Phonetic Chart

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Phonetic Chart

  1. 1. LEND ME YOUR EARS
  2. 2. THE ENGLISH SOUND SYSTEM PHONEMES 24 CONSONANTS 20 VOWELS
  3. 3. Short Vowel Sounds / ɪ / (ship) bin pin sit / e / (pen) pen ten bell / æ / (man) pan man bag / ʌ / (cup) cup hut bun
  4. 4. Short Vowel Sounds /ə/ (a camera) a camera a glass a book / ɒ / (clock) hot cot top / ʊ / (book) book cook look
  5. 5. Consonants /p/ (pen) pen pencil paper voiceless /b/ (baby) bin box bear voiced /t/ (tin) tin tail ten voiceless /d/ (door) door duck doll voiced
  6. 6. Consonants /k/ (key) car cup cat voiceless / f/ (fin) fin five four voiceless /g/ (girl) goat girl glass voiced /v/ (van) van vase veil voiced
  7. 7. Consonants /θ/ (thin) thin thumb thick voiceless /ð/ (than) they there those voiced /s/ (sun) sun sit sand voiceless /z/ (zoo) zoo zip zebra voiced
  8. 8. Consonants /h/ (hat) hill heel hand voiceless /m/ (mouth) me met moon voiced /n/ (nose) nose nine noise voiced /l/ (letter) low light line voiced
  9. 9. Consonants /r/ (wrong) right red rose voiced /j/ (yellow) yolk yam yes voiced / w / (window) we wheel wet voiced / ʒ / (television) television treasure garage voiced
  10. 10. Consonants /ʃ/ (shoe) she shoe ship voiceless / t ʃ / (cherry) chips chin cherry voiceless / d ʒ / (jam) jam jeep jar voiced /ŋ/ (ring) wing thing wrong voiced
  11. 11. Long Monophthongs / i: / (sheep) heel peel leek / ɜ : / (girl) bird turn burn / u : / (boot) pool root tooth
  12. 12. Long Monophthongs / ɔ : / (ball) port fork tall / a : / (heart) march card barn
  13. 13. Diphthongs /e ɪ / (tail ) tail pain wait / a ɪ / (fine) buy tie kite / ɔɪ / (boy) oil coin toy / a ʊ / (house) cow bow brow
  14. 14. Diphthongs / ə ʊ / (phone) float coat boat / ɪ ə / (beer) ear tear dear / eə / (chair) air pear hair / ʊ ə / (sure) sure pure cure
  15. 15. Phonics <ul><li>an approach to teaching reading </li></ul><ul><li>aims at building foundational skills in beginning readers </li></ul><ul><li>use of phonics depends on the practitioners’ beliefs about reading </li></ul>
  16. 16. Good Phonics Instruction should: <ul><ul><li>develop the alphabetic principle – the notion that letters in words stand for specific sounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>develop phonological awareness – recognition of sounds in spoken words (phoneme awareness) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>provide a sound grounding in the letters – learning the shapes and names of letters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>provide sufficient practice in reading words – in isolation or in context </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lead automatic word recognition – phonics instruction is not the end but the means to help children read words automatically </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17.
  18. 18. Phoneme : /s/ Grapheme : s ss c 1. Form a cobra head with your hand. 2. Trace the letter ‘s’ in the air and, say s…
  19. 19. Phoneme : /æ/ Grapheme : a Imagine a spider crawling up your arm and say eh…  
  20. 20. Phoneme : /t/ Grapheme : t Tap two fingers on the desk and say t…
  21. 21. Phoneme : /p/ Grapheme : p Place four fingers in front of your mouth and say p…
  22. 22.
  23. 23. Phoneme : / ɪ / Grapheme : i Show your teeth and say e .
  24. 24. Phoneme : / n / Grapheme : n Touch the tip of your nose and say n…  
  25. 25. Phoneme : / m / Grapheme : m Lick an ice-cream and say m…
  26. 26. Phoneme : / d / Grapheme : d Drumming action and say d …
  27. 27.
  28. 28. Phoneme : / g / Grapheme : g <ul><li>You are cold, clutch your hands and </li></ul><ul><li>shiver </li></ul><ul><li>2. Say ggg </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  29. 29. Phoneme : / ɒ / Grapheme : o Draw a small circle (anti clockwise) in the air and say o
  30. 30. Phoneme : / k / Grapheme : c k ck Action of flying a kite and say k
  31. 31. Phoneme : / e / Grapheme : e Walk like an elephant and say eh
  32. 32. Phoneme : / ʌ / Grapheme : u Look up and say uh uh
  33. 33. Phoneme : /r/ Grapheme : r Be a lion and say rrr
  34. 34.
  35. 35. Phoneme : /h/ Grapheme : h 1. Place your palm in front of your mouth. 2. Laugh haha
  36. 36. Phoneme : /b/ Grapheme : b Action of balloon bursting and say b…  
  37. 37. Phoneme : /f/ Grapheme : f ff Action of bird flying and say f…
  38. 38. Phoneme : /l/ Grapheme : l ll Raise both arms upright and say ll..  
  39. 39.
  40. 40. Phoneme : /dʒ/ Grapheme : g j Jump and say j.
  41. 41. Show the peace sign and say v. Phoneme : /v/ Grapheme : v
  42. 42. Join two peace signs and say w. Phoneme : /w/ Grapheme : w
  43. 43. Phoneme : /ks/ /gz/ Grapheme : x Cross your hands and say ks.. Slash ‘x’ and say gz..
  44. 44.
  45. 45. Nod and say yeh Phoneme : /j/ Grapheme : y
  46. 46. Trace ‘z’ in the air and say z.. Phoneme : /z/ Grapheme : z zz
  47. 47. Phoneme : /kw/ Grapheme : qu Action of a duck flapping its wings once and say qua
  48. 48.
  49. 49. Phoneme : / tʃ / Grapheme : ch 1. Action of a moving train with both arms 2. Say ch. 
  50. 50. Phoneme : /ʃ / Finger on the lips and say sh.. Grapheme : sh
  51. 51. Phoneme : / θ/ voiceless Phoneme : / ð/ voiced Grapheme : th Show the thumb and say th. Point with the thumb and say th.
  52. 52. Action of mosquito buzzing around ears and say ng…. Phoneme : /ŋ / Grapheme : ng
  53. 53.
  54. 54. cat mat bat rat
  55. 55. hat sat pat
  56. 56. rat and cat cat and bat
  57. 57. hat and mat pat a cat
  58. 58. a mat a cat on a mat
  59. 59. a rat on a mat a bat on a mat
  60. 60. a hat on a mat a cat and a rat on a mat a cat, a bat and a rat on a mat
  61. 61. High Frequency Words Decodable Not Decodable
  62. 62. Decodable Words : Phonetically decodable words should be taught according to the principle of saying sounds in a word in the order in which they occur.
  63. 63. Not Decodable Words : Some words are not decodable using the grapheme-phoneme correspondence. They are also called tricky words.
  64. 64. Tricky Words : the to I no go into you they all are my her he she we me be was
  65. 65. Tricky Words : said have like so do some come were there little one when out what oh their people Mr Mrs looked called asked could
  66. 66. Regina Joseph Cyril English Language Unit [email_address] 03-8884 2088

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