy next stepThe easy next stepThe easy next step
  • Camel Rock TurbiditeCamel Rock TurbiditeCamel Rock TurbiditeCamel Rock Turbidite-36.378131150.076987These are the stronglyfolded beds of 470million year oldturbidite.Turbidites form in thedeep ocean whenunstable masses ofsediment avalanchedown continental slopes, gathering water asthey go .From each dense sediment flow, sandsettlesout first followed by finer sediment,preservedin a single bed or layer. Undulations in thefinelayers at the top of each bed record theripples as the flow comes to rest.The mud settles and duly forms as layersseenin the turbidite rock.Linkhttp://www.sapphirecoast.com.au/6_The_geological_floor_-_the_Ordovician.pdf
  • RIFTING EAST GONDWANARIFTING EAST GONDWANARIFTING EAST GONDWANARIFTING EAST GONDWANACretaceous volcanicsCretaceous volcanicsCretaceous volcanicsCretaceous volcanicsFormation Great Eastern EscarpmentFormation Great Eastern EscarpmentFormation Great Eastern EscarpmentFormation Great Eastern EscarpmentFormation continental shelfFormation continental shelfFormation continental shelfFormation continental shelfFormation Tasman SeaFormation Tasman SeaFormation Tasman SeaFormation Tasman SeaDEVONIAN EDEN- COMERONG RIFTDEVONIAN EDEN- COMERONG RIFTDEVONIAN EDEN- COMERONG RIFTDEVONIAN EDEN- COMERONG RIFTDevonian volcanics & related graniteDevonian volcanics & related graniteDevonian volcanics & related graniteDevonian volcanics & related graniteOxygenation , red beds fossil fishOxygenation , red beds fossil fishOxygenation , red beds fossil fishOxygenation , red beds fossil fishTERTIARY LANDSCAPESTERTIARY LANDSCAPESTERTIARY LANDSCAPESTERTIARY LANDSCAPESEscarpment developmentEscarpment developmentEscarpment developmentEscarpment developmentLava flowsLava flowsLava flowsLava flowsSandstoneSandstoneSandstoneSandstoneQUATERNARY LANDSCAPESQUATERNARY LANDSCAPESQUATERNARY LANDSCAPESQUATERNARY LANDSCAPESSea level fluctuations & current shoreSea level fluctuations & current shoreSea level fluctuations & current shoreSea level fluctuations & current shoreSand dunesSand dunesSand dunesSand dunesCoastal lagoons and lakesCoastal lagoons and lakesCoastal lagoons and lakesCoastal lagoons and lakesMID DEVONIAN GRANITEMID DEVONIAN GRANITEMID DEVONIAN GRANITEMID DEVONIAN GRANITEBega BatholithBega BatholithBega BatholithBega BatholithGranite landscape evolutionGranite landscape evolutionGranite landscape evolutionGranite landscape evolutionDISTINCTIVE GEODISTINCTIVE GEODISTINCTIVE GEODISTINCTIVE GEOTHEMESTHEMESTHEMESTHEMESORDOVICIAN REGIONAL FLOORORDOVICIAN REGIONAL FLOORORDOVICIAN REGIONAL FLOORORDOVICIAN REGIONAL FLOORNarooma accreted terraneNarooma accreted terraneNarooma accreted terraneNarooma accreted terraneTurbiditesTurbiditesTurbiditesTurbidites
  • 50 km50 km50 km50 km19191919181818181717171716161616151515151414141413131313121212121111111110101010999988887777666655554444 33332222 111119191919777766665555444433332222111118181818171717171616161615151515141414141313131312121212111111111010101099998888
  • NEXT ?NEXT ?NEXT ?NEXT ?Green CauldronGreen CauldronGreen CauldronGreen CauldronFlinders RangesFlinders RangesFlinders RangesFlinders Ranges
