How to get started on Research

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This presentation outlines basics of how to get started on research from creating a question and query to finding sources and gathering information.

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How to get started on Research

  1. 1. RESEARCH:MAKING A PLAN AND FINDINGRESOURCES Ms. Cheby, Teacher Librarian, November
  2. 2. Information Literacy Informatio n + Literacy
  3. 3. Information Literacy “To be information literate, a person must be able to recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information.” American Library Association, 1989
  4. 4. ™Research: The Big6 Skills 1. Task Definition 2. Info Seeking Strategies 3. Location & Access 4. Use of Information 5. Synthesis 6. Evaluation Copyright M. Eisenberg 2010
  5. 5. The Big6: Not Linear Task Definition Information SKILLS, See king Strategies NOT STEPS Location and Access Information Use Synthesis Evaluation
  6. 6. ™The Big6 Skills1. Task Definition 2. Info Seeking Strategies 3. Location & Access 4. Use of Information 5. Synthesis 6. Evaluation
  7. 7. Task Definition Define the problem:  What is the topic I have chosen? (BE SPECIFIC)  Write down your topic as a question that can later be restated as a thesis.  i.e. How did the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising resist the injustice horrors of the Holocaust? Did it lead to the end of the Holocaust?  Howmany/what kind of sourcesSOURCEI need according to the do : http://big6.com/pages/free-stuff.php, Accessed 4/19/2012 rubric?
  8. 8. Task Definition Become a question generator  See an example here. Identify keywords in your questions. Generate more keyword options:  Synonym: means the same  Hyponym: same meaning, but more specific (to narrow search)  Hypernym: same meaning, but more general (to broaden search)SOURCE: How To Do Research – World Book Student, Accessed 4/24/2012
  9. 9. Task DefinitionConstruct Web Search Query Prioritize keywords Use “Optimal Query Checklist” Combine using Boolean Terms & Keywords.SOURCE: How To Do Research – World Book Student, Accessed 4/24/2012
  10. 10. Information Seeking Strategies Determine all possible sources  Types of sources  Primary vs. secondary sources  Popular vs. Scholarly Sources
  11. 11. Information Seeking Strategies Determine all possible sources  Types of sources Newspapers Scholarly Journals Magazines/Periodicals Books Reference Books Websites People  Primary vs. secondary sources  Popular vs. Scholarly Sources SOURCE: http://big6.com/pages/free-stuff.php, Accessed 4/19/2012
  12. 12. Information Seeking Strategies Determine all possible sources  Types of sources Newspapers Scholarly Journals Magazines/Periodicals Books Reference Books Websites People  Primary vs. secondary sources  Popular vs. Scholarly Sources SOURCE: http://big6.com/pages/free-stuff.php, Accessed 4/19/2012
  13. 13. Information Seeking Strategies Determine all possible sources  Types of sources  Primary  examples: Birth Certificates, Diaries, Diplomatic Correspondence, Executive Orders, Legal Records, Letters, News Film Footage, Government Records, Literary texts  secondary sources  Examples: Historical accounts, encyclopedia articles, literary criticism  Popular vs. Scholarly SourcesSOURCE: How to Do Research –World Book Student, accessed 4/27/2012
  14. 14. Information Seeking Strategies Determine all possible sources  Types of sources  Primary vs. secondary sources  Popular vs. Scholary Sources  Scholarly sources: • evaluated by experts /"peer reviewed" • Based on research • Written for researchers / students • Clearly and accurately lists/sites references SOURCE: http://big6.com/pages/free-stuff.php, Accessed 4/19/2012
  15. 15. Location & Access Locate sources  Library Catalog  LAUSD Digital Library  Ms. Cheby’s Resource Blogs
  16. 16. Location & Access Locate sources  Library Catalog  Books  Websites  Databases  LAUSD Digital Library  Ms. Cheby’s Resource Blogs
  17. 17. Location & Access Locate sources  Library Catalog  LAUSD Digital Library  What is a Database?  How to use a database?  Ms. Cheby’s Resource Blogs
  18. 18. Location & Access Locate sources  Library Catalog  LAUSD Digital Library  Ms. Cheby’s Resource Blogs
  19. 19. Location & Access Find Information within sources  SourceCards/Bibliographic Information  Record information for bibliography  Use MLA Style Guides  Evidence for assignment
  20. 20. Information Seeking Strategies Choosing the Best Sources  Why not Wikipedia?  CARRDSS  Academic Sources vs. Popular Sources
  21. 21. Information Seeking Strategies Choosing the Best Sources  Why not Wikipedia?  CARRDSS CREDIBILITY / AUTHORITY ACCURACY RELIABILITY RELEVANCE DATE SOURCES BEHIND THE TEXT SCOPE AND PURPOSE  Academic Sources vs. Popular Sources Source: Carol H. Rohrbach, language arts coordinator, School District of Springfield Township, Erdenheim, PA
  22. 22. Information Seeking Strategies Determine all possible sources  Types of sources  Primary vs. secondary sources Choosing the Best Sources  Why not Wikipedia?  CARRDSS  Academic Sources vs. Popular Sources  You can determine if a source is scholarly or popular by looking at the author, audience, language use, organization, and references cited.
  23. 23. The Virtual Library Resource Blog: http://chebyteacher937.word press.com/ Verdugo Hills High School Library and Media Center http://twitter.com/LibrarianCh eby

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