Hi, everyone my name is Sophie, and today I am going to talk about citizen journalism in a mass-communication era. The article I read is from week 7’s reading. It analysed how londoners bore eyewitness during the london bombing attack and its implication to news gathering and our society as a whole. First of all, let go back
Give examples: journalists quickly pick up hits on Twitter/ Facebook/ BlogsphereLocal news can spread exponentially on a global level.
in order to bear witness to social incidences, argue or fact-check with mainstream media. GrassrootEveryday people who happen to be in the wrong place at the right times. Time lag, warrant to access
Flat internet worldImpossible in printHuman faces and emotional express. It is also a conduit for people to let out steams.Empowers people who have shared experiences of the disarserMoral debate about the snaparazzi:Crave for fame and influence. The nototrious Andy Warhol’s prediction – in the future everyone can be famous for 15 minutes. With the virture of SNS, people don’t need to wait for the ephemeral nature of the mass media to put them in the spotlight. They can make their own spotlight.
Presentation for MDIA5003
MDIA5003 online andmobile mediaCitizen journalism in amass-communicationeraSophie Li (Wei Li)Z3387727
On7th July, Thursday, 2005, four suicide bombers struck in central London, killing 52 people and injuring more than 770. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nuhBd Hc8Nqs
At the same time Among the first to break the news Created BBC’s reporters’ log: London explosion Created BBC London explosion: your accounts site Gathered insights from readers and bloggers Opened news blogs for readers to post stories Phonecam snapshot uploaded to moblog.co.uk and www.flickr.com Photos were tagged by words like ‘explosion’, ‘bombs’ and ‘London’ to make them more relevant on Flickr
Landmark effect Before London bomb attack, citizen journalism was an idea, after London, it had arrived. (Rob ONeill, The Age, July 11 2005)A considerable number of the most newsworthy images were taken by Londoners who happened to be in the wrong place at the right time.
Mass self-communication What it is?- The convergence of the horizontal networks of interactive communication between citizens and mass media, which is made possible by the diffusion of the Internet, mobile and digital media. What’s about it?- Network of ordinary digital citizens- User-generated content(UGC), self-directed emission, self-selected reception- Interactive space for plural perspectives- Local sources and its international engagement
Citizen journalism what it is ?- spontaneous actions of ordinary people who are compelled to adopt the role of journalists What is about it?- inside-out, bottom up- Bear witness, counter-discourse to mainstream media or fact-check- Restricted to online news and mostly used as a complementary source
Discussion Pros:1. People‟s platform and real-time dialogue2. Instant newsgathering3. Personalized dimensions4. Connectivity and public empowerment5. New stage of the oldest struggle in humankinds – the struggle to free our minds. Cons:1. Authenticity, objectivity and quality of amateur materials2. „SNAPARAZZI‟ and its moral concernsDefinition: Citizen journalists (passers-by) who are witness to a newsworthy event andcapture it as a photograph or on video. ‘We have moved well beyond Andy Warhol’s prediction … On the web, everyone can befamous for 15 people – or to 500,000.’‘We have entered an era in which the most sought-after attribute a person can possess isbroad appeal, which encourages some people to go to extraordinary lengths to attract thepublic spotlight. ’ - THE BIG MO
Activity Which one of the citizen journalism websites have you visited before?1. CNN Ireport2. WIKINEWS3. NOWPUBLIC4. Reporters without bordersPlease browse ANY OF THE TWO citizen journalism websites and makecomparisons in terms of: Interactivity user-friendliness multimedia self-regulation policy focused areas
Censorship tells the wrong storyTHE VOICE CAMPAIGN:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mx48zKeJxlQ&feature=player_embedded
Reference Allan, S. (2007). "Citizen Journalism and the Rise of “Mass Self-Communication”: Reporting the London Bombings." Global Media Journal(1). Stuart Allan*a, P. S. a. C. C. (2007). "Bearing witness: citizen journalism and human rights issues." Globalisation, Societies and Education 5(3): 373-389. YouTube (2007). "7/7 London bomb terrorist attack on bus." from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nuhBdHc8Nqs. BBC (2005). "BBC NEWS: Have you say - London Explosion: Your accounts." from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/talking_point/4659237.stm. BBC (2005). "BBC NEWS: Reporters Log: London explosions." from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/4659511.stm. Flickr (2005). "London Bombing." from www.flickr.com. Roeder, M. (2010). The Big Mo - Why Momentum Now Rules Our World. Sydney, HarperCollinsPublishers Australia Pty Limited