2010 AMMA Conference2010 AMMA Conference
The Loss of HMAS SYDNEY II:The Loss of HMAS SYDNEY II:
Medical AspectsMedical Asp...
BackgroundBackground
•• On 19 Nov 41, SYDNEY returning to Fremantle afterOn 19 Nov 41, SYDNEY returning to Fremantle after...
Dr Neil WestphalenDr Neil Westphalen 33
AimAim
To describe the medical aspects of SYDNEYTo describe the medical aspects of...
Dr Neil WestphalenDr Neil Westphalen 44
Dental SurgerySickbayWO’s
Mess
First Aid Posts
Control Bases Damage Control
Central
KORMORANKORMORAN’’s 150mm Gunss 150mm Guns
gh Explosive (HE) shellh Explosive (HE) shell
Structural damage radius ~3.2mStr...
cm Shell
all Calibre
rpedo
halenhalen
h casualties
dium casualties
w casualties
CasualtiesCasualties
TO estimateTO estimate minimumminimum 70% casualties (> 450 pers)70% casualties (> 450 pers)
>20% usu...
oding
e
avy smoke
dium smoke
ht smoke
rpedo
SYDNEYSYDNEY’’s Boatss Boats
Carley FloatCarley Float
LifebeltsLifebelts
After the SinkingAfter the Sinking
UITANIA picked up first KORMORAN pers 23 NovUITANIA picked up first KORMORAN pers 23 No...
After the SinkingAfter the Sinking
ad bodies sinkad bodies sink –– decomposition makes them float 3decomposition makes the...
Surgeon CommanderSurgeon Commander John Reid Hasker RANJohn Reid Hasker RAN
SurgeonSurgeon Lieutenant Commander Francis Ha...
Lest We ForgetLest We Forget
CMDR John (Jack) Reid Hasker RANCMDR John (Jack) Reid Hasker RAN
Lest We ForgetLest We Forget
Sick Berth Attendant John Robert PayneSick Berth Attendant John Robert Payne
Lest We ForgetLest We Forget
Surgeon Lieutenant (Dental)Surgeon Lieutenant (Dental)
Mervyn Clive Townsend RAN (Mervyn Cliv...
The Loss of HMAS SYDNEY 2: Medical Aspects- Westphalen
The Loss of HMAS SYDNEY 2: Medical Aspects- Westphalen
The Loss of HMAS SYDNEY 2: Medical Aspects- Westphalen
The Loss of HMAS SYDNEY 2: Medical Aspects- Westphalen
The Loss of HMAS SYDNEY 2: Medical Aspects- Westphalen
The Loss of HMAS SYDNEY 2: Medical Aspects- Westphalen
The Loss of HMAS SYDNEY 2: Medical Aspects- Westphalen
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The Loss of HMAS SYDNEY 2: Medical Aspects- Westphalen

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The Loss of HMAS SYDNEY 2: Medical Aspects- Westphalen

