Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
The bolsheviks in power
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

The bolsheviks in power

11,396

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
11,396
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
72
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. The Bolsheviks in Power
    • February 1917 - the Tsar is overthrown by popular revolt. Replaced by liberal government.
    • October 1917 - Bolshevik Revolution establishes communist state.
    • July 1918 – New constitution establishes ‘Soviet Federal Socialist Republic’
  • 2. Key Figures
    • Lenin
    • Trotsky
    • Zinoviev
    • Kamenev
    • Bukharin
    • (Stalin has minor role initially)
  • 3. Lenin’s Reforms
    • Eight hour working day
    • Workers elected factory committee’s who were given far-reaching powers.
    • ‘ Decree on Land’ abolished private ownership of land. Redistributed to the peasants without compensation for owners.
    • Women given the vote and guaranteed equality.
    • Universal free education. Major campaign to combat adult illiteracy.
    • All ranks and titles were abolished.
    • Civil marriages introduced.
  • 4. Opposition to Communist Rule
    • ‘ White Russians’ included members of Socialist Revolutionary Party, liberals, nationalists, ex-army officers and fascists.
    • Invasions by 14 different ‘Allied Countries to help the White Army.
    • Invasion force totals 250,000 troops
    • Brutal War lasts until 1923. Trotsky masterminds Red Army victory.
    • Up to 1 million die in fighting and 3 million more from famine and disease that sweeps Russia.
  • 5. War Communism
    • To preserve the Revolution during the Civil War
    • Grain Requisitioning
    • Banning of private trade
    • Nationalisation of industry
    • Labour discipline
    • Rationing
    • The Red Terror
  • 6. New Economic Policy
    • By 1921 Russia’s economy in crisis.
    • ROTCOM
    • - R = requisitioning stopped.
    • - O = ownership of small businesses encouraged.
    • - T = trade ban lifted.
    • - COM = commanding heights of industry with the state.
  • 7. NEP Results 1921-28
    • Recovery to pre-war production levels.
    • By 1923 cereal production had increased by 25% on 1920 levels.
    • Rapid increase in agricultural output.
    • From 1920-23 factory output rose by 200%.
    • The emergence of 'Nepmen'
  • 8. Power Struggle
    • Lenin died 1924.
    • Power struggle between Stalin ‘s supporters and Trotsky’s Left Opposition.
    • Political power struggle
    • Trotsky’s ‘Permanent Revolution’ – Russia’s working class too small to build socialism. Encourage spread of Revolution
    • Stalin’s ‘Socialism in One Country’ – Revolution outside Russia unlikely. Russians should get on with building socialism themselves.
  • 9. Stalin Comes to Power
    • Stalin’s suppresses Lenin’s Last Testament that called for his removal as CP General Secretary.
    • Stalin joined with Zinoviev and Kamenev to defeat Trotsky at the Party Congress of 1924.
    • He builds up a network within the Party apparatus through appointing his own supporters to party positions.
    • In 1925 Stalin allied with Bukharin, against Zinoviev and Kamenev,
  • 10.  
  • 11.
    • Stalin advocates the continuation of the NEP.
    • Communist Party supports ‘Socialism in One Country’
    • In 1928, Stalin turned against the NEP and begins Collectivisation.
    • Bukharin is defeated and Stalin became the undisputed leader of the USSR in 1929.
    Stalin Comes to Power
  • 12.
    • Presentation prepared by:
    • Dominic Haugh
    • St. Particks Comprehensive School
    • Shannon
    • Co. Clare
    • Presentation can be used for educational purposes only – all rights remain with author

×