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  • 1. • Before going to the podium, a speaker must have his speech ready.• In preparation of a speech, the gathering of information is the activity that consumes the longest period.• It is done in a number of ways.• DATA COLLECTION is the gathering of data from reading, experimentation, observation, interviewing, conversation/chat, internet surfing, and conducting a survey.
  • 2. • For someone doing a speech, books and periodicals are always valuable sources of information.• Informative speeches and persuasive speeches such as debate materials are almost always products of reading all forms of printed materials from books to periodicals to unpublished theses, dissertations, and documents.• Libraries are good place to gather information and data for your speech.• And now with the development of technology, a speaker can now use the Internet as an immediate source of information.
  • 3. • When independent variables and dependent variables are involved in the study, the most likely approach to use is the experimental method.• An experiment is conducted to show cause-and-effect relationship between items.• The experimental method is similar to the scientific method. This method is a process of experimentation that is used to explore observations and answer questions. Scientists use the scientific method to search for cause- and-effect relationships in nature.• At times during discussions, lecturers or researchers inform the public about the results of their experiments.
  • 4. • Merely looking closely at surrounding things is means to gather data. In fact, Galileo discovered gravity by simply observing 2 objects fall from the Leaning Tower of Pisa.• It has 2 kinds: 1. Participant – takes part in the activities of the observed 2. Non-participant – does not take part in any of the activities• Taking field notes, a science explorer observes the changes that take place in a metamorphosis as the mysteries of nature unravel before his eyes. These field notes are translated into an informative speech.
  • 5. • DEFINITION:  A structured exchange of ideas or views between an interviewer (question/inquire) and an interviewee (answerer).• CAN BE DONE IN THREE WAYS:  Personal (direct/in-person/face-to-face)Interview  Mail (letter) Interview  Telephone (phone) Interview
  • 6. I – Inform the interviewee of your intention to interview him.N – Notify the interviewee of the appointed time, date, and venue of the interview.T – Take note of the words of the interviewee, most especially the most important ones.E – Exhaust all possible means to elicit from the interviewee the answers to your question.R – Refrain from giving comments on the statements of theinterviewee.V – Verify some statements by asking clarification or follow-up questions.I – Include the interviewee’s personal data in your interviewreport.E – End the interview with a token of appreciation and in a happynote.W – Write the interview transcript or report immediately after the interview.
  • 7. 1. ASK GOOD QUESTIONS – Show that you care by asking insightful questions2. DEMONSTRATE GOOD LISTENER SKILLS – Have good eye contact, smile, and don’t interrupt people when they are talking3. ASK HOW YOU CAN HELP – Great way to show that you care about building a relationship and gives you a reason to follow-up4. FIND SIMILARITIES – As you are getting to know someone, look for similar interests so you instantly bond over certain topics5. OFFER TO MAKE INTRODUCTIONS – During a conversation, offer to connect people to others at the same function or in your network
  • 8. • DEFINITION  A method of gathering information from a selection of individuals.• PURPOSE  To collect and establish actual data  To statistically assess phenomena for better understanding• The Social Weather Station and similar organizations have been relied upon by the public for information pertaining to economy, politics, entertainment, religion, and other aspects of society.• Students and professionals writing their speeches can also make use of self-conducted survey results as speech
  • 9. 1. Create questions2. Ask the questions3. Tally the results4. Present the results (in a chart or a graph)• Telephone Surveys• Mail Surveys• E-mail Surveys• Internet/Online Surveys