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Private International Legal Research An Introduction.

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  • NOTE: Exercise #5 is due today. We will be discussing the research plan next Monday (2/23). Please come w/any questions that you might have then. **Handout on prevalence of citation(s) to Int’l Law, especially the CISG (many disputes now!).
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    • 1. Private International Legal Research: An Introduction. ALR – International Law February 18, 2004
    • 2. What is private international law?
      • The body of international law that governs mainly commercial and business disputes among countries or private parties.
      • International jurisdiction through treaty application or national courts apply concepts of international law, depending on the type of dispute (could be several claims in one suit).
      • Three levels of international trade agreements: bilateral relationships, multilateral relationships, supranational relationships, and regional agreements.
    • 3. Starting Research in this area:
      • Consult a research guide, bibliography, or website with a collection of links for the subject matter.
      • Locate the applicable International Agreements/Treaties.
      • Look for laws, regulations, restrictions, and special arrangements in the country that has jurisdiction over the claim.
    • 4. UNCITRAL – UN Commission for International Trade Law.
      • Website – http://www.uncitral.org .
      • Significant work toward the harmonization of private international law.
      • UNCITRAL site has primary documents and status information about established int’l instruments (e.g.CISG).
      • Numerous translations of documents (French, Spanish, Arabic, Chinese, and Russian).
    • 5. UNIDROIT – Int’l Institute for the Unification of Private Law.
      • Traces its origins to the League of Nations.
      • Official Site: http://www.unidroit.org .
      • Best-known accomplishment = UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts.
      • Status Information / Current Projects.
    • 6. Hague Conference on Private International Law and Conventions:
      • Active in development of conventions in various areas of private law ( e.g. conflict of laws to intercountry adoption).
      • Website: http://www.hcch.net/e/index.html .
      • Full-text conventions, status and bibliographic information, and explanatory reports, when available.
      • Translations of conventions: http://www.hcch.net/e/conventions/translat.html .
    • 7. Private Int’l Law in the U.S.
      • UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG).
      • CISG and UNIDROIT principles – Pace University School of law website.
      • http://cisgw3.law.pace.edu - CISG database (contains annotated text of the CISG).
      • Int’l Sales Law – UNILEX ( http://www.unilex.info ).
    • 8. Other places to start research after establishing topic . . .
      • Research Guides.
      • Bibliographies.
      • Web Collections.
    • 9. Web Collections:
      • Hieros Gamos, “Guide to Global Trade Law” - http://www.hg.org/trade.html .
      • Georgetown University, “Researching Int’l Economic Law on the Internet” - http://www.ll.georgetown.edu/intl/iiel/home. htm .
      • WorldTradeLaw.net: The Online Source for World Trade Law - http://www.worldtradelaw.net .
    • 10. International Agreement Collections:
      • Lex Mercatoria - http://www.lexmercatoria.org/ .
      • Fletcher’s Multilaterals Project, “Trade and Commercial Relations” - http://fletcher.tufts.edu/multi/trade.html .
      • Foreign Trade Information Center, OAS - http://www.sice.oas.org/default.asp .
      • Private Int’l Law Database (U.S. Dept. of State) - http://www.state.gov/s/l/c3452. htm .
      • Juris International - http://www.jurisint.org/pub/ .
    • 11. Major Multilateral and Regional Agreements:
      • Andean Community - http://www.comunidadandina.org/endex. htm .
      • CARICOM - http://www.caricom.org/ .
      • European Free Trade Association (EFTA) - http://secretariat.efta.int/ .
      • Free Trade of the Americas (FTAA) - http://www.ftaa-alca.org/ .
      • MERCOSUR (IDRC site of Canada) - http://www.idrc.ca/lacro/investigacion/mercosur.html .
    • 12. Other Considerations . . .
      • Major international organizations involved in trade and related issues.
      • U.S. Government Resources.
      • Country Guides ( e.g. “Doing Business in…).
      • Statistics – EUROSTAT: http://europa.eu.int/comm/eurostat/ .
      • ARBITRATION / DISPUTE SETTLEMENT…
    • 13. Int’l Commercial Arbitration -
      • An important component of private international law.
      • TYPES: “ad hoc” vs. “institutional” international arbitration.
      • Background information on Int’l Dispute Settlement (Harvard) - http://www.cid.harvard.edu/cidtrade/issues/dispute.html .
    • 14. Reasons for Choosing Arbitration…
      • Distrust of a foreign legal system by one or more parties.
