Inquiry Project 3 Down SyndromePresentation Transcript
Down Syndrome Lori Elpers October 1, 2009 Education 373.003
I use to have a minor in special education, but I then dropped it because it was going to take me one year longer to graduate. I did take a couple of classes for special education and became very interested in Down Syndrome specifically.
My neighbor, who I use to babysit for, had a child two years ago who has down syndrome. I have got to spend time with her and have noticed something different and would like to more about this disability.
In high school, I helped in the special education class. In the class, there were two students who have down syndrome and I always wanted to know more about it.
Do all children with down syndrome develop slower than other children?
Can doctors diagnose down syndrome while the child is in the mothers womb?
Are there certain kinds of toys or textures that help children with down syndrome? What should they be around?
What kinds of features make children with down syndrome different?
Can children with down syndrome be in a regular classroom? If so, then what should a teacher know?
Can children with down syndrome get their license, live on their own, and have a regular job?
“ Down syndrome is a set of physical and mental traits caused by a gene problem that happens before birth. Children with Down syndrome tend to have certain features, such as a flat face and a short neck. They also have some degree of mental retardation. This varies from person to person, but in most cases it is mild to moderate.
Down syndrome is a lifelong condition. But with care and support, most children with Down syndrome can grow up to have healthy, happy, productive lives.”
“ By 5 years of age, many children with Down syndrome can achieve some of the same developmental targets as their peers, if this is expected of them. Most will be walking, toilet trained and able to feed themselves and dress with minimal help.”
“ Children with Down syndrome may be developmentally delayed. A child with Down syndrome is often slow to turn over, sit, stand, and respond. This may be related to the child's poor muscle tone. Development of speech and language abilities may take longer than expected and may not occur as fully as parents would like. However, children with Down syndrome do develop the communication skills they need.”
Development Continue http://www.dsmig.org.uk/pdf/downs3.pdf Area of Development Mile Stone Age for Child with Down Syndrome Other children Gross motor skills (moving around) Holds head steady in sitting position Sits alone Stands alone Walks alone 3-9m 6-16m 12-38m 13-48m 1-4m 5-9m 9-16m 9-17m Fine motor skills and eye hand coordination Follows object with eyes Reaches out and grasps objects Passes objects from hand to hand Builds a tower of two 1Ó cubes Copies a circle 1.5-8m 4-11m 6-12m 14-32m 36-60m 1-3m 2-6m 4-8m 10-19m 24-40m Communication skills Babbles ÒDaDaÓ, ÒMamaÓ Responds to familiar words First words spoken with meaning Shows needs by gesture Two word phrases 7-18m 10-18m 13-36m 14-30m 18-60m 5-14m 5-14m 10-23m 11-19m 15-32m Personal and social skills Smiles when talked to Feeds self with biscuit Drinks from cup Dry by day Bowel control 1.5-4m 6-14m 12-23m 18-50m 20-60m 1-2m 4-10m 9-17m 14-36m 16-48m
“ Amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling are two tests that can be used to look for Down syndrome during the first half of your pregnancy. However, there is a slight risk that these tests can cause a miscarriage. Therefore, these tests are used only when there is a high chance of a genetic problem in the baby (such as a mother age 35 or older).”
“ During the first days and months of life, some disorders may be immediately diagnosed. Congenital hypothyroidism, characterized by a reduced basal metabolism, an enlargement of the thyroid gland, and disturbances in the autonomic nervous system, occurs slightly more frequently in babies with Down syndrome. A routine blood test for hypothyroidism that is performed on newborns will detect this condition if present.”
“ It is important to remember that no one person with Down syndrome will have all of the features described here.”
“ A baby with Down syndrome has some distinct facial features which can include almond shaped eyes (due to epicanthal folds), light-colored spots in their eyes (called Brushfield spots), a small, somewhat flat nose, a small mouth with a protruding tongue, and small ears. They also have round faces and somewhat flatter profiles. “
“ Other physical features seen in Down syndrome include a single crease across the palms of their hands, short stubby fingers and a fifth finger or pinky that curves inward (clinodactyly). They have a smaller head that is somewhat flattened in the back (brachycephaly) and straight hair that is fine and thin. In general, they tend to have short stature with short limbs, and can have a larger than normal space between the big and second toes.”
Child With Down Syndrome Child without Down Syndrome
Child With Down Syndrome Child without Down Syndrome Features of Children with Down Syndrome The lines on the palm of their hands are different. There is one main crease in the middle of his or her hand unlike others peoples who have three main creases.
“ They are the same as for all other children; which is to equip children with Down syndrome to lead independent adult lives in the community. Most will need some degree of support from friends, family and services, but education will make a significant difference to the level of independence achieved in work, social and leisure life.”
“ Children with Down syndrome often require a multisensory learning experience , using as many channels of input as possible, and involving repetition with expansion and reinforcement of previously learned skills.”
“ Educating those with Down Syndrome has, in the past, been very difficult, due in large part to a condition called 'short-term auditory processing impairment', also called 'short-term verbal memory'. Their ability to understand and retain what they hear is very limited, thus new channels have been studied in hopes of instilling knowledge using less traditional methods.
Educators have found that using images paired with words helps Down Syndrome children understand and remember words and phrases, as well as role-playing games and drama. These involve physical activity and visual cues. Music, as well, has been shown to be another dimension in learning; using songs, rhymes and rhythms the children have shown a greater ability to retain information.
There is still the verbal hurdle of speaking, which is quite difficult for these children, because they don't quite understand the concept of connecting words to the motion of speaking, and it is difficult for them to form words. But there has been much progress over the years in teaching both children and adults who suffer from Down Syndrome.” http://www.helium.com/items/266679-breakthroughs-in-educating-children-with-down-syndrome
“ Most children with Down syndrome can be included in a regular classroom. Your child may need an adapted curriculum and may sometimes attend special classes.
Be involved with your child's education. Children with disabilities, such as those related to Down syndrome, have a legal right to education. These laws also protect your rights as a parent to be fully informed about or challenge educational decisions concerning your child.”
I read many story about people with down syndrome having jobs and living on their own. Some of them even got married.
What you should do as a Parent
“ As a parent of a child with down syndrome, you play an important role in helping your child reach his or her full potential. Most families choose to raise their child, while some consider foster care or adoption. Support groups and organizations can assist you in making the best decision for your family.
Having a child with Down syndrome is full of challenges and accomplishments. Common frustrations and frequent highs and lows can all lead to exhaustion. Take good care of yourself so you have the energy to enjoy your child and attend to his or her needs.”
“ About 1 in 800 babies is born with Down Syndrome. Though popular belief is that babies with it are born mostly to older mothers, in fact 80% of these babies are born to mothers under age 35. More mothers under age 35 give birth, than those over 35, thus raising the percentage of babies with Down Syndrome born to the younger group of moms.”