The Roman Republic Lecture


Published on

Published in: News & Politics, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Patricians: wealthy landownersPlebeians: majority of Romans; common working class; couldn’t hold office
  • When the plebeians went on strike, they left the city; patricians had no one to make things or serve themThe two classes couldn’t intermarryBoth paid taxes and served in the army
  • Magistrates: elected officials; different levels of magistratesTripartite: three-part government to ensure power-sharing
  • Veto: “I forbid it” in Latin
  • TwelveTables: similar to Code of Hammurabi; many people couldn’t read though
  • The Roman Republic Lecture

    1. 1. Government of the RomanRepublic
    2. 2. The Beginning The Roman patricians wantedmore power and didn’t want to beruled by the Etruscan kings Kings were helping the plebeians Patricians promised to give theplebeians power in the newgovernment if they would helpoverthrow the kings 509BC: The patricians andplebeians worked together tooverthrow the kings
    3. 3. Representative vs. DirectDemocracy Direct Democracy: citizens votedirectly on the laws◦ Example? Representative Democracy:citizens vote for leaders who makedecisions for them (often moreefficient)◦ Example? Republic: a type of government inwhich citizens who have the right tovote select their leaders◦ Example?
    4. 4. Birth of the RepublicOnce in power, the patriciansdidn’t give the plebeians poweras they had promised494BC: The plebeians went onstrikePatricians gave the poor men theright to votePlebs would gain further rightsover the next several hundredyears
    5. 5. Overview of the RomanGovernment Representativedemocracy◦ Elected officialswere calledmagistrates, butthere were manydifferent types ofmagistrates Tripartite◦ Magistrates◦ Senate◦ Assemblies andTribunes
    6. 6. Magistrates 2 consuls were the mostpowerful and ran thegovernment Patricians only, laterchanged to one patricianand one plebeian Could only serve for oneyear Could veto each other With the Senate, consulscould appoint an dictator inan emergency◦ Could only serve for 6
    7. 7. The Senate 300 patricians(later allowedplebs) Served for life Advised theconsuls Passed laws
    8. 8. Assemblies and Tribunes Assemblies: elected magistratesand made of plebeians and patricians Council of Tribunes:◦ Set up in 471BC after the plebsdemanded more rights◦ Plebeians elected members by voting◦ Members called tribunes◦ Could veto actions and laws by theSenate◦ Served for only 1 year Most democratic branchof the government◦ Why?
    9. 9. Plebeians Gain Rights 471 BC: Council ofTribunes set up (tribunes) 455 BC: Plebs allowed tomarry patricians 451BC: Twelve Tables -laws were written down andposted in public 367 BC: Plebs allowed tobecome consuls 287 BC: Plebs could nowpass laws for all Romancitizens, not just otherplebeians
    10. 10. Citizenship Both men and women Could run for government positions Different levels based on wealth/lineage meantdifferent rights◦ Full citizen: free, landowning men, over age 15 Rights: vote, marry free persons (not slaves), couldbuy/sell/trade goods, hold public office◦ Partial 1: women couldn’t vote or hold public office butcould own property and engage in trade◦ Partial 2: could vote and trade, but couldn’t hold officeor marry free women (freed slaves, conqueredpeople, criminals) Citizens wore white togas to show they were notslaves◦ Purple togas in the Empire
    11. 11. Civic DutyDuty to help city prosper throughgovernmentAttend assembly meetings andvoteWealthy: hold office and run city
    12. 12. Checks and BalancesMethods to balance power ingovernmentGovernment officials held powerover other government officials◦ Ex: veto power of consuls andCouncil of TribunesComplicated government
    13. 13. Law of the Twelve Tables Only patricians knew laws Plebeians could break laws theydidn’t know about Plebs demanded laws be writtendown 450 BC: Law of the Twelve Tablescreated Laws were written on twelve bronzetables (tablets) and posted in theForum◦ Roman Forum: meeting place thatincluded important buildings, temples