      • Avoid long delays in court systems.
      • Resolution of dispute by someone w/expertise in a particular business.
      • Exercise more control by specifying governing rules.
      • Avoid problem of lack of int’l standard on the enforceability of foreign judgments.
    • 15. Types of Arbitration -
      • Institutional vs. Ad Hoc (mentioned above).
      • State vs. Private Parties.
      • Specialized vs. General Purpose Institutions.
    • 16. Treaties -
      • Aim to facilitate international commercial arbitration across national borders.
      • United Nations Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards of 1958 (New York Convention), 330 U.N.T.S. 3, 21 U.S.T. 2517 (June 10, 1958).
      • Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes Between States and Nationals of Other States (Washington Convention), 575 U.N.T.S. 159, 17 U.S.T. 1270 (March 18, 1965).
    • 17. Major Arbitral Institutions -
      • Permanent Court of Arbitration – http://www.pca-cpa.org .
      • Int’l Center for the Settlement of Investment Disputes – http://www.worldbank.org/icsid/ .
      • International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) - http://www.iccwbo.org/index_court.asp .
      • London Court of International Arbitration (LCIA) – http://www.lcia-arbitration.com/lcia/lcia/index. htm .
      • American Arbitration Association (AAA) – http://www.adr.org/index2.1. jsp .
      • WWW Virtual Library Arbitration - http://www.interarb.com/vl/pages/ .
    • 18. Arbitration Rules -
      • Mayer, Brown, Rowe & Maw’s Int’l Arbitration site - http://www.interarbitration.net .
      • ICSID Rules of Arbitration/Conciliation - http://www.worldbank.org/icsid/basicdoc/basicdoc. htm .
      • LCIA Rules – http://www.lcia-arbitration.com/lcia/arb/index. htm .
      • ICC Rules – http://www.iccwbo.org/court/english/rules/rules.asp .
      • UNCITRAL Rules – http://www.uncitral.org/english/texts/arbitration/adrindex. htm .
    • 19. Decisions/Awards -
      • Often difficult to locate, even in print, in libraries.
      • ICSID provides the full-text of selected cases and awards - http://www.worldbank.org/icsid/cases/cases. htm .
      • Abstracts/Decisions for UNCITRAL texts are available through the “CLOUT” database - http://www.uncitral.org/english/clout/index. htm .
    • 20. Internet Resources & Online Databases:
      • American Arbitration Association - http://www.adr.org/index2.1. jsp .
      • International Chamber of Commerce - http://www.iccwbo.org/home/menu_international_arbitration.asp .
      • London Court of International Arbitration (LCIA) - http://www.lcia-arbitration.com/lcia/arb/index. htm .
      • LEXIS / Westlaw (Releases in July 2003).
    • 21. BNA – Int’l Trade Reporter
      • Available at http://www.bna.com/ (on-campus) or through the Law Library’s “Electronic Resources” page/”Databases and Subscriptions.”
      • General Search Engine (plus advanced); Search by Topic; Search by Case Citation.
      • Also, separate databases searchable within Lexis/Westlaw (must have a subscription).
      • In print (Law Lib. HF3000.I57).
    • 22. Westlaw Databases:
      • http://lawschool.westlaw.com .
      • All Databases > International/Worldwide Materials > Multi-National Materials > “Rules and Regulations” (includes arbitral rules).
      • All Databases > International/Worldwide Materials > Multi-National Materials > “Cases” (includes commercial arbitral cases – “ICA-CASES”).
      • Treatise = “International Commercial Arbitration - Commentary”; Also, International Commercial Arbitration Treaties: “ICA-TREATIES”.
    • 23. Lexis Databases:
      • http://lexis.com .
      • ADR Tab > “Legal News” > “International Arbitration: Mealey’s Litigation Report” (1993-present).
      • ADR Tab > “Model ADR Practices and Procedures” > “CPR Institute for Dispute Resolution” > “Int’l ADR”.
      • ADR Tab > “Law Reviews & Journals” – includes some int’l coverage (e.g. Central and Eastern Europe).
      • Under “Legal/Excluding U.S.”, you can find “Int’l Arbitration: Mealey’s Litigation Report” under specific country’s materials (e.g. UK).
    • 24. ASIL Publications/Membership:
      • http://www.asil.org/bulletin. htm . A Guide to Int’l Electronic Resources.
      • http://www.asil.org/member. htm . Student Membership = $30.
      • http://www.asil.org/ . 98 th Annual Meeting – March 31 st -April 3 rd .