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The bolsheviks in power
 

The bolsheviks in power

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    The bolsheviks in power The bolsheviks in power Presentation Transcript

    • The Bolsheviks in Power
      • February 1917 - the Tsar is overthrown by popular revolt. Replaced by liberal government.
      • October 1917 - Bolshevik Revolution establishes communist state.
      • July 1918 – New constitution establishes ‘Soviet Federal Socialist Republic’
    • Key Figures
      • Lenin
      • Trotsky
      • Zinoviev
      • Kamenev
      • Bukharin
      • (Stalin has minor role initially)
    • Lenin’s Reforms
      • Eight hour working day
      • Workers elected factory committee’s who were given far-reaching powers.
      • ‘ Decree on Land’ abolished private ownership of land. Redistributed to the peasants without compensation for owners.
      • Women given the vote and guaranteed equality.
      • Universal free education. Major campaign to combat adult illiteracy.
      • All ranks and titles were abolished.
      • Civil marriages introduced.
    • Opposition to Communist Rule
      • ‘ White Russians’ included members of Socialist Revolutionary Party, liberals, nationalists, ex-army officers and fascists.
      • Invasions by 14 different ‘Allied Countries to help the White Army.
      • Invasion force totals 250,000 troops
      • Brutal War lasts until 1923. Trotsky masterminds Red Army victory.
      • Up to 1 million die in fighting and 3 million more from famine and disease that sweeps Russia.
    • War Communism
      • To preserve the Revolution during the Civil War
      • Grain Requisitioning
      • Banning of private trade
      • Nationalisation of industry
      • Labour discipline
      • Rationing
      • The Red Terror
    • New Economic Policy
      • By 1921 Russia’s economy in crisis.
      • ROTCOM
      • - R = requisitioning stopped.
      • - O = ownership of small businesses encouraged.
      • - T = trade ban lifted.
      • - COM = commanding heights of industry with the state.
    • NEP Results 1921-28
      • Recovery to pre-war production levels.
      • By 1923 cereal production had increased by 25% on 1920 levels.
      • Rapid increase in agricultural output.
      • From 1920-23 factory output rose by 200%.
      • The emergence of 'Nepmen'
    • Power Struggle
      • Lenin died 1924.
      • Power struggle between Stalin ‘s supporters and Trotsky’s Left Opposition.
      • Political power struggle
      • Trotsky’s ‘Permanent Revolution’ – Russia’s working class too small to build socialism. Encourage spread of Revolution
      • Stalin’s ‘Socialism in One Country’ – Revolution outside Russia unlikely. Russians should get on with building socialism themselves.
    • Stalin Comes to Power
      • Stalin’s suppresses Lenin’s Last Testament that called for his removal as CP General Secretary.
      • Stalin joined with Zinoviev and Kamenev to defeat Trotsky at the Party Congress of 1924.
      • He builds up a network within the Party apparatus through appointing his own supporters to party positions.
      • In 1925 Stalin allied with Bukharin, against Zinoviev and Kamenev,
    •  
      • Stalin advocates the continuation of the NEP.
      • Communist Party supports ‘Socialism in One Country’
      • In 1928, Stalin turned against the NEP and begins Collectivisation.
      • Bukharin is defeated and Stalin became the undisputed leader of the USSR in 1929.
      Stalin Comes to Power
      • Presentation prepared by:
      • Dominic Haugh
      • St. Particks Comprehensive School
      • Shannon
      • Co. Clare
      • Presentation can be used for educational purposes only – all rights remain with author