Philippines C R


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Philippines C R

  1. 1. THE PHILIPPINE HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM : A SITUATIONER ATTY. JULITO D. VITRIOLO Deputy Executive Director IV Commission on Higher Education September 2007
  2. 2. HE : Features & Considerations <ul><li>Quality and affordable education with a broad range of disciplines and large number of higher education institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Globally-competitive graduates : medicine, nursing, agriculture, engineering, architecture, maritime education, accountancy, hotel and restaurant management, teacher education and information technology </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Use of English as a medium of instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Rich history and culture </li></ul><ul><li>Breathtaking scenery of tourist spots </li></ul><ul><li>Vibrant democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Warm and friendly people </li></ul><ul><li>Good facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Excellent entertainment </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>7,107 islands </li></ul><ul><li>Asia’s beach capital: variety of marine life and water attractions </li></ul><ul><li>Numerous places of wonder, such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>world heritage site of Banaue Rice Terraces </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1,268 Chocolate Hills of Bohol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Walled City” in Manila </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Climate – March to May is hot and dry. June to October is rainy, November to February is cool. Average temperatures: 78°F / 25°C to 90°F / 32°C; humidity is 77%. </li></ul>OTHER FEATURES
  5. 5. <ul><li>Unique Filipino culture: fusion of East and West </li></ul><ul><li>Filipino – national language </li></ul><ul><li>English – official language used for business, school, legal and government transactions </li></ul><ul><li>World-class facilities and services: first-class hotels, fine restaurants, modern shopping centers & communication services </li></ul>
  6. 6. Structure of Philippine Education System
  7. 7. Governance of the Philippine Education System <ul><li>Basic education – Department of Education (DepEd) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6-year elementary and 4-year secondary education is free </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-school education (nursery, kindergarten, preparatory and others) and 7 th grade are optional </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Post-secondary technical education and vocational education – Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>provide skills orientation training and development for a particular occupation or group of middle-level occupation </li></ul></ul>Governance …
  9. 9. Commission on Higher Education <ul><li>Higher education – Commission on Higher Education (CHED) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Established in 18 May 1994 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Republic Act 7722 “Higher Education Act of 1994” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oversees and provides the general policy environment for all colleges and universities: state, private, non-chartered public tertiary institutions </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><ul><li>CHED’s MAIN THRUST : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>make Philippine higher education globally competitive, responsive and relevant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to a rapidly changing global higher education landscape </li></ul></ul>Commission on Higher Education
  11. 11. Goals, Targets and Strategies <ul><li>Thematic goals and targets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Achieving quality and excellence in higher education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhancing access and equity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving relevance and responsiveness of higher education programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhancing efficiency and effectiveness of higher education </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Developmental and regulatory strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grant of technical and financial assistance to higher education institutions from proceeds of the Higher Education Development Fund </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strict implementation of policies and standards in higher education </li></ul></ul>Goals, Targets and Strategies
  13. 13. Challenges and Concerns <ul><li>Improve quality of higher education: lack of high level manpower for instruction and research; poor learning facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Upgrade graduate education and research </li></ul><ul><li>Match programs and graduates with development needs </li></ul><ul><li>Provide access to quality higher education to growing college population (16-22 yrs old) </li></ul><ul><li>Proliferation of HEIs and programs </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Top Higher Education Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>275 COEs/CODs </li></ul><ul><li>40 autonomous and 39 deregulated private HEIs </li></ul><ul><li>90 STCW compliant maritime institutions </li></ul><ul><li>303 HEIs with program accreditation granted by FAAP </li></ul>Philippine Higher Education System
  15. 15. <ul><li>Quality Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Compliance with CHED policies and standards </li></ul><ul><li>Updated/Revised polices, standards and guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Withdrawal of permits by CHED for non-compliance with standards </li></ul><ul><li>Phase-out of programs with low-performance of graduates in professional examinations </li></ul>Philippine Higher Education System
