15th and 16th Century Italian Art:
The Ninja Turtles
Ms. Lee
Humanism
•Humanist writings spread
•Emphasis on education and expanding
knowledge
•Exploration of individual potential
•Co...
Ghiberti vs. Brunelleschi
•Competition for the Florence baptistery
•Submitted a relief panel
•Ghiberti won
Ghiberti’s Panel
•Emphasized grace and smoothness
•Recalls Greco-Roman statuary
•Appreciation of the nude male
•Includes s...
Brunelleschi
•Fascination with Roman architecture
•Most acknowledged Renaissance
architect
•Unfinished dome of Florence Ca...
The Medici
•Wealthy Florentine banking family
•Cultivated humanists
•Cosimo Medici started first library since
antiquity
•...
Donatello
•Enthusiasm for Roman virtue and form
•Depicted diverse figures
•Advanced classical idealism and natural
illusio...
16th Century
•Designated as High Renaissance
•Developed from 15th Century ideas
•Economy Growing
•Reformation began
Leonardo’s Art
•Studied under Verrocchio
•Demonstrated use of chiaroscuro
•Used atmospheric perspective
•Used sfumato (mis...
Leonardo’s Science
•Studied botany, geology, geography,
zoology, ect.
•Influenced his art
•Observational approach
•Anatomy...
Julius II
•Noted for contributions in art
•Commissioned St. Peter’s basilica,
tomb, Sistine Chapel ceiling, papal
apartmen...
St. Peter’s Basilica
•Commissioned to gain control of Italy
•Bramante was chosen
•Devoloped form of central-plan church
•P...
Michelangelo’s Sculpture
•Architect, sculptor, painter, poet, engineer
•Saw himself as a sculptor
•Material defines art
•M...
Michelangelo’s Painting
•Tomb suspension led to Sistine Chapel
ceiling
•Enormous difficulties
•Little experience in fresco...
Raphael
•Learned from his father
•Chosen to paint papal apartments in
Vatican
•Only finished library and room of
Heliodoru...
Summed Up
•Humanism’s importance
•Ghiberti’s influence
•Brunelleschi’s architecture
•Donatello
•Leonardo
•Michelangelo
•Ra...
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Renaissance Art

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Renaissance Art

  1. 1. 15th and 16th Century Italian Art: The Ninja Turtles Ms. Lee
  2. 2. Humanism •Humanist writings spread •Emphasis on education and expanding knowledge •Exploration of individual potential •Commitment to civic responsibility •Elite funded art
  3. 3. Ghiberti vs. Brunelleschi •Competition for the Florence baptistery •Submitted a relief panel •Ghiberti won
  4. 4. Ghiberti’s Panel •Emphasized grace and smoothness •Recalls Greco-Roman statuary •Appreciation of the nude male •Includes spatial illusion Richardfabi, “The Sacrifice of Isaac” March 2005 via Wikipedia, Creative Commons Attribution
  5. 5. Brunelleschi •Fascination with Roman architecture •Most acknowledged Renaissance architect •Unfinished dome of Florence Cathedral •Created new building methods and tools
  6. 6. The Medici •Wealthy Florentine banking family •Cultivated humanists •Cosimo Medici started first library since antiquity •Commissioned many artworks
  7. 7. Donatello •Enthusiasm for Roman virtue and form •Depicted diverse figures •Advanced classical idealism and natural illusion •David, first free-standing nude since antiquity Br1dotcom, “David di Donatello [1/35]” March 9, 2009 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution
  8. 8. 16th Century •Designated as High Renaissance •Developed from 15th Century ideas •Economy Growing •Reformation began
  9. 9. Leonardo’s Art •Studied under Verrocchio •Demonstrated use of chiaroscuro •Used atmospheric perspective •Used sfumato (misty haziness) •The Mona Lisa
  10. 10. Leonardo’s Science •Studied botany, geology, geography, zoology, ect. •Influenced his art •Observational approach •Anatomy’s importance to art •Journals included inventions
  11. 11. Julius II •Noted for contributions in art •Commissioned St. Peter’s basilica, tomb, Sistine Chapel ceiling, papal apartments •Selling of indulgences
  12. 12. St. Peter’s Basilica •Commissioned to gain control of Italy •Bramante was chosen •Devoloped form of central-plan church •Pantheon used as a model •Unfinished in Bramante’s lifetime •Passed to Michelangelo to finish
  13. 13. Michelangelo’s Sculpture •Architect, sculptor, painter, poet, engineer •Saw himself as a sculptor •Material defines art •Mistrusted mathematical applications to art •Michelangelo’s David •Julis II’s tomb Jay8085, “David” July 7, 2008 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution
  14. 14. Michelangelo’s Painting •Tomb suspension led to Sistine Chapel ceiling •Enormous difficulties •Little experience in fresco painting •Complicated perspective problems
  15. 15. Raphael •Learned from his father •Chosen to paint papal apartments in Vatican •Only finished library and room of Heliodorus •Developed style according to Leonardo and Michelangelo
  16. 16. Summed Up •Humanism’s importance •Ghiberti’s influence •Brunelleschi’s architecture •Donatello •Leonardo •Michelangelo •Raphael

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