Presentatie Vrij. Africa

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Presentatie Vrij. Africa

  1. 1. PRISON AND THE DRUG-ADDICTED PRISONER IN GREECE THE CASE OF THE PRISONERS COUNSELING UNIT. KETHEA-THESSALONIKI NORTH GREECE
  2. 2. <ul><li>30 prisons are operating in Greece </li></ul><ul><li>3 prisons are under construction in order to work during the next year </li></ul>
  3. 3. TYPES OF GREEK PRISONS <ul><li>JUDICIAL PRISONS (includes military prisons) </li></ul><ul><li>CLOSED PRISONS </li></ul><ul><li>RURAL PRISONS </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>11.000 prisoners </li></ul><ul><li>42% of the prisoners, broke the law for drug issues </li></ul><ul><li>75% of the prisoners, commited crimes related to drugs </li></ul>
  5. 5. The profile of the clients <ul><li>The clients of the Unit: </li></ul><ul><li>are basically male (90 %) </li></ul><ul><li>the majority of them use heroin. Cannabis is followed </li></ul><ul><li>they come from Northern Greece (area of Thessaloniki) </li></ul><ul><li>they informed about the Unit, through a co-prisoner, or a lawyer, or the social service of the prison, or through the media. </li></ul><ul><li>The interest of the Unit, concerns with problems related to drugs and law problems </li></ul>
  6. 6. LAWS FOR DRUGS IN GREECE <ul><li>1952- For the first time, drug addicted people defined as “mentally ill”. </li></ul><ul><li>1729/1987 Therapeutic programs are getting permission to get access in the prisons and help the addicted prisoners. </li></ul><ul><li>There have been incessant modifications of this law, with laws 2161/1993, 2331/1995, 2408/1996, 2479/1997, and 2721/1999. </li></ul>
  7. 7. INTERVENTION <ul><li>PROFILE OF PRISON </li></ul><ul><li>SENTENCES </li></ul><ul><li>PROFILE OF THE PRISONERS </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The Counseling Unit for Drug Addicted Prisoners of Thessaloniki, is the first contact of the drug addicted prisoners of Northern Greece. </li></ul>
  9. 9. INTERVENTIONS IN PRISONS OF NORTH GREECE-KETHEA PRISONS IN DIAVATA- -THESSALONIKI MEN WOMEN TEENS FOREIGNERS (ALBANIANS)
  10. 10. INTERVENTIONS IN PRISONS OF NORTH GREECE-KETHEA <ul><li>Military Prisons in Thessaloniki </li></ul><ul><li>Rural Prisons in Kassandra-Chalkidiki </li></ul><ul><li>Closed Prisons in Komotini </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The duration of the counseling programme is 15 months </li></ul><ul><li>The basic assumptions of the participation are: </li></ul><ul><li>must be a drug addicted person, </li></ul><ul><li>must be medically enable in order to participate, </li></ul><ul><li>active attendance at the therapeutic activities of the Unit </li></ul>
  12. 12. Previous Research <ul><li>Most of the clients used drugs before they got into the prison. </li></ul><ul><li>The majority of the clients continue use drugs at the prison. </li></ul><ul><li>The majority of the clients use heroin. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the client take heroin by injection and they exchange syringes with other prisoners. </li></ul><ul><li>There are some clients having a high risk behavior for the transfer of the HIV virus. </li></ul>
  13. 13. BASIC RULES OF THE PROGRAM <ul><li>Violence or threatening is forbidden </li></ul><ul><li>The participants must be active </li></ul><ul><li>Drug use or drug promoting is forbidden during the group session </li></ul><ul><li>The confidentiality of the group </li></ul>
  14. 14. TARGETS OF THE TREATMENT MODEL OF KETHEA <ul><li>Counseling and preparation for recover </li></ul><ul><li>Harm reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of deviant behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Advising and counseling of the families </li></ul><ul><li>Referrals to Therapeutic Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Advising </li></ul>
  15. 15. CLIENTS
  16. 16. MONTHLY RATE OF PEOPLE RECEIVING SERVICES
  17. 17. CLIENTS IN EACH PRISON
  18. 18. <ul><li>Almost 1600 enrolments carried out since 1998. All these enrolments represent almost 1364 persons. </li></ul>
  19. 19. REFERALS 26 2008 17 2007 21 2006 11 2005 CLIENTS YEAR

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