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Jacksonian Democracy

The Early 1830’s
Andrew
Jackson on
Indian
Removal and
Secession

Don’t Mess with Andrew Jackson
Tariffs
1828 – “Tariff of Abominations”
South Carolina Exposition
Nullfication
Webster – Hayne Debates
Federal
Government
...
What to do with the Natives?
Assimilate
5 Civilized Tribes
Cherokee, Choctaw,
Seminole, Creek,
Chickasaw

Remove
The Black Hawk War

Chief Back Hawk of
the Sauk led a
confederacy in the
fight against settlers.
1832 more then 200
Sauk &...
Potawatomie?
Indian Removal Act of 1830
90 “treaties”
1830 – Choctaw – Miss. (treaty)
1833 - Sauk & Fox – Ill. & Mich. (Forced)
1832 – ...
Worcester v Georgia?
1832 (offered $5M)
Samuel Austin
Worcester – Why
him?
John Marshall vs.
Andrew Jackson
Mr. Marshall h...
Texas
Jackson offers Mexico $5M for Texas
Bank of the United States
Andrew Jackson fights the Bank

In 1832 – Clay & Webster push through
recharter of BUS (still go...
Election of 1832
Jackson
defeats
Henry Clay
He lost
South
Carolina…
1832 – Jackson pulls funds from BUS
Pet Banks? Biddle’s Revenge?
1832
Calhoun resigns as VP
Replaced by Sec of State Martin Van Buren
Tariff of 1832 – SC nullifies it
1833

1833 – Force Bill
1833 – Henry Clay saves the
day!
New tariff – gradually lower

I’m Henry Clay
the “Deal Making
Man...
1833
Stephen Austin goes to Mexico City to
request self government
Santa Anna arrests him
Birth of the Whigs (1834)
American System (Tariffs, Roads, BUS)

Adams

Clay

Webster
Treaty of New Echota
1835 - Treaty of New Echota
1838 – 20,000 Cherokee are still in GA.
1836
The Alamo
Republic of Texas
1836 – Battle of Goliad
& San Jacinto
– Sam Houston
Election of 1836
Van Buren’s Inaugural Address
"I must go into the Presidential chair the
inflexible and uncompromising opponent
of every a...
Panic of 1837
Pet banks became Wild Cats
Inflation
In late 1836 – Jackson would only accept
specie (gold & silver)
By 1837...
Van Buren’s Reactions
1) Decrease Federal Spending….
Result – even lower prices
(Take notes Obama)
2) Set up Independent T...
1838 Texas applies to be
annexed by the
US
Slavery issue?
cherokee
nation

Trail of Tears

1838
President
Van Buren

1 out of 4 died on the journey

Gen.
Winfield
Scott
Allotment A...
Tippecanoe &
Tyler Too
Jacksonian democracy
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Transcript of "Jacksonian democracy"

  1. 1. Jacksonian Democracy The Early 1830’s Andrew Jackson on Indian Removal and Secession Don’t Mess with Andrew Jackson
  2. 2. Tariffs 1828 – “Tariff of Abominations” South Carolina Exposition Nullfication Webster – Hayne Debates Federal Government now, Federal Government forever! Calhoun States Rights!!!
  3. 3. What to do with the Natives? Assimilate 5 Civilized Tribes Cherokee, Choctaw, Seminole, Creek, Chickasaw Remove
  4. 4. The Black Hawk War Chief Back Hawk of the Sauk led a confederacy in the fight against settlers. 1832 more then 200 Sauk & Fox were slaughtered and sent to Mississippi.
  5. 5. Potawatomie?
  6. 6. Indian Removal Act of 1830 90 “treaties” 1830 – Choctaw – Miss. (treaty) 1833 - Sauk & Fox – Ill. & Mich. (Forced) 1832 – Chickasaw – Ala. & Miss. (Forced) 1832 – Cherokee say “No” – lawsuit? "It will seperate the indians from immediate contact with settlements of whites; enable them to pusue happiness in their own way and under their own rude institutions; will retard the progress of decay, which is lessening their numbers, and perhaps cause them gradually, under the protection of the government and through the influences of good counsels, to cast off their savage habits and become an interesting, civilized, and christian community." – Andrew Jackson
  7. 7. Worcester v Georgia? 1832 (offered $5M) Samuel Austin Worcester – Why him? John Marshall vs. Andrew Jackson Mr. Marshall has made his decision. Now let him enforce it.
  8. 8. Texas Jackson offers Mexico $5M for Texas
  9. 9. Bank of the United States Andrew Jackson fights the Bank In 1832 – Clay & Webster push through recharter of BUS (still good until 1836) Jackson vetoes the Bill - Nicholas Biddle
  10. 10. Election of 1832 Jackson defeats Henry Clay He lost South Carolina…
  11. 11. 1832 – Jackson pulls funds from BUS Pet Banks? Biddle’s Revenge?
  12. 12. 1832 Calhoun resigns as VP Replaced by Sec of State Martin Van Buren Tariff of 1832 – SC nullifies it
  13. 13. 1833 1833 – Force Bill 1833 – Henry Clay saves the day! New tariff – gradually lower I’m Henry Clay the “Deal Making Man”
  14. 14. 1833 Stephen Austin goes to Mexico City to request self government Santa Anna arrests him
  15. 15. Birth of the Whigs (1834) American System (Tariffs, Roads, BUS) Adams Clay Webster
  16. 16. Treaty of New Echota 1835 - Treaty of New Echota 1838 – 20,000 Cherokee are still in GA.
  17. 17. 1836 The Alamo
  18. 18. Republic of Texas 1836 – Battle of Goliad & San Jacinto – Sam Houston
  19. 19. Election of 1836
  20. 20. Van Buren’s Inaugural Address "I must go into the Presidential chair the inflexible and uncompromising opponent of every attempt on the part of Congress to abolish slavery i n the District of Columbia against the wishes of the slaveholding States, and also with a determination equally decided to resist the slightest interference with it in the States where it exists."
  21. 21. Panic of 1837 Pet banks became Wild Cats Inflation In late 1836 – Jackson would only accept specie (gold & silver) By 1837 – banks stopped accepting paper money (1/3 people unemployed) Martin Van Buren Clip
  22. 22. Van Buren’s Reactions 1) Decrease Federal Spending…. Result – even lower prices (Take notes Obama) 2) Set up Independent Treasury… Result – caused short term panic (gold & silver only) 3) Independent Treasury w/ paper $... Success but too late
  23. 23. 1838 Texas applies to be annexed by the US Slavery issue?
  24. 24. cherokee nation Trail of Tears 1838 President Van Buren 1 out of 4 died on the journey Gen. Winfield Scott Allotment Act
  25. 25. Tippecanoe & Tyler Too
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