  • Montague Island Cretaceous VolcanicsMontague Island Cretaceous VolcanicsMontague Island Cretaceous VolcanicsMontague Island Cretaceous VolcanicsTo the 2km long IslandTo the 2km long IslandTo the 2km long IslandTo the 2km long Island’’’’s south easts south easts south easts south eastwas a huge 99 million year oldwas a huge 99 million year oldwas a huge 99 million year oldwas a huge 99 million year oldstratovolcano. This was one of a chainstratovolcano. This was one of a chainstratovolcano. This was one of a chainstratovolcano. This was one of a chaindown eastern Gondwanaland markingdown eastern Gondwanaland markingdown eastern Gondwanaland markingdown eastern Gondwanaland markingthe rupture that formed the Tasmanthe rupture that formed the Tasmanthe rupture that formed the Tasmanthe rupture that formed the TasmanSea. The volcano flanks included theSea. The volcano flanks included theSea. The volcano flanks included theSea. The volcano flanks included thedark coloured lava and tuffs on thedark coloured lava and tuffs on thedark coloured lava and tuffs on thedark coloured lava and tuffs on theIslandIslandIslandIsland’’’’s north side. The Islands north side. The Islands north side. The Islands north side. The Island’’’’ssssgranite-like grey rocks are thegranite-like grey rocks are thegranite-like grey rocks are thegranite-like grey rocks are theremnants of globs of molten materialremnants of globs of molten materialremnants of globs of molten materialremnants of globs of molten materialintruded into the volcanic debris. Theintruded into the volcanic debris. Theintruded into the volcanic debris. Theintruded into the volcanic debris. Thenorth side of Gulaga on the nearnorth side of Gulaga on the nearnorth side of Gulaga on the nearnorth side of Gulaga on the nearhorizon has the same rock assemblage,horizon has the same rock assemblage,horizon has the same rock assemblage,horizon has the same rock assemblage,giving an idea of the volcanogiving an idea of the volcanogiving an idea of the volcanogiving an idea of the volcano’’’’s size.s size.s size.s size.
  • Monaro Paleogene Lava PlainsMonaro Paleogene Lava PlainsMonaro Paleogene Lava PlainsMonaro Paleogene Lava PlainsThe 4300 square km Monaro VolcanicThe 4300 square km Monaro VolcanicThe 4300 square km Monaro VolcanicThe 4300 square km Monaro VolcanicProvince was active over the periodProvince was active over the periodProvince was active over the periodProvince was active over the period58 to 34 million years ago. Over 63058 to 34 million years ago. Over 63058 to 34 million years ago. Over 63058 to 34 million years ago. Over 630cubic km of basalt was erupted fromcubic km of basalt was erupted fromcubic km of basalt was erupted fromcubic km of basalt was erupted from65 known sites. Lava cascaded off the65 known sites. Lava cascaded off the65 known sites. Lava cascaded off the65 known sites. Lava cascaded off thehighlands down coastal valleys.highlands down coastal valleys.highlands down coastal valleys.highlands down coastal valleys.Before this volcanic activity began,Before this volcanic activity began,Before this volcanic activity began,Before this volcanic activity began,the region was a flat plain with manythe region was a flat plain with manythe region was a flat plain with manythe region was a flat plain with manylakes and streams. Lake sediments oflakes and streams. Lake sediments oflakes and streams. Lake sediments oflakes and streams. Lake sediments ofwhite clay can be seen in placeswhite clay can be seen in placeswhite clay can be seen in placeswhite clay can be seen in placesbeneath the basalt. The pollen andbeneath the basalt. The pollen andbeneath the basalt. The pollen andbeneath the basalt. The pollen andfossil wood in these deposits indicatefossil wood in these deposits indicatefossil wood in these deposits indicatefossil wood in these deposits indicatethe region was covered by coolthe region was covered by coolthe region was covered by coolthe region was covered by cooltemperate rainforest.temperate rainforest.temperate rainforest.temperate rainforest.
