Who We Are:
Identity, Socialization, and Liberation
Puget Sound Community School
Social Justice Week Kick-Off
Rosetta Eun ...
About Seattle Girls’ School

Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
Identity Development
 What is it?
 What are the various

dimensions of
identity?
 Why does it matter?
Rosetta Eun Ryong...
Dimensions of Identity and Culture

This model of identifiers and culture was created by Karen Bradberry and Johnnie Forem...
Exercise: Up-Downs
• Stand proudly for your group
• Stand for as many groups
within one category
as applies to you

• If y...
Birth Status

Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
Racial/Ethnic/Cultural Heritage

Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
Religion

Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
Socioeconomic Class

Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
Gender

Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
Sexual Orientation

Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
Ability

Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
Private Identity

Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
Debrief: Who Am I?
How did it feel to claim
various identities and
experiences? Did you learn
anything new, interesting,
o...
Identity and Cultural Inclusion



Identity Frames



Intractability



Co-Authorship of Identity

Rosetta Eun Ryong Le...
Break

Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
How Did We Get Here From There?
Brainstorm ways we go
from being born innocent
to a system of
oppression and privilege
we ...
Sharing the Wisdom

Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
How Do We Free Ourselves?
Brainstorm ways we go
from participating in
systems of oppression
and privilege into living
auth...
Sharing the Wisdom

Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
An Ally Is…
“a person who is a member of the dominant or
majority group who works to end oppression in
his or her personal...
An Ally Is…

“Someone who doesn’t have to stand up for
someone else, who might even lose something
if they do, but they do...
Bystander to Ally
Agent
Active

Bystander
Passive

Passive

Ally
Active

Karen Bradberry, PhD
Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http:...
Avoiding the Pitfalls and
Overcoming the Obstacles

Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
Conflation of Individual/Institutional

Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
Correlation versus Causation
Correlation: When income is averaged and compared, there
is a strong correlation between gend...
Accumulated Advantages

Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
Privilege
“Privilege exists when one group has
something of value that is denied to others
simply because of the groups th...
Situational Advantage
There are prime parking spots and seats
reserved for people with disabilities. People
with disabilit...
Safety versus Comfort
Safety: I feel that, in this space, I can ask questions without
fear of judgment. I can voice my per...
Next Steps
 Know that none of this is our fault, but it
is everyone’s responsibility
 Seek to understand the systems you...
Presenter Information
Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee
6th Faculty and
Professional Outreach
Seattle Girls’ School
2706 S Jackson Str...
Identity Resources
• Carlos H. Arce, “A Reconsideration of Chicano Culture
and Identity”
• Atkinson, Morten, & Sue, “Racia...
Identity Resources
• Erik Erikson, “Eight Stages of Man”
• J. E. Helms, Various Publications on Racial and Ethnic
Identity...
Identity Resources
• Patricia Romney, Karlene Ferron, and Jennifer Hill,
“Measuring the Success of Diversity Directors in
...
Miscellaneous Resources
• Karen Bradberry and Johnnie Foreman, “Privilege and
Power,” Summer Diversity Institute, National...
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Puget Sound Community School Social Justice Week Kick Off

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2.5 hour session delivered to students and staff at Puget Sound Community School, kicking off Social Justice Week. Exploration of identity, cycle of systematic oppression, cycle of socialization, and cycle of liberation.

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Puget Sound Community School Social Justice Week Kick Off

