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Best practices

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  • Why do current web need any extension or fixing?
  • Current web

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  • 1. Best practices of Online Forum using Semantic Web Technologies by Hazalina Hashim
  • 2. Getting the right content to the right people at the right time using the right strategies and technologies so they can develop the right knowledge and right skills . Source: IBM E-LEARNING DEMAND
  • 3. A comprehensive software package that supports "courses that depend on the web for some combination of delivery, testing, simulation, discussion, or other significant aspect" (Robson, 1999). Aka VLE, CMS, LMS, CLE E-LEARNING SYSTEMS
  • 4. E-LEARNING TOOLS
  • 5.
    • INFORMATION OVERLOAD
    ONLINE FORUM CHALLENGES
  • 6. ONLINE FORUM CHALLENGES
  • 7. ONLINE FORUM CHALLENGES
  • 8. ONLINE FORUM CHALLENGES
  • 9. How to find the right resource…
    • at the right time
    • for the right person
    ONLINE FORUM REVISITED
  • 10. THE SEMANTIC WEB
  • 11.
    • “ The Semantic Web is an extension of the current web in which information is given well-defined meaning , better enabling computers and people to work in cooperation.”
      • Berners-Lee, Hendler and Lassila, Scientific America, May,2001 10
    • “ The Semantic Web is a vision: the idea of having data on the web defined and linked in a way that it can be used by machines not just for display purposes, but for automation, integration and reuse of data across various applications.”
    • http://www.w3.org/2001/sw
    • Semantics is the study of meaning which can be express in a language, code, or other form of representation.
    THE SEMANTIC WEB
  • 12. http://www.dcs.bbk.ac.uk/~michael/sw/sw.html THE SEMANTIC WEB
  • 13. WEB EVOLUTION
  • 14. Where we are Today: the Syntactic Web
  • 15. What is the problem?
  • 16.
    • WWW2002
    • The eleventh international world wide web conference
    • Sheraton waikiki hotel
    • Honolulu, hawaii, USA
    • 7-11 may 2002
    • 1 location 5 days learn interact
    • Registered participants coming from
    • australia, canada, chile denmark, france, germany, ghana, hong kong, india, ireland, italy,
    • japan, malta, new zealand, the netherlands, norway, singapore, switzerland, the united
    • kingdom, the united states, vietnam, zaire
    • Register now
    • On the 7th May Honolulu will provide the backdrop of the eleventh international world wide
    • web conference. This prestigious event …
    • Speakers confirmed
    • Tim berners-lee
    • Tim is the well known inventor of the Web, …
    • Ian Foster
    • Ian is the pioneer of the Grid, the next generation internet …
    WE SEE
  • 17. THE MACHINE SEES
  • 18. THE SOLUTION : MARKUP?
  • 19. THE MACHINE (STILL) SEE
  • 20. Syntactic vs Semantics web Evolution of the web (Cardoso & Sheth, 2006) Evolution of the web (Cardoso & Sheth, 2006) Evolution of the web (Cardoso & Sheth, 2006) Evolution of the web (Cardoso & Sheth, 2006 )
  • 21. Levels of semantics HOW IT WORKS – ONTOLOGY
  • 22. example
  • 23.
    • http://thewebisagreement.com/
    • ontologies can be used to express agreement about the meaning of data on the Web between: Human-human, human-machine, and machine-machine
    • to enable reuse, analyze domain knowledge
    • to make domain assumptions explicit
    Paul Downey HOW IT WORKS – ONTOLOGY (WHY)
  • 24. RDF is a Data Model HOW IT WORKS – RDF
  • 25. HOW IT WORKS – RDF
  • 26. HOW IT WORKS – RDF
  • 27. + Semantic e-learning is the “e-learning based on the Semantic Web technologies that can easily provide learning materials in a common format and therefore enhance personalised learning” ( Cao & Zhang, 2006)
  • 28.
    • Structure : As Laurillard (2002) indicates, one central component of learning is coming to see structure. Structure means of seeing something (a theory, or concept) as a whole which includes the relations which link these to other ideas and theories and stated interdependencies
    WHAT’S THE SIGNIFICANCE Set of concept Connecting concept with material
  • 29. example
  • 30. Lemnitzer, L., Mossel, E., Simov, K., Osenova, P., & Monachesi, P. (2008). Using a Domain-Ontology and Semantic Search In an E-Learning Environment. Innovative Techniques in Instruction Technology, E-learning, E-assessment, and Education, 279-284. example
  • 31. example
  • 32. Interlinking content with SKOS
    • skos:isSubjectOf
    • sioc:topic
    THANK YOU