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Computer Legislation2 T2



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  • 1. Computer Legislation
  • 2. Computer Legislation
    • With many of our private and confidential records being stored on computer databases, laws and regulations had to be brought in to govern the access and storage.
    • All our medical records / credit history and bank details are stored on databases.
  • 3. Data Protection Act 1984,1988 &1998
    • This law has change over the years to move with technology.
    • The law was introduced to protect the privacy of people whose information is stored on the computers.
    • Companies which store information are governed by guidelines that limits access to your information.
    • Businesses have to make sure they adhere to the laws.
  • 4. 8 Principles of the Data Protection Act
    • You can not store personal data un-less the data subject has given permission.
    • Data can only be used for the purpose it was given.
    • Only data relevant to that activity may be asked and stored.
    • Regular updates must be undertaken
    • Data must only be stored as long as necessary.
    • The data stored must not infringe on the data subjects rights.
    • Data must be kept in a secure location and can not be copied.
    • Personal data can not be transferred to companies outside of the EU.
  • 5. Exemption to the 8 Principles
    • If the data is used for a personal use it doesn’t need to adhere to the guidelines.
    • If the data is used in Pay role.
    • Data held for national security.
    • If the data subject has given their permission to go on a mailing list.
  • 6. As Data Subjects
    • We have the right to see what has been written about us.
    • We can request any information which is inaccurate to be destroyed.
    • These rights do not include police records.
  • 7. Copyright, Design and Patent Act 1988
    • This law helps to protect inventors and designers.
    • The law makes its legal to copy a protected file or picture without the copyrights owner’s permission.
    • Punishment could be a fine or jail sentence. Examples of breaking this law is:
    • Downloading music
    • Using pirate software without a licence
    • Re – using pictures and logos
  • 8. Computer Misuse Act 1990
    • With the on going threat of people hacking into our home computers gaining access to our home files. This law was brought in to make it a criminal offence.
    • People have written viruses that are sent through emails – My doom and worm viruses cost companies thousands of pounds.
    • If found deliberately planting computer viruses into systems you can face a 5 year jail sentence.
  • 9. Summary of Computer Legislation.
    • Data Protection
    • Copyright, Design and Patent Act 1988
    • Computer Misuse Act 1990