  • PRODUCT: NSW GEOTRAILSPRODUCT: NSW GEOTRAILSPRODUCT: NSW GEOTRAILSPRODUCT: NSW GEOTRAILSPRODUCT: NSW GEOTRAILSPRODUCT: NSW GEOTRAILSPRODUCT: NSW GEOTRAILSPRODUCT: NSW GEOTRAILS► Are predetermined routes, which link sites of geoheritage significance orinterest (possibly geosites/parks).► Visitors travel by car/coach/bike to nominated sites where they canparticipate in a range of active and passive pursuits including geoventuresgeoventuresgeoventuresgeoventuressuch as caving, abseiling, mountain biking etc.► Could involve the downloading of information from the DECC Website topersonal MP3 players and GPS units – for use in on-site interpretation androute navigation.► Would be marketed through brochures, signage, the DECC Website and otherforms of electronic media, which would identify/describe tourisminfrastructureSource: Stephen Meehan, OEHGEOTOURISMGEOTOURISMGEOTOURISMGEOTOURISMA road best travelledA road best travelledA road best travelledA road best travelled…………
  • PRODUCT: NSW GEOTRAILSPRODUCT: NSW GEOTRAILSPRODUCT: NSW GEOTRAILSPRODUCT: NSW GEOTRAILSPRODUCT: NSW GEOTRAILSPRODUCT: NSW GEOTRAILSPRODUCT: NSW GEOTRAILSPRODUCT: NSW GEOTRAILS► Be developed/marketed in conjunction with NSW Tourism, regional tourismorganisations, local councils and the business community.► Partnerships with Aboriginal communities would also be sought – in many casesgeosites have cultural heritage significance.► Individual geotrails could target niche markets (e.g. wanderers, compatriots,pampadours).►► Would be the first of itWould be the first of it’’s kinds kind – while similar products have been developed ona regional level (e.g. Flinders Rangers and SA Fossil Trail), its proposed scaleand product mix makes it special.GEOTOURISMGEOTOURISMGEOTOURISMGEOTOURISMA road best travelledA road best travelledA road best travelledA road best travelled…………
  • On tour with our greatest rock stars … …Dine with threebeautiful sisters …Hang withthe incrowd …Meet these and other rock stars on a NSW GeotrailNSW GeotrailNSW GeotrailNSW Geotrail (seeInset). For further information visitwww.environment.nsw.gov.au or contact your nearest office ofthe Department of Environment and Climate Change.GEOTOURISMGEOTOURISMGEOTOURISMGEOTOURISM –––– a road best travelleda road best travelleda road best travelleda road best travelledUnwind with legends …
  • NSW OpportunitiesNSW Opportunities1. GeoTreat smartphone application project.2. Existing Central NSW Mining Trail application.3. Cartoscope NSW Geotourism Map.4. Proposed OEH NSW Geotrail.5. AusIMM Heritage project with pilot in theIllawarra
  • How Can GSNSW Help?How Can GSNSW Help?1. GeoTreat smartphone application project.2. Existing Central NSW Mining Trail application.3. Gold Trails NSW www.goldtrails.com.au4. Cartoscope NSW Geotourism Map.5. Proposed OEH NSW Geotrail.6. AusIMM Heritage project with pilot in theIllawarra7. AESC field trips, Newcastle, July 2014
  • GeotourismGeotourism –– EstablishingEstablishing ‘‘Common GroundCommon Ground’’ withwiththe Parks Movementthe Parks MovementThere is an opportunity for geotourism advocates to engagegeotourism advocates to engagewith pwith parkark managersmanagers to determine commonality on issuesrelating to:�� Connecting LandscapesConnecting Landscapes� Forming PartnershipsPartnerships�� Attracting VisitorsAttracting Visitors� Development of Regional CommunitiesRegional Communities�� IndigenousIndigenous Engagement� Identification and Establishment of Geosites/GeotrailsGeosites/Geotrails�� Geoscience information & interpretation e.g. web sitesGeoscience information & interpretation e.g. web sites
  • Take-AwaysTake-Aways1. The incorporation of the geotourismexperience (with traditional nature tourismtraditional nature tourismand elements of otherand elements of other ‘‘place basedplace based’’ tourism)tourism)creates a more holistic experience, and is amove towards the experiential tourism modelexperiential tourism model.In short, ‘experiential tourists seekmemorable experiences.2.2. GeoheritageGeoheritage and Geotourism are inextricablylinked.
  • Take-AwaysTake-Aways3. Geotourism initiatives are now being rolledout in NSW to meet growing public interest.4. The GSA and the other geological societies(e.g. The AusIMM and the AIG) wouldwelcome the opportunity to partner with boththe GSNSW and the OEH to enhance the scopeand effectiveness of these projects.
  • Contact DetailsContact DetailsContact DetailsContact DetailsContact DetailsContact DetailsContact DetailsContact Detailswww.leisuresolutions.com.auwww.leisuresolutions.com.auangus@leisuresolutions.com.auangus@leisuresolutions.com.auO418 488 340O418 488 340Join the LinkedInLinkedIn ‘‘Australian Geotourism DevelopmentAustralian Geotourism Development’’ Discussion Group!