Geo thermal Power plants

Uploaded on

All about Geothermal power plants

All about Geothermal power plants

More in: Technology , Business
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads


Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. Geothermal Energy Presented by Vijay Marcel D I year M.Tech(R.E)
  • 2. Introduction-Geothermal Energy • Geothermal Energy is the thermal energy generated and stored in earth • U.S geological survey defines geothermal source as “all of the heat stored in the earth’s crust above 15oC to a depth of 10 Km”.
  • 3. Geothermal sources • Five general categories of geothermal resources has been identified • Hydrothermal convective systems • Vapor dominated or dry steam fields • Liquid-dominated system or wet steam fields • Hot-water fields • Geopressure resources • Hot dry rocks • Magma resources • Volcanoes
  • 4. Geothermal systems • In commercial use there are essentially five types of geothermal systems. – Dry steam power plants – Single flash power plants – Double flash power plants – Multiple flash power plants – Binary power plants
  • 5. Dry steam power plants
  • 6. • Dry steam power plants extract heat at 200 oC and 4-8MPa • Water is injected to the geothermal zone and the heat transported from the hot rocks by convection of water in porous medium. • Steam drives the turbine,which coupled with the generator produces electricity. • The steam is condensed and pumped back into the geothermal zone.
  • 7. Single flash power plant
  • 8. • The water in the reservoir is at 230oC and 4MPa • The liquid originates mainly from depth of 600m to 1400m and is flashed into mixture of steam and brine at the surface. • After passing through a cyclone separator to remove the water the steam is supplied to the turbine,which coupled with the generator to produce electricity • The brine withdrawn from cyclone separator after flashing is injected to the well
  • 9. Double flash power plant
  • 10. • Double flash power plant is similar to that of single flash power plant. • The brine from the I stage cyclone separtor is admitted to a II second stage low pressure cylone separator • The steamfrom the II stage cyclone separtor is supplied to a low pressure turbine • The remaining spent brine is reinjected to the ground.
  • 11. Binary cycle power plant
  • 12. • In reservoirs where temperatures are typically less than 220oC (430oF). but greater than 100oC (212oF). binary cycle plants are often utilised. • The reservoir fluid (either steam or water or both) is passed through a heat exchanger. • It heats a secondary working fluid which has a boiling point lower than 100oC (212oF). This is typically an organic fluid such as Isopentane, which is vaporised and is used to drive the turbine. • The fluid in a binary plant is recycled back to the heat exchanger and forms a closed loop. • The cooled reservoir fluid is again re-injected back into the reservoir
  • 13. Hot Dry Rock or Enhanced geothermal systems
  • 14. • Wells are drilled 3-6 km into crust • water is pumped into hot, crystalline rock via an injection well, becomes superheated as it flows through open joints in the hot rock reservoir, and is returned through production wells. • At the surface, the useful heat is extracted by conventional processes, and the same water is recirculated to mine more heat.
  • 15. Advantages of Geothermal power plant • Unlike solar energy or wind energy, it is not dependent on the weather conditions. • Clean source of power. • Less area is required. • Unhindered production of power. • Additional capacity can be added to produce more power and is thus flexible. • Maintenance cost of geothermal power plants is very less.
  • 16. Technological Issues • Geothermal fluids often contain significant quantities of gases such as hydrogen sulphide as well as dissolved chemicals and can sometimes be acidic and is corrosive. • Well casings and pipelines can suffer corrosion and or scale deposition, and turbines, especially blades can suffer damage leading to higher maintenance costs and reduced power output. • These potential problems can be overcome by a combination of utilizing corrosion resistant materials, careful control of brine temperatures, the use of steam scrubbers and occasionally using corrosion inhibitors.
  • 17. • Geothermal plants results in emission of huge quantities of waste heat ,which can damage fisheries. • possible remedies include reinjection of surplus cooling tower water and the generation of additional power by means of binary fluid cycles. • The withdrawal of huge quantities of underground fluid from wet field can cause substantial ground subsidence. Re-injection of the fluid is the best solution to the problem
  • 18. Thank you