Essay Writing

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essay writing

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  • 1. Essay Writing HOW TO EXPAND AND EXPLAIN YOUR IDEAS EFFECTIVELY
  • 2. Review Paragraph Basics Before we get ahead of ourselves, let’s review paragraph basics. What are the main components of a paragraph? 1) Topic Sentence 2) Reason #1 and example 3) Reason #2 and example 4) Reason #3 and example 5) Concluding Sentence
  • 3. Expanding Ideas In essay writing, we want to expand our ideas as much as possible, while STILL following paragraph structure. The only difference is that the THREE REASONS in your original paragraph get their OWN paragraph Additionally, you introduce and conclude your writing into separate paragraphs THIS MEANS YOU ARE WRITING FIVE PARAGRAPHS
  • 4. Did you say FIVE paragraphs?
  • 5. Five Paragraphs! It’s easy! You follow the SAME structure as before, and use the SAME ideas as before, you just use more examples and explanation to prove to the reader that your opinion is correct. The only real new parts are the introduction paragraph and conclusion paragraph that introduce and conclude your ideas, respectively
  • 6. How Do I Do It? Part 1 Start out with what would typically be your topic sentence as your main opinion statement – or your “THESIS”. Your thesis is the main idea that will control your opinion. For example, a thesis would be something like: “School uniforms should be mandatory in schools.”
  • 7. No “I” in Essay Writing You may be thinking that you would have included “I” in a topic sentence, such as “I believe school uniforms should be mandatory in schools.” When you want to be persuasive, you need to make your opinion sound like a FACT in order for the reader to believe you Your thesis statement becomes a fact “School uniforms should be mandatory in schools.” It is still your opinion, you just take out “I believe.” This also means no use of personal pronouns, like “you,” “we,” “our,” “my,” etc. “They” is allowed.
  • 8. How Do I Do It? Part 2 Next, use the Persuasive Writing Organizer to plan out your ideas and explanations Your Introduction Paragraph briefly informs the reader of what to expect in the essay. Start off with a general topic sentence, mention your three reasons (without a lot of detail), and then state your thesis. NOTE: Your thesis is the LAST sentence of the introduction paragraph
  • 9. Persuasive Essay Organizer for Introduction Paragraph
  • 10. How Do I Do It? Part 3 Your topic sentences for the body paragraphs should look something like this: “Firstly, uniforms should be implemented because they will make schools safer.” Your explanation will explain WHY schools will become safer if uniforms are implemented, as well as examples of what would happen.
  • 11. How Do I Do It? Part 4 You must also have a concluding sentence that connects back to your “thesis” – such as: “Therefore, uniforms make schools safer and should be a requirement in schools.” Each body paragraph should be 5-8 sentences long, and include a topic sentence, explanation and examples, and a concluding sentence.
  • 12. Persuasive Essay Organizer for Body Paragraphs
  • 13. Persuasive Essay Organizer for Body Paragraphs
  • 14. How Do I Do It? Part 5 Your conclusion paragraph briefly reminds the reader about your ideas, and why they should believe you. The first sentence is a restatement of your thesis using fresh language and a different order of the words Then you list your three reasons with a bit of detail (an example from the paragraph) You end the paragraph with some general final thoughts on the topic
  • 15. Persuasive Essay Organizer for Conclusion Paragraph
  • 16. Let’s Recap Persuasive Essay Writing is meant to persuade the reader that your opinion is correct It does not include “I believe,” but rather a firm statement that changes your opinion into a FACT It has an Introduction paragraph, stating your topic, 3 reasons and your thesis It has three specific reasons that are separated into three separate paragraphs
  • 17. Let’s Recap It expands on your ideas, and adds further explanation and examples Each paragraph has a concluding sentence that connects back to the thesis It has a Conclusion paragraph that restates your thesis in different words, your 3 reasons, and general concluding comments