  16. 16. <ul><li>Quality Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Voluntary accreditation through self and peer evaluation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accreditation – mechanism to ensure quality in an educational system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools acquire a seal of approval from peers in the academic world </li></ul></ul>Philippine Higher Education System
  17. 17. <ul><li>Quality Graduates </li></ul><ul><li>Competent and productive workers </li></ul><ul><li>Medicine, nursing, engineering, architecture, maritime education, accountancy, hotel and restaurant management, teacher education, agriculture, and information technology </li></ul>Philippine Higher Education System
  18. 18. <ul><li>International Comparability </li></ul><ul><li>APEC Engineer Register </li></ul><ul><li>IMO White List; passed STCW 95’ standards </li></ul><ul><li>Ratification of Regional Convention on the Recognition of Studies, Diplomas, and Degrees in Higher Education in Asia Pacific Region </li></ul>Philippine Higher Education System
  19. 19. <ul><li>Academic Calendar </li></ul><ul><li>Academic year begins in June and ends the following March </li></ul><ul><li>Most schools conduct classes in two semesters ( some trimestral basis) </li></ul><ul><li>First semester lasts from June to October </li></ul><ul><li>Second semester from November to March </li></ul><ul><li>Summer classes from 3 rd week of April to 3 rd week of May </li></ul>Philippine Higher Education System
  20. 20. <ul><li>Admission Requirements for Undergraduate Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Complied with secondary education requirement </li></ul><ul><li>Passed university admission test </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluated and found to be qualified to take up collegiate courses </li></ul><ul><li>Legal education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4-year baccalaureate degree </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Certificate of Eligibility for Admission to Law </li></ul></ul>Philippine Higher Education System
  21. 21. <ul><li>Admission Requirements for Undergraduate Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Dentistry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2-year pre-dental education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Certificate of Eligibility for Admission to Dentistry </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Medicine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4-year baccalaureate degree </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Medical Admission test </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Certificate of Eligibility for Admission to Medicine </li></ul></ul>Philippine Higher Education System
  22. 22. <ul><li>Immigration Requirements and Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Submit to Philippine college or university </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student’s Personal History Statement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transcript of Records/Scholastic Records authenticated by the Philippine Foreign Service Post (PFSP) located in the applicant’s country or origin or legal residence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proof of adequate support to cover living and education expenses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Authenticated photocopy of student’s passport showing date and place of birth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Authenticated birth certificate or its equivalent </li></ul></ul>Philippine Higher Education System
  23. 23. <ul><li>Immigration Requirements and Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Accepting school submits Notice of Acceptance to the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) </li></ul><ul><li>DFA approves application and notifies Philippine Foreign Service Post concerned for the issuance of the student visa </li></ul><ul><li>DFA informs the accepting school upon approval of student visa </li></ul>Philippine Higher Education System
  24. 24. <ul><li>Immigration Requirements and Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Accepting school assists the student obtain Alien Certificate of Registration and Certificate of Residence for Temporary Students form the Bureau of Immigration upon his/her arrival in the Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>NOTE: </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign students already in the Philippines can convert their admission category to student visa following the same requirements </li></ul>Philippine Higher Education System
  25. 25. <ul><li>As of SY 2006-2007, there are 1,679 HEIs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>11% public HEIs : 176 : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>111SUCs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>50 LUCs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>15 OGSs, SSs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>89% private HEIs ( 1,503 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>As of 2006, total enrolment is approximately 2.4 million </li></ul><ul><li>More than 400,000 graduates per year </li></ul><ul><li>HEIs offer broad range of programs: associate, diploma, baccalaureate, and graduate degree courses </li></ul>Philippine Higher Education System SITUATIONER
  26. 26. <ul><li>As of SY 2004-2005, Business Administration and related programs account for the highest enrolment : 516,927 </li></ul><ul><li>Among the 9 priority disciplines, Medical and Allied professions has the highest enrolment : 445,729 </li></ul><ul><li>Other popular programs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Education and Teacher Training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineering and Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>N.B. IN 2007, THE ENROLLMENT IN MEDICAL & ALLIED PROFFESIONS : OVER 600,000 </li></ul></ul>Philippine Higher Education System SITUATIONER
