Recognizing the parts of speech


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parts of speech

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Recognizing the parts of speech

  2. 2. Function Part of Speech Naming Predicating (stating or asserting) Modifying Connecting Nouns, Pronouns Verbs Adjectives, Adverbs Prepositions, Conjunctions
  3. 3. Part of Speech Uses in the Sentence Examples Verb Indicator of action or state of being like are has, am, were, might, should, must, are, be . . . Tom wrote the report. They are astronomers. Noun Subject, object Persons- George, man, people Animals - cat, fish, dog Places - Jacksonville, city, park Things - paper, spoon, eraser Ideas - happiness, horror, thought Kay gave Ron the list of names. Pronoun Substitute for nouns Examples: I, it, you, he, she, we, him, them, whom, someone, everyone, none, anybody, that He will return it to her later.
  4. 4. Part of Speech Uses in the Sentence Examples Adjective ------------------ Articles: a, an, the Modifies nouns - and pronouns - -------------------------------------- [used to introduce nouns] Juan bought a used car. He was excited about it. ------------------------------------- the book - specific a book, an apple - general Adverb Modifies verbs - adjectives - adverbs - or whole clauses - (tells how, where, when, to what degree) The diagram was clearly presented. It was a very interesting study. The speech was entirely too long. Indeed, we are ready. Preposition Word used before a noun or pronoun to create a phrase that relates to another word He was in a hurry. He answered without thinking. She visited for four days.
  5. 5. Part of Speech Uses in the Sentence Examples Conjunction Connector of words - phrases - clauses - (may be coordinating or subordinating) Tom and Harry left for work. You can go with me or without me. He arrived before we ate. Interjection Expression of emotion (unrelated grammatically to the rest of the sentence) Good grief! Ouch, that hurt! Well, we tried.
  6. 6. Exercises: 1 Directions: Underline the verb (or verb phrase) in the following sentences. 1. He locked the door. 2. Who broke the glass? 3. My friend visited me yesterday. 4. It started to rain. We needed an umbrella. 5. She showed her drawing to her mother. 6. The George Washington Bridge is located between New York and New Jersey.
  7. 7. Exercise : 2 Directions: Underline the nouns in each of the following sentences: 1.Jason enjoyed the movie about France. 2. The musicians play marching songs. 3. Music lovers thrill to the sound of trumpets. 4. Boys and girls are often eager to listen. 5. The conductor moves his baton. 6. There is no death penalty for criminals in Japan.
  8. 8. Exercise: 3 Directions: Underline the pronouns in each of the following sentences: 1. You and John are the boys who will have to pay for the damage. 2. Mr. Gunsher gave us the record which was just played. 3. She cried loudly, and each of us heard her. 4. They felt scare by our attention to them. 5. Everyone followed the directions the faculty members had given each of them. 6. She sent them to him as a birthday gift.
  9. 9. Exercise: 4 Directions: Underline the adjectives in each of the following sentences. 1. She is a pretty girl. 2. My father bought a new car and gave me the old one. 3. Please don’t make so much noise. 4. I bought three interesting books from the bookshop. 5. I would like to have a cold drink. 6. His many projects to settle America were unsuccessful.
  10. 10. Exercise: 5 Directions: Underline the adverbs in the following sentences. 1. The name "sirocco" is often given to a warm wind. 2. It is usually given to a warm wind blowing over large areas of hot, dry land. 3. Such winds now occur over the area of our Great Plains. 4. Originally "sirocco" was a name used by people of North Africa. 5. It was not used for ordinary wind. 6. It described the very hot, dusty wind that comes from the South.
  11. 11. Exercise: 6 Directions: Underline the preposition in the following sentences 1. She stands beside her mother. 2. We must brush our teeth before going to bed. 3. The children are playing in the garden. 4. He helped the old man walked across the busy road. 5. I could see through the glass window when you were talking with my mother. 6. The policeman ran after the thief.
  12. 12. Exercise: 7 Directions: Underline the conjunctions in the following sentences. 1. Janet and Joan are twins, but they are different in many ways. 2. While basalt is one of the heaviest rocks, pumice floats in water. 3. If you have used a piece of pumice stone to rid your fingers of grime, you know of its other qualities. 4. Pumice forms when boiling rock pours out of a fuming volcano. 5. It is a mixture of basalt and air bubbles. 6. He had lots to do; therefore, he went home.
  13. 13. Exercise 1 1. locked 2. broke 3. visited 4. started, needed 5. showed 6. is located Exercise 2 1. Jason, movie, France 2. musicians, songs 3. lovers, sound, trumpets 4. boys, girls 5. conductor, baton 6. penalty, criminals, Japan
  14. 14. Exercise 3 1. You, who 2. us, which 3. she, each, us, her 4. They our, them 5. everybody, them 6. she, them, him Exercise 4 1. pretty 2. new, old 3. much 4. interesting 5. cold 6. his ( a pronoun acting like an adjective)
  15. 15. Exercise 5 1. often 2. usually 3. now 4. originally 5. not 6. very Exercise 6 1. beside 2. before 3. in 4. across 5. through, with 6. after
  16. 16. Exercise 7 1. and, but 2. while 3. if 4. when 5. and 6. therefore
  17. 17. NOUN: names a person (boy, Mr. Adams), place (Miami, city), thing (pencil, Ford), idea (love, hate) PRONOUN: takes the place of a noun (he, she them, him, someone, anything) VERB: tells either the action of the subject (Kim walked) or the being of the subject (Jose is angry.). ADJECTIVE: modifies a noun or pronoun (red car, soft kitten, hard candy, the test, a vacation) ADVERB: modifies a verb (walk quietly), adjective (quite tall), or other adverb (walk very quietly) CONJUNCTION: joins together two or more words, phrases, or clauses (and, but, or, because, since) PREPOSITION: word relating a noun or pronoun to another word in the sentence (man on the stage) INTERJECTION: exclamation that is not grammatically party of the sentence (No!, Ouch!)
  18. 18. Directions: Label the underlined words according to their part of speech 1.Dr. Alexander discovered a cure for anemia. 2. He was a great man. 3. The boys played happily in the snow. 4. The dangerous river flowed rapidly. 5. The Tigers were never an exciting group of ballplayers.
  19. 19. 6. Henry and his brother won the contest. 7. During the storm the other day, several windows cracked. 8. “Hurrah!” shouted the boys. “We won!” 9. That man seems consumed by anger or sadness. 10. On my desk was a long yellow pencil.
  20. 20. 1) noun, noun, preposition 6) noun, pronoun, adjective 2) pronoun, adverb, adjective 7) preposition, adverb, adjective 3) noun, adverb, preposition 8) Interjection, verb, pronoun 4) adjective, verb, adverb 9) adverb, adjective, preposition 5) adverb, verb, noun 10) preposition, noun, adjective