Eritrean Summary Eritrea: A Brief History & Political Structure
Country Facts: Asmara is the capital of Eritrea. Eritrea also has 2 important seaports due to their proximity to the Red Sea. These seaports are: Assab and Massawa. Their maritime claims are 12 nautical miles of the Red Sea. The climate is either that of a hot & dry desert area or cooler and wetter in the higher terrains. Eritrea has approximately 2,234 km of coastline and their bordering areas are the Sudan, Djibouti, Ethiopia, and the Red Ses
Historically, Eritrea’s main threat militarily has been the country of Ethiopia. There are frequent threats of war between these two countries, and because of this Eritrea, with all of it’s potential to become an excellent business “partner” (with any western cultures), has been deterrred
Eritrea was once an established Italian colony beginning in 1890. Italy severed relations with Eritrea after the British took the colony from Italy in 1941.
Eritrea, once an independently established country was annexed by Ethiopia as a province in 1962. This created social unrest and marked the beginning of a long struggle against the government of Ethiopia until 1993, when it became an independent country yet again.
This fight for independence still remains in modern times. A U.S. State travel warning was issued against traveling to Eritrea due to continued tensions with Ethiopia, Most recently, as of June 11, 2008. Quoted from the state.gov website, the consular warning stated, “ “… .It reiterates the Department of State’s recommendation that U.S. citizens defer non-essential travel to Eritrea due to restrictions on travel outside the capital city of Asmara and heightened tensions along Eritrea’s borders with Ethiopia and Djibouti…American citizens considering travel within Eritrea should be aware of the presence of large numbers of Eritrean and Ethiopian troops along the Eritrean-Ethiopian border, and acute political tensions between the two countries. In March 2008, the Government of the State of Eritrea’s (GSE) restrictions on diesel fuel supplies caused UNMEE detachments to withdraw from the Temporary Security Zone (TSZ), leaving no international observers monitoring the border. Since April, Djiboutian and Eritrean troops have been deployed along the northeastern border of Djibouti. The Djiboutian government claims Eritrean troops have crossed into its territory and on June 10, 2008, Djiboutian and Eritrean troops exchanged fire along their shared border. U.S. citizens are strongly advised to avoid travel near the Eritrean-Ethiopian border and non-essential travel to the Southern Red Sea region, including the port of Assab. The GSE continues to restrict the travel of all foreign nationals, including resident diplomats. These restrictions require all visitors and residents to apply with the GSE 10 days in advance for permission to travel outside Asmara city limits. As a result, the U.S. Embassy cannot provide consular assistance in an emergency outside of Asmara. Travelers also should be aware that that the GSE does not inform the U.S. Embassy when American citizens have been arrested or detained……”
Eritrea is known to have a socialist political structure. Political in-fighting is not uncommon
Eritrea has a command economy under the control of the sole political party, the People's Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ).
The People's Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ) is the only legal political entity in Eritrea. It is nominally Marxist, but is often considered African socialist and holds itself open to nationalists of any political affiliation. It is the successor to the Eritrean People's Liberation Front. The leader of the party and President of Eritrea is Isaias Afewerki.
The Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF) was an armed organization that fought for the independence of Eritrea from Ethiopia. It emerged in 1970 as an intellectual left- wing group that split from the Eritrean Liberation Front
WEFRI WARSAY YIKA’ALO ECONOMIC GOALS OF THE COUNTRY
Eritrea recognizes the importance of building their economic structure and the importance of the Wefri Warsay Yika’alo initiative which was established to assist their economic goals after reviewing their wartorn country. This initiative is welcome by the Eritreans.
Under Wefri Warsay Yika'alo: The Eritreans plans include
Repairs to the following infrastructures:
It is evident that these items are considered important in all business matters. In fact, we would recognize them in the US as verticals and are integral for business partnerships
CURRENT INTERNATIONAL BUSINESSES INVESTING INTO ERITREA
Note: Youtube has some excellent videos showing the beauty of this country. Though you may have to keep in mind that propaganda is always going to play a part in media, the videos themselves showcase the landscape and parts of the culture