  1. 1. Who We Are: Identity, Socialization, and Liberation Puget Sound Community School Social Justice Week Kick-Off Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Seattle Girls’ School Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  2. 2. About Seattle Girls’ School Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  3. 3. Identity Development  What is it?  What are the various dimensions of identity?  Why does it matter? Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  4. 4. Dimensions of Identity and Culture This model of identifiers and culture was created by Karen Bradberry and Johnnie Foreman for NAIS Summer Diversity Institute, adapted from Loden and Rosener’s Workforce America! (1991) and from Diverse Teams at Work, Gardenswartz & Rowe (SHRM 2003). Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  5. 5. Exercise: Up-Downs • Stand proudly for your group • Stand for as many groups within one category as applies to you • If you are not standing, cheer and applaud the people who are National Coalition Building Institute, Seattle Chapter, “Building Bridges Workshop,” Adapted by Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  6. 6. Birth Status Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  7. 7. Racial/Ethnic/Cultural Heritage Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  8. 8. Religion Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  9. 9. Socioeconomic Class Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  10. 10. Gender Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  11. 11. Sexual Orientation Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  12. 12. Ability Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  13. 13. Private Identity Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  14. 14. Debrief: Who Am I? How did it feel to claim various identities and experiences? Did you learn anything new, interesting, or surprising? What did it feel like to be applauded for your identities and experiences? To applaud others? Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  15. 15. Identity and Cultural Inclusion  Identity Frames  Intractability  Co-Authorship of Identity Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  16. 16. Break Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  17. 17. Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  18. 18. Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  19. 19. How Did We Get Here From There? Brainstorm ways we go from being born innocent to a system of oppression and privilege we live in. How are we socialized to learn and accept this system? Where do we get these messages? What individuals and institutions are involved? Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  20. 20. Sharing the Wisdom Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  21. 21. Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  22. 22. How Do We Free Ourselves? Brainstorm ways we go from participating in systems of oppression and privilege into living authentic lives and creating a just world? What can we do on an individual, interpersonal, and institutional level? Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  23. 23. Sharing the Wisdom Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  24. 24. Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  25. 25. An Ally Is… “a person who is a member of the dominant or majority group who works to end oppression in his or her personal and professional life through support of, and as an advocate with and for, the oppressed population” Washington and Evans, Becoming an Ally Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  26. 26. An Ally Is… “Someone who doesn’t have to stand up for someone else, who might even lose something if they do, but they do it anyway because they know it’s the right thing to do” Anna, 6th Grader Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  27. 27. Bystander to Ally Agent Active Bystander Passive Passive Ally Active Karen Bradberry, PhD Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  28. 28. Avoiding the Pitfalls and Overcoming the Obstacles Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  29. 29. Conflation of Individual/Institutional Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  30. 30. Correlation versus Causation Correlation: When income is averaged and compared, there is a strong correlation between gender and income. This is due to a myriad of historical, systemic, and economic factors that impact men and women differently in the workplace. Causation: When income is averaged and compared, there is a strong correlation between gender and income. This must be because women must not be as smart, hard-working, or good with money as men. Correlation: When more firefighters are fighting a fire, the bigger the fire is observed to be. Causation: The additional firefighters made the fire bigger. Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  31. 31. Accumulated Advantages Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  32. 32. Privilege “Privilege exists when one group has something of value that is denied to others simply because of the groups they belong to, rather than because of anything they’ve done or failed to do.” [as described by Peggy McIntosh and quoted by Allan Johnson] Privilege is SYSTEMIC. It drives the systems that dominate our societies. Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  33. 33. Situational Advantage There are prime parking spots and seats reserved for people with disabilities. People with disabilities are often first to board planes and other transportation vehicles. These advantages are situational and do not balance out systemic oppression. Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  34. 34. Safety versus Comfort Safety: I feel that, in this space, I can ask questions without fear of judgment. I can voice my perspective and know that I will be validated for the fact that that is my truth. Others may challenge my ideas, but that challenge is in the spirit of greater shared understanding and growth. Comfort: I feel that, in this space, my reality will be agreed with, validated, and unchallenged. I don’t have to explain myself to be understood, and I don’t have to justify my perspective, as everyone shares it. As learners, we need to actively seek environments where we may be safe but not always comfortable... SO THAT WE CAN LEARN AND GROW. Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  35. 35. Next Steps  Know that none of this is our fault, but it is everyone’s responsibility  Seek to understand the systems you live in and learn how to challenge them productively  Be open to the truth of others’ experiences  Build relationships and coalitions across difference Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  36. 36. Presenter Information Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee 6th Faculty and Professional Outreach Seattle Girls’ School 2706 S Jackson Street Seattle WA 98144 (206) 805-6562 rlee@seattlegirlsschool.org http://tiny.cc/rosettalee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  37. 37. Identity Resources • Carlos H. Arce, “A Reconsideration of Chicano Culture and Identity” • Atkinson, Morten, & Sue, “Racial/Cultural Identity Development Model (R/CID)” • Mindy Bingham and Sandy Stryker, “Socioemotional Development for Girls” • Vivienne Cass, “Homosexual identity formation: Testing a theoretical model” • William Cross, Shades of Black: Diversity in African American Identity” • Anthony D’Augelli, “ Identity development and sexual orientation: Toward a model of lesbian, gay, and bisexual development” Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  38. 38. Identity Resources • Erik Erikson, “Eight Stages of Man” • J. E. Helms, Various Publications on Racial and Ethnic Identity Development • Jean Kim, “Processes of Asian American Identity Development” • James Maricia, “Four Ego and Identity Statuses” • Suzanne Kobasa Ouellette, “The Three C’s of Hardiness” • Jean S. Phinney, “Ethnic Identity in Adolescents and Adults: Review of the Research” • Ponterotto & Pederso, Preventing Prejudice • Maria P. P. Root, Various Works on Multiracial Identity Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  39. 39. Identity Resources • Patricia Romney, Karlene Ferron, and Jennifer Hill, “Measuring the Success of Diversity Directors in Independent Schools” • Pedro Ruiz, “Latino/a Identity Development Model” • Chalmer E. Thompson and Robert T. Carter, Racial Identity Theory • Alex Wilson, “How We Find Ourselves: Identity Development and Two Spirit People” • Christine J. Yeh, “The Collectivistic Nature of Identity Development Among Asian-American College Students” Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  40. 40. Miscellaneous Resources • Karen Bradberry and Johnnie Foreman, “Privilege and Power,” Summer Diversity Institute, National Association of Independent Schools, 2009 • Po Bronson and Ashley Merryman, Nurture Shock • Kevin Jennings, GLSEN (Gay Lesbian and Straight Education Network) www.glsen.org • Allan G. Johnson, Privilege, Power, and Difference • Johnnie McKinley, “Leveling the Playing Field and Raising African American Students’ Achievement in Twenty-nine Urban Classrooms,” New Horizons for Learning, http://www.newhorizons.org/strategies/differentiated/ mckinley.htm Michael J Nakkula and Eric Toshalis, Understanding Youth. Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)

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