  1. 1. 2010 AMMA Conference2010 AMMA Conference The Loss of HMAS SYDNEY II:The Loss of HMAS SYDNEY II: Medical AspectsMedical Aspects CMDR Neil WestphalenCMDR Neil Westphalen MBBS (Adel), MPH, Dip AvMed, FRACGP, FAFOEMMBBS (Adel), MPH, Dip AvMed, FRACGP, FAFOEM 29 October 201029 October 2010
  2. 2. BackgroundBackground •• On 19 Nov 41, SYDNEY returning to Fremantle afterOn 19 Nov 41, SYDNEY returning to Fremantle after escorting troopship ZEALANDIA to Sunda Straitescorting troopship ZEALANDIA to Sunda Strait •• At 1600 she encountered German auxiliary cruiserAt 1600 she encountered German auxiliary cruiser KORMORAN, 100nm west of Shark BayKORMORAN, 100nm west of Shark Bay •• Battle began 1730 and ended 1825Battle began 1730 and ended 1825 •• SYDNEY last seen on fire ~2300SYDNEY last seen on fire ~2300 •• KORMORAN sank ~0035KORMORAN sank ~0035 •• No SYDNEY survivorsNo SYDNEY survivors •• Both wrecks found Mar 2008Both wrecks found Mar 2008 Dr Neil WestphalenDr Neil Westphalen 22
  3. 3. Dr Neil WestphalenDr Neil Westphalen 33 AimAim To describe the medical aspects of SYDNEYTo describe the medical aspects of SYDNEY’’s finals final action, as an acknowledgement to her medicalaction, as an acknowledgement to her medical departmentdepartment •• Two medical officersTwo medical officers •• One dental officerOne dental officer •• One senior sailor medicOne senior sailor medic •• Five junior sailor medicsFive junior sailor medics •• One junior sailor dental assistantOne junior sailor dental assistant •• About 20 first aidersAbout 20 first aiders
  4. 4. Dr Neil WestphalenDr Neil Westphalen 44 Dental SurgerySickbayWO’s Mess First Aid Posts
  5. 5. Control Bases Damage Control Central
  6. 6. KORMORANKORMORAN’’s 150mm Gunss 150mm Guns gh Explosive (HE) shellh Explosive (HE) shell Structural damage radius ~3.2mStructural damage radius ~3.2m Casualty radius ~5.0mCasualty radius ~5.0m ~4000 frags per shell (ie multiple, small)~4000 frags per shell (ie multiple, small) mour Piercing (AP) Shellmour Piercing (AP) Shell Structural damage radius ~1.5mStructural damage radius ~1.5m Casualty radius ~4.0mCasualty radius ~4.0m ~2000 frags per shell (ie fewer, larger)~2000 frags per shell (ie fewer, larger) east 87 hits = 200,000 frags (310 per crew member)east 87 hits = 200,000 frags (310 per crew member)
  7. 7. cm Shell all Calibre rpedo halenhalen
  8. 8. h casualties dium casualties w casualties
  9. 9. CasualtiesCasualties TO estimateTO estimate minimumminimum 70% casualties (> 450 pers)70% casualties (> 450 pers) >20% usually means ship hit badly enough to sink>20% usually means ship hit badly enough to sink sualty breakdown:sualty breakdown: 225 KIA225 KIA 225 WIA225 WIA Latter includes about 207 P1 and P2 casesLatter includes about 207 P1 and P2 cases Of which >100 would have had severe burnsOf which >100 would have had severe burns
  10. 10. oding e avy smoke dium smoke ht smoke rpedo
  11. 11. SYDNEYSYDNEY’’s Boatss Boats
  12. 12. Carley FloatCarley Float
  13. 13. LifebeltsLifebelts
  14. 14. After the SinkingAfter the Sinking UITANIA picked up first KORMORAN pers 23 NovUITANIA picked up first KORMORAN pers 23 Nov But had to maintain radio silenceBut had to maintain radio silence st reported ashore when tanker TROCUS picked upst reported ashore when tanker TROCUS picked up re KORMORAN survivors 24 Novre KORMORAN survivors 24 Nov searches commenced later that daysearches commenced later that day nitially looking for SYDNEY rather than boats or survivorsnitially looking for SYDNEY rather than boats or survivors Later sorties flown at lower height looking for her boatsLater sorties flown at lower height looking for her boats NoNo searches flown low enough to spot small debris,searches flown low enough to spot small debris,
  15. 15. After the SinkingAfter the Sinking ad bodies sinkad bodies sink –– decomposition makes them float 3decomposition makes them float 3 10 days later10 days later Longer in cold waterLonger in cold water Pressure at depth prevents gas expansionPressure at depth prevents gas expansion Air search called off 29 NovAir search called off 29 Nov
  16. 16. Surgeon CommanderSurgeon Commander John Reid Hasker RANJohn Reid Hasker RAN SurgeonSurgeon Lieutenant Commander Francis Harrison Genge RANRLieutenant Commander Francis Harrison Genge RANR Surgeon Lieutenant (Dental)Surgeon Lieutenant (Dental) Mervyn Clive Townsend RANMervyn Clive Townsend RAN 17877 Sick Bay Petty Officer17877 Sick Bay Petty Officer Eric Ralph BarhamEric Ralph Barham 2255622556 Acting Leading Sick Berth AttendantActing Leading Sick Berth Attendant David William BoydDavid William Boyd PA1908 Sick Berth Attendant Lindsay James MedlenPA1908 Sick Berth Attendant Lindsay James Medlen PM2984 Sick Berth Attendant Leslie Charles MinnsPM2984 Sick Berth Attendant Leslie Charles Minns 2221322213 Sick Berth Attendant John Robert PayneSick Berth Attendant John Robert Payne PA1946 Sick Berth AttendantPA1946 Sick Berth Attendant Roderick Richard WilsonRoderick Richard Wilson 095 Sick Berth Attendant095 Sick Berth Attendant 2nd Class2nd Class (Dental) Stewart Thomas Laxton(Dental) Stewart Thomas Laxton Questions?Questions?
  17. 17. Lest We ForgetLest We Forget CMDR John (Jack) Reid Hasker RANCMDR John (Jack) Reid Hasker RAN
  18. 18. Lest We ForgetLest We Forget Sick Berth Attendant John Robert PayneSick Berth Attendant John Robert Payne
  19. 19. Lest We ForgetLest We Forget Surgeon Lieutenant (Dental)Surgeon Lieutenant (Dental) Mervyn Clive Townsend RAN (Mervyn Clive Townsend RAN (rightright)) andand PM3095 Sick Berth AttendantPM3095 Sick Berth Attendant 2nd Class2nd Class (Dental)(Dental)

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