  27. 27. <ul><li>As of SY 2004-2005, there were about 431,689 graduates, a greater number as compared to SY 2003-2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Business Administration and related programs account for the highest number of graduates – 101,119 </li></ul><ul><li>Among the 9 priority disciplines, Education and Teacher Training has the highest number of graduates – 80,199 </li></ul><ul><li>Other popular programs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineering and Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical and Allied professions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IT </li></ul></ul><ul><li>As of 2004-2005, there were 1,625 ETEEAP graduates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>956 – Criminal Justice Education graduates </li></ul></ul>SITUATIONER Philippine Higher Education System
  28. 28. <ul><li>As of CY 2006, there are 4 University Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>St. Paul University System </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>University of Perpetual Help System </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>University of Rizal System </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>University of the Philippines System </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>133 HEIs were granted University Status </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>49 public </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>84 private </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>40 HEIs were granted Autonomous Status (2001-2003) </li></ul><ul><li>39 HEIs were granted Deregulated Status (2001-2003) </li></ul>SITUATIONER Philippine Higher Education System
  29. 29. <ul><li>As of CY 2006, there are 1,560 Accredited programs HEIs </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Level IV – 2 (ADMU & DLSU) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Level III – 186 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Level II – 1,057 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Level I – 317 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>40 HEIs were awarded COE/COD for Science and Math </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>27 public </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>13 private </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>16 HEIs were awarded as COD </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>11 public </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>5 private </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>21 HEIs were awarded as COE </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>14 public </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>7 private </li></ul></ul></ul>SITUATIONER Philippine Higher Education System
  30. 30. <ul><li>There are currently 82 Maritime HEIs compliant with STCW’95 for BSMT and 69 for BSMarE nationwide </li></ul><ul><li>Regions VI and NCR have the most number of compliant Maritime HEIs </li></ul>Philippine Higher Education System SITUATIONER
  31. 31. <ul><li>As of SY 2005-2006, there were 21,060 scholarship grantees, a much lower number than SY 2003-2004 which had 52,013 total grantees </li></ul><ul><li>There are 4,836 foreign students in the country </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Majority of which are: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Koreans – 1,192 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese – 851 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>American – 681 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Iranian – 478 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Taiwanese – 376 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Indian – 238 </li></ul></ul></ul>Philippine Higher Education System SITUATIONER
  32. 32. <ul><li>PROGRAMS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quantitative and Qualitative Mismatch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specialization of Curricular Offerings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FACULTY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhancing Quality of Instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving Qualifications of Faculty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Augmenting Plantilla items for teachers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing compensation packages </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FINANCE/ RESOURCES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to engage in IGPs due to dwindling gov’t. subsidy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>GOVERNANCE FRAMEWORK </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amendment of RA 8292 & OTHER LAWS </li></ul></ul>Philippine Higher Education System ISSUES AND CONCERNS
  33. 33. <ul><li>Limit enrolment for popular courses </li></ul><ul><li>Attract enrollees for programs that are relevant and responsive in today’s industry needs thru scholarships, grants and other forms of incentives </li></ul><ul><li>Establish graduate school tie-ups with foreign universities </li></ul>Philippine Higher Education System Quantitative and Qualitative Mismatch Approaches:
  34. 34. <ul><li>Close down or phase-out programs with low performance in licensure exams </li></ul><ul><li>Re-engineer curricula to make it IT-enabled, market responsive and globally competitive </li></ul><ul><li>Adopt/ Implement the Ladderized Education System ( EO 358 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Offer Distance / Open Learning programs </li></ul>Philippine Higher Education System Quality & Relevance of Curricular Offerings Approaches: