Sumer Civilization   History Alive Textbook
Stable Food                   Supply Used (1) IRRIGATION SYSTEM to   farm in the (2) FERTILE   CRESCENT in Mesopotamia I...
Social Structure (5) UPPER: priests, land owners, government officials    Had large two-story homes made of whitewashed ...
Government City-states were led by kings (8) CHOSEN BY GODS Enforced laws, collected taxes, maintained irrigation   and ...
Religion Affected all parts of life and created a bond between   people Believed they could please the gods by showing l...
Arts Painting, architecture, music (15) METALWORKERS made weapons, cups,   jewelry, mirrors (16) MUSICIANS played music...
Technology Most important: (18) WHEEL in (19) 3500 BCE   Used for pottery, farmer carts, army chariots   Before, used a...
Writing Invented (22) CUNEIFORM, a highly  developed written language, around 2400  BCE Wrote on (23) CLAY TABLETS Used...
Standard of Ur - War
Standard of Ur - Peace
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Sumer Presentation

628

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
628
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Photo: http://www.pcb007.com/pages/zone.cgi?a=47929
  • Sumer Presentation

    1. 1. Sumer Civilization History Alive Textbook
    2. 2. Stable Food Supply Used (1) IRRIGATION SYSTEM to farm in the (2) FERTILE CRESCENT in Mesopotamia Invented the (3) PLOW to till the soil and prepare it for planting  Before, they poked holes in the ground using animal bones, which took a very long time. Used (4) OXEN to pull the plow
    3. 3. Social Structure (5) UPPER: priests, land owners, government officials  Had large two-story homes made of whitewashed mud walls in the city center (6) MIDDLE: merchants and craftspeople  Used gold, silver, tin, led, copper, bronze  Made swords, plows, hoes, mirrors, jewelry (7) LOWER: Slaves  Had no property and lived with owner
    4. 4. Government City-states were led by kings (8) CHOSEN BY GODS Enforced laws, collected taxes, maintained irrigation and army Army made of professional soldiers and temporary citizen-soldiers  Foot soldiers, (9) CHARIOT DRIVERS (10) GOVERNORS ruled towns outside the main city (11) SCRIBES recorded laws
    5. 5. Religion Affected all parts of life and created a bond between people Believed they could please the gods by showing love and devotion King built and maintained huge temples, or (12) ZIGGURATS, where the gods lived  Staircases allowed gods to come down to Earth Statues showed people (13) WORSHIPPING Religious (14) CEREMONIES involved music and sometimes human sacrifice
    6. 6. Arts Painting, architecture, music (15) METALWORKERS made weapons, cups, jewelry, mirrors (16) MUSICIANS played music to entertain and please the gods and people  Played the drums, pipes, and (17) LYRE, a wooden instrument with strings that was often decorated
    7. 7. Technology Most important: (18) WHEEL in (19) 3500 BCE  Used for pottery, farmer carts, army chariots  Before, used a (20) SLEDGE, or flat-bottom cart  Wheeled carts were faster and easier for oxen to pull Invented upside-down U and V (21) ARCHES to make stronger doorways and more beautiful buildings
    8. 8. Writing Invented (22) CUNEIFORM, a highly developed written language, around 2400 BCE Wrote on (23) CLAY TABLETS Used to track trade Based on (24) PICTOGRAPHS, or symbols that stand for real objects
    9. 9. Standard of Ur - War
    10. 10. Standard of Ur - Peace

    ×