Essential Questions
1. What national issues emerged in
the process of closing the
western frontier?
2. Why does the West h...
Key Tensions
Native
Americans

Cattlemen

Ranchers

Buffalo Hunters
Railroads
U. S. Government

Sheep Herders

Farmers
Key Tensions
Ethnic
Minorities

Nativists

Environmentalists

Lawlessness of
the Frontier

Big Business Interests
[mining,...
Railroad Construction
“The Big Four” Railroad Magnates

Charles Crocker

Collis Huntington

Mark Hopkins

Leland Stanford
Promontory Point, UT
(May 10, 1869)
The Bronc Buster

Frederick Remington
Black Cowboys
Colt .45 Revolver

God didn’t make men equal.
Colonel Colt did!
Legendary Gunslingers & Train
Robbers

Jesse James
Billy the Kid
Dodge City Peace Commission,
1890
Prospecting
Mining Centers:
1900
Anaconda Copper Mining Co. (MT)
Mining (“Boom”) Towns-Now Ghost Towns

Calico, CA
The
Cattle
Trails
Land Use: 1880s
New Agricultural
Technology
Steel Plow [“Sod Buster”]

“Prairie Fan”
Water Pump
Barbed Wire

Joseph Glidden
The Range Wars
Sheep
Herders

Cattle
Ranchers
Regional Population Distribution
by Race: 1900
Regional Population Distribution
by Race: 1900
Black
“Exoduster”
Homesteader
s
Blacks Moving West
The Buffalo Soldiers on the Great
Plains
A Romantic View
The Buffalo Soldiers & the Indian Wars
The “Chinese Question”

 Exclusion Act (1882)
- Oriental Exclusion Act
- Chinese Exclusion Act
The Tong Wars: 1850s-1920s

Began in San Francisco in 1875.
African American & Chinese
Populations:
1880-1900
Frontier Settlements: 1870-1890
Homesteads From Public Lands
1887
Land
Promotion
Poster
for the
Dakota
Territories
What is the Message of this Picture?
The Realty--A Pioneer’s Sod House,
SD
Rain Follows the Plow!
Frederick Jackson Turner

The Significance of the Frontier
in American Society (1893)
Newlands Reclamation Act (1902)

Francis Newlands
The Traditional View of the West
William “Buffalo Bill”
Cody’s Wild West Show
“Buffalo Bill” Cody & Sitting Bull
Legendary Female Western
Characters

Calamity Jane

Annie Oakley
The Fall of the Cowboy
Frederick Remington
Destruction of the Buffalo Herds

The near extinction of the buffalo.
Yellowstone National Park

First national park
established in 1872.
National Parks
Conservation Movement

John Muir
With President
Theodore Roosevelt
Sierra Club

Founded in 1892
Closing thewesternfrontier
Closing thewesternfrontier
Closing thewesternfrontier
Closing thewesternfrontier
Closing thewesternfrontier
Closing thewesternfrontier
Closing thewesternfrontier
Closing thewesternfrontier
Closing thewesternfrontier
Closing thewesternfrontier
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Closing thewesternfrontier

  1. 1. Essential Questions 1. What national issues emerged in the process of closing the western frontier? 2. Why does the West hold such an important place in the American imagination? 3. In what ways is the West romanticized in American culture?
  2. 2. Key Tensions Native Americans Cattlemen Ranchers Buffalo Hunters Railroads U. S. Government Sheep Herders Farmers
  3. 3. Key Tensions Ethnic Minorities Nativists Environmentalists Lawlessness of the Frontier Big Business Interests [mining, timber] Local Govt. Officials Farmers Buffalo Hunters “Civilizing” Forces [The “Romance” of the West]
  4. 4. Railroad Construction
  5. 5. “The Big Four” Railroad Magnates Charles Crocker Collis Huntington Mark Hopkins Leland Stanford
  6. 6. Promontory Point, UT (May 10, 1869)
  7. 7. The Bronc Buster Frederick Remington
  8. 8. Black Cowboys
  9. 9. Colt .45 Revolver God didn’t make men equal. Colonel Colt did!
  10. 10. Legendary Gunslingers & Train Robbers Jesse James Billy the Kid
  11. 11. Dodge City Peace Commission, 1890
  12. 12. Prospecting
  13. 13. Mining Centers: 1900
  14. 14. Anaconda Copper Mining Co. (MT)
  15. 15. Mining (“Boom”) Towns-Now Ghost Towns Calico, CA
  16. 16. The Cattle Trails
  17. 17. Land Use: 1880s
  18. 18. New Agricultural Technology Steel Plow [“Sod Buster”] “Prairie Fan” Water Pump
  19. 19. Barbed Wire Joseph Glidden
  20. 20. The Range Wars Sheep Herders Cattle Ranchers
  21. 21. Regional Population Distribution by Race: 1900
  22. 22. Regional Population Distribution by Race: 1900
  23. 23. Black “Exoduster” Homesteader s
  24. 24. Blacks Moving West
  25. 25. The Buffalo Soldiers on the Great Plains
  26. 26. A Romantic View
  27. 27. The Buffalo Soldiers & the Indian Wars
  28. 28. The “Chinese Question”  Exclusion Act (1882) - Oriental Exclusion Act - Chinese Exclusion Act
  29. 29. The Tong Wars: 1850s-1920s Began in San Francisco in 1875.
  30. 30. African American & Chinese Populations: 1880-1900
  31. 31. Frontier Settlements: 1870-1890
  32. 32. Homesteads From Public Lands
  33. 33. 1887 Land Promotion Poster for the Dakota Territories
  34. 34. What is the Message of this Picture?
  35. 35. The Realty--A Pioneer’s Sod House, SD
  36. 36. Rain Follows the Plow!
  37. 37. Frederick Jackson Turner The Significance of the Frontier in American Society (1893)
  38. 38. Newlands Reclamation Act (1902) Francis Newlands
  39. 39. The Traditional View of the West
  40. 40. William “Buffalo Bill” Cody’s Wild West Show
  41. 41. “Buffalo Bill” Cody & Sitting Bull
  42. 42. Legendary Female Western Characters Calamity Jane Annie Oakley
  43. 43. The Fall of the Cowboy Frederick Remington
  44. 44. Destruction of the Buffalo Herds The near extinction of the buffalo.
  45. 45. Yellowstone National Park First national park established in 1872.
  46. 46. National Parks
  47. 47. Conservation Movement John Muir With President Theodore Roosevelt
  48. 48. Sierra Club Founded in 1892

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