In many cases, there is more than one creation narrative per culture, or at least more than one variation. I have only used one of the versions for my comparison, but it is good to keep in mind there are more.
Babylonian The Babylonian Empire http://warandgame.files.wordpress.com/2008/09/babylofn.jpg
One of the stone tablets, written in Mesopotamian cuneiform script dated from about 700 BC http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.bible-history.com/past/images/babylonian_creation_myth_clay_tablet.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.bibleistory.com/past/babylonian_creation_myth_clay_tablet.html&usg=__bjwAAId7YUVVDmUwkvzxZrLh7d0=&h=418&w=300&sz=45&hl=en&start=1&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=9HJHpr1GV9JYQM:&tbnh=125&tbnw=90&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dbabylonian%2Bcreation%2Bmyth%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN%26rlz%3D1C1GGGE_enUS353US353%26tbs%3Disch:1
ApsuTiamat God of fresh waterGoddess of the sea married Gods of boundary between earth and sea Great-Grandfather Anshar Kishar Ea Damkina Marduk God of Spring
Marduk creates - Earth and sky by splitting Tiamat’s head open - Rain from Tiamat’s spit - Babylon as an “audience room” - Humans from the blood and bone of Kingu because he sparked Tiamat’s rebellion Marduk creating the world http://www.doing-fine.com/images/world-5.gif
Egyptians Ra, the sun god http://www.mythencyclopedia.com/images/mlw_0001_0004_0_img0171.jpg
Nu Bubbling, churning waters, not given a gender Gave rise to Ra (aka Atum) The sun god – emerged in a lotus created -Light -Shu (God of air) and Tefnut (Goddess of rain) Ra emerging from the lotus http://www.freewebs.com/garyosborn/Lotus.jpg
The living creatures were created by Khnum on his pottery wheel, and Ra breathed life into them.
The Egyptians believe that the lotus closes at night with Ra inside, thus creating darkness. Ra is the light of the world.
Greeks Ancient Greece http://www.greecemapxl.com/images/greece-ancient-map.jpg
Darkness (Chaos) Nyx(giant bird) Eros God of love Laid a golden egg Shell split in half Uranus god of the sky Gaia goddess of earth http://cosmicbreezes.com/images/gaia2.jpg
Uranus Gaia Gave birth to Worried his children would overthrow him so he ate them all except Titans (race of giants) Kronos Rhea Zeus Because Rhea hid him and fed Kronosa rock wrapped in a blanket Kronos eating his children http://arttoscience.org/Arttoscience2/kronos.gif
A war was waged against Kronos, and Zeus and his siblings won. Kronos’ fear became reality.
The younger gods took over the Earth. Zeus assigned the task of filling it with people to his son Prometheus (means forethought) and filling it with animals to his sonEpimetheus(means afterthought).
Epimetheus gave all the gifts of the universe to the animals and had none left over for humans. Prometheus made up for this by stealing fire, which was meant for the gods only and giving it to humans. Prometheus stealing fire http://imagecache.allposters.com/images/pic/BRGPOD/32138~Prometheus-Carrying-Fire-Posters.jpg
Zeus became angry when he heard that humans had fire, so he created a woman named Pandora and gave her the gift of curiosity and a box that he warned her never to open.
Pandora married Epimetheus and eventually, opened her box.
Inside were all the evils of the world, along with hope.
Pandora opening her box http://media.photobucket.com/image/prometheus%20and%20epimetheus%20creating%20life/Neva37/pandora_large-1.jpg
Hindu Vast ocean of nothingness with cobra in the middle coiled around Lord Vishnu Humming noise began Energy Light Brahma and Vishnu http://api.ning.com/files/WpaiUGhUGkbiQoMJ50KOv1CtoYM6uunijIsUkOln6Fhr-o3cT7F7cY49YE7trOayjj5F8O3XVUL3nGf0PbkNXX8Z*2ZqkSdC/941LakshmiVishnu.jpg The light caused a lotus flower to bloom out of Vishnu, and in that flower sat Brahma.
This is where the myth gets a little fuzzy – the human creation.
Many of the myths seem to agree on the fact that Brahma’s body was used to create humans. Depending on the story, he either gave his body willingly, was cut up into tiny pieces, or used parts of himself to create people.
Norse Norse land http://www.windows.ucar.edu/mythology/images/norse_frame.jpg
It started with nothing but a huge gap bordered on the north by a land of cold named Niflheim and bordered on the south by the land of fire named Muspellsheim.
Land of cold - Niflheim Spot where Ymir and Audumla were formed Huge gap Land of fire - Muspellsheim Some of the rivers of fire flowing from the north became posioned and covered by frost from the south, forming the giant Ymir. He became the father of all giants.
The same way he was born, so was a giant cow named Audumla. Her milk nourished Ymir. To feed herself, she licked the salt from the ice. She licked so much that eventually a god was formed named Buri, who was the father of Bor. Audumla creating Buri http://www.blurtit.com/var/question/q/q8/q83/q831/q8315/q8315609_1573958_302_norse
Bor’s grandsons raised up Ymir’s body and situated it across the huge gap between the north and the south. This became Earth. Buri Bor Bestla Odin Vili Ve Rebelled against giants and Ymir http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/b/bc/Odin_and_his_brothers_create_the_world.jpg
There is a tree of life called Yggdrasill that connects all the planes of existence that is cared for by three fates.
It is said that on the day of the end, called Ragnarok, the earth will cease to exist. The tree of life will fall and there will be nothing once again.
The Norse World and the Tree of Life http://wwwstatic.kern.org/DHS/images/BillBaugher/norseworld.jpg
Big Bang and Evolution Theory This is just a theory. There are many others besides this one, but this is the most widely accepted. I am using this just as I would another creation story, although it is more on the level of reason and intellect than the other stories.
Timeline of Earth according to Big Bang Theory (millions of years ago) 4450 4000 2400 670 150 114 ? 0.25 First marine life First humans First plants First birds First land mammals Light Earth water Notice anything interesting about the progression?
What does this mean? “Many, like Friedrich Delitzsch, have drawn ‘sharp attention to the Babylonian ingredient in Genesis, and [have proceeded] to conclude that the Bible was guilty of crass plagiarism.’ ” (wesleycrouser.wordpress.com)
What does this mean? “The historian can prove that the fall of Rome was credited partly to the rise of Christianity, and the Christianity that we know today had to start from somewhere. One may even go so far as to say the stories in the bible are stories of Greek mythology changed to suit the belief system of new religion; Christianity.” (hubpages.com)
What does this mean? “One of the two Bible creation myths was probably derived from the much older Mesopotamian creation myth "EnumaElish". The six days of creation in the Genesis myth parallel the six generations of gods in the EnumaElish myth” (meta-religion.com)
"The Bible and Greek Mythology." HubPages. Web. 07 Mar. 2010. <http://hubpages.com/hub/the-bible-and-greek-mythology>.
"A Comparison of Creation Narratives." Theological Musings. Web. 07 Mar. 2010. <http://wesleycrouser.wordpress.com/2007/11/10/a-comparison-of-creation-narratives/>.
"Genesis and EnumaElish." Multidisciplinary View of the Religious, Spiritual and Esoteric Phenomena. Web. 07 Mar. 2010. <http://meta-religion.com/World_Religions/Ancient_religions/Mesopotamia/genesis_and_enuma_elish_creation.htm>.