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The Loss of HMAS SYDNEY 2: Medical Aspects- Westphalen






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The Loss of HMAS SYDNEY 2: Medical Aspects- Westphalen Presentation Transcript

  • 1. 2010 AMMA Conference The Loss of HMAS SYDNEY II: Medical Aspects CMDR Neil Westphalen MBBS (Adel), MPH, Dip AvMed, FRACGP, FAFOEM 29 October 2010
  • 2. Background • On 19 Nov 41, SYDNEY returning to Fremantle after escorting troopship ZEALANDIA to Sunda Strait • At 1600 she encountered German auxiliary cruiser KORMORAN, 100nm west of Shark Bay • Battle began 1730 and ended 1825 • SYDNEY last seen on fire ~2300 • KORMORAN sank ~0035 • No SYDNEY survivors • Both wrecks found Mar 2008 Dr Neil Westphalen 2
  • 3. Aim To describe the medical aspects of SYDNEY’s final action, as an acknowledgement to her medical department • Two medical officers • One dental officer • One senior sailor medic • Five junior sailor medics • One junior sailor dental assistant • About 20 first aiders Dr Neil Westphalen 3
  • 4. WO’s Sickbay Dental Surgery First Aid Posts Mess Dr Neil Westphalen 4
  • 5. Control Bases Damage Control Central
  • 6. KORMORAN’s 150mm Guns gh Explosive (HE) shell h Structural damage radius ~3.2m Casualty radius ~5.0m ~4000 frags per shell (ie multiple, small) mour Piercing (AP) Shell Structural damage radius ~1.5m Casualty radius ~4.0m ~2000 frags per shell (ie fewer, larger) east 87 hits = 200,000 frags (310 per crew member)
  • 7. cm Shell all Calibre rpedo halen
  • 8. h casualties dium casualties w casualties
  • 9. Casualties TO estimate minimum 70% casualties (> 450 pers) >20% usually means ship hit badly enough to sink sualty breakdown: 225 KIA 225 WIA Latter includes about 207 P1 and P2 cases Of which >100 would have had severe burns
  • 10. oding e avy smoke dium smoke ht smoke rpedo
  • 11. SYDNEY’s Boats
  • 12. Carley Float
  • 13. Lifebelts
  • 14. After the Sinking UITANIA picked up first KORMORAN pers 23 Nov But had to maintain radio silence st reported ashore when tanker TROCUS picked up re KORMORAN survivors 24 Nov searches commenced later that day nitially looking for SYDNEY rather than boats or survivors Later sorties flown at lower height looking for her boats No searches flown low enough to spot small debris,
  • 15. After the Sinking ad bodies sink – decomposition makes them float 3 10 days later Longer in cold water Pressure at depth prevents gas expansion Air search called off 29 Nov
  • 16. Questions? Surgeon Commander John Reid Hasker RAN Surgeon Lieutenant Commander Francis Harrison Genge RANR Surgeon Lieutenant (Dental) Mervyn Clive Townsend RAN 17877 Sick Bay Petty Officer Eric Ralph Barham 22556 Acting Leading Sick Berth Attendant David William Boyd PA1908 Sick Berth Attendant Lindsay James Medlen PM2984 Sick Berth Attendant Leslie Charles Minns 22213 Sick Berth Attendant John Robert Payne PA1946 Sick Berth Attendant Roderick Richard Wilson 095 Sick Berth Attendant 2nd Class (Dental) Stewart Thomas Laxton
  • 17. Lest We Forget CMDR John (Jack) Reid Hasker RAN
  • 18. Lest We Forget Sick Berth Attendant John Robert Payne
  • 19. Lest We Forget Surgeon Lieutenant (Dental) Mervyn Clive Townsend RAN (right) and PM3095 Sick Berth Attendant 2nd Class (Dental)