Jacksonian democracy
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  • 1. Jacksonian Democracy The Early 1830’s Andrew Jackson on Indian Removal and Secession Don’t Mess with Andrew Jackson
  • 2. Tariffs 1828 – “Tariff of Abominations” South Carolina Exposition Nullfication Webster – Hayne Debates Federal Government now, Federal Government forever! Calhoun States Rights!!!
  • 3. What to do with the Natives? Assimilate 5 Civilized Tribes Cherokee, Choctaw, Seminole, Creek, Chickasaw Remove
  • 4. The Black Hawk War Chief Back Hawk of the Sauk led a confederacy in the fight against settlers. 1832 more then 200 Sauk & Fox were slaughtered and sent to Mississippi.
  • 5. Potawatomie?
  • 6. Indian Removal Act of 1830 90 “treaties” 1830 – Choctaw – Miss. (treaty) 1833 - Sauk & Fox – Ill. & Mich. (Forced) 1832 – Chickasaw – Ala. & Miss. (Forced) 1832 – Cherokee say “No” – lawsuit? "It will seperate the indians from immediate contact with settlements of whites; enable them to pusue happiness in their own way and under their own rude institutions; will retard the progress of decay, which is lessening their numbers, and perhaps cause them gradually, under the protection of the government and through the influences of good counsels, to cast off their savage habits and become an interesting, civilized, and christian community." – Andrew Jackson
  • 7. Worcester v Georgia? 1832 (offered $5M) Samuel Austin Worcester – Why him? John Marshall vs. Andrew Jackson Mr. Marshall has made his decision. Now let him enforce it.
  • 8. Texas Jackson offers Mexico $5M for Texas
  • 9. Bank of the United States Andrew Jackson fights the Bank In 1832 – Clay & Webster push through recharter of BUS (still good until 1836) Jackson vetoes the Bill - Nicholas Biddle
  • 10. Election of 1832 Jackson defeats Henry Clay He lost South Carolina…
  • 11. 1832 – Jackson pulls funds from BUS Pet Banks? Biddle’s Revenge?
  • 12. 1832 Calhoun resigns as VP Replaced by Sec of State Martin Van Buren Tariff of 1832 – SC nullifies it
  • 13. 1833 1833 – Force Bill 1833 – Henry Clay saves the day! New tariff – gradually lower I’m Henry Clay the “Deal Making Man”
  • 14. 1833 Stephen Austin goes to Mexico City to request self government Santa Anna arrests him
  • 15. Birth of the Whigs (1834) American System (Tariffs, Roads, BUS) Adams Clay Webster
  • 16. Treaty of New Echota 1835 - Treaty of New Echota 1838 – 20,000 Cherokee are still in GA.
  • 17. 1836 The Alamo
  • 18. Republic of Texas 1836 – Battle of Goliad & San Jacinto – Sam Houston
  • 19. Election of 1836
  • 20. Van Buren’s Inaugural Address "I must go into the Presidential chair the inflexible and uncompromising opponent of every attempt on the part of Congress to abolish slavery i n the District of Columbia against the wishes of the slaveholding States, and also with a determination equally decided to resist the slightest interference with it in the States where it exists."
  • 21. Panic of 1837 Pet banks became Wild Cats Inflation In late 1836 – Jackson would only accept specie (gold & silver) By 1837 – banks stopped accepting paper money (1/3 people unemployed) Martin Van Buren Clip
  • 22. Van Buren’s Reactions 1) Decrease Federal Spending…. Result – even lower prices (Take notes Obama) 2) Set up Independent Treasury… Result – caused short term panic (gold & silver only) 3) Independent Treasury w/ paper $... Success but too late
  • 23. 1838 Texas applies to be annexed by the US Slavery issue?
  • 24. cherokee nation Trail of Tears 1838 President Van Buren 1 out of 4 died on the journey Gen. Winfield Scott Allotment Act
  • 25. Tippecanoe & Tyler Too