Geography of Greece and theDevelopment of Civilization
Geography of Greece• Located on a (1) PENINSULA• Surrounded by islands and (2) ARCHIPELAGOS• Very (3) MOUNTAINOUS land• No part of Greece is further than (4) 90 MILES from the sea• Surrounded by the Aegean Sea in the (5) EAST, Ionian Sea in the (6) WEST, and the Mediterranean Sea in the (7) SOUTH.
Development of Cities• City-states were very (8) ISOLATED because of the mountains and seas• Travel over land was very (9) SLOW AND DIFFICULT• Traveling by boat was easier, but (10) STORMS, PIRATES, AND HIDDEN ROCKS were very dangerous
Development of Cities• Because cities were isolated, they developed their own customs and beliefs, which led to a lot of (11) FIGHTING• Cities shared common heritage, language, and gods• Cities also fought over farmland
Farming• Because of the (12) MOUNTAINS, rocky soil, and scarce water farming was very difficult and limited to only (13) 1/5 of the land of Greece• Farmers cut (13) TERRACES into the mountainside to help create farmland for wheat and barley• (14) GRAPES AND OLIVES grew well in the climate and needed less space to grow• Farmers also grew fruit and nut trees and raised bees for honey
Livestock• (15) CATTLE required too much land for grazing• Instead, ancient Greeks raised (16) SHEEP AND GOATS, which could graze on the mountainsides• (17) OXEN, MULES, AND DONKEYS were used to plow or transport goods
Development of Colonies• Because the best land was (18) LIMITED, some cities looked abroad to find enough land to support their people• (19) COLONIES, or settlements in distant places, developed• Colonists would bring a flame from their citys (20) SACRED FIRE to start a new sacred fire in their new city• Colonies helped spread (21) GREEK CULTURE and provide needed resources for the founding cities
Growth of Trade• Greeks relied more on (22) BOATS to travel because of their close proximity to the sea and the difficulty of overland travel• They became skilled (23) SHIP BUILDERS• Trade grew as a result for a (24) DEMAND FOR GOODS AND RESOURCES NOT AVAILABLE IN GREECE