Persian and Peloponnesian Wars

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Persian and Peloponnesian Wars

  1. 1.  559 – 530 BC: Cyrus the Great controlled Persian Empire 520 BC: Persia took over Greek colonies on Asia Minor
  2. 2.  490 BC: Persians invade Greece, landing in Marathon just 25 miles from Athens 2 Persians for every 1 Greek Athenians suddenly attacked 6,400 Persians and 192 Greeks die Unites the Greek city-states
  3. 3.  480 BC Located in a mountain pass (southern Greece) 6,000 Greeks vs 200,000 Persians Greeks retreat but 300 Spartans stay Spartans all killed, but slowed Persian invasion
  4. 4.  Xerxes I was determined to defeat the Greeks after the results of Marathon and Thermopylae Themosticles, the Greek Leader, tricked the Persian navy into sailing into the narrow Strait of Salamis Persian ships were large, slow, and outnumbered the smaller, faster Greek ships Changed the direction of the war and led to a Greek victory over Persia
  5. 5.  War between Athens and Sparta (major rivals) Lasted for 27 years (431 – 404 BC) Named after the Peloponnese) Recorded by Thucydides (Greek historian)
  6. 6.  5-year plague before the war weakened Athens (killed 1/3 of people) 405 BC: Sparta sets up blockade blocking shipments of food to Athens 404 BC: Athens surrenders Ends Athenian dominance in the Greek world

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