Stalin’s show trials
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Stalin’s show trials

on

  • 16,231 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
16,231
Views on SlideShare
6,961
Embed Views
9,270

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
84
Comments
0

4 Embeds 9,270

http://leavingcerthistory.net 9265
http://translate.googleusercontent.com 2
http://www.google.ie 2
https://www.google.ie 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Stalin’s show trials Stalin’s show trials Presentation Transcript

    • Stalin’s Show Trials
      • Three Show Trials
      • 1936
      • 1937
      • 1938
      • Remove Political Opponents
    • Leon Trotsky
      • Stalin removes opponents
      • Left Opposition banned in 1927
      • Trotsky exiled to Kazakhstan in 1928
      • Expelled from Soviet Union in 1929
      • Murdered by Stalinist agent in Mexico in 1941
      • Trotsky’s son Leon Sedov murdered by Stalinist agent in Paris in 1938
      • Another son Sergei Sedov was murdered in 1937 during the Great Purges
    • The Moscow Show Trials
      • Stalin’s political enemies and rivals were accused of treason, spying for Germany and Japan and for having links with Trotsky.
      • A Military Show Trial takes place in 1937
      • 25 out of the top 29 army and navy commanders were executed
      • Half of the 35,000 Red Army officers were shot or imprisoned
      • The majority of those found guilty were sent to the Gulags (prison camps)
    • The First Show Trial 1936
      • The Trial of the 16.
      • Prosecutor Vyshinsky.
      • Principal defendants Kamenev and Zinoviev.
      • Defendants accused of murdering Kirov and attempting to kill Stalin, Lenin and others.
      • Amazingly – all 16 defendants plead guilty.
      • All defendants executed within 24 hours.
      • Family members killed or exiled.
      • Stalin promised Kamenev and Zinoviev their lives would be spared if the pleaded guilty and blamed Trotsky.
    • The Second Show Trial 1937
      • The Trial of the 17
      • Principal defendants Pyatakov and Radek
      • Most of the remainder had backed Trotsky against Stalin
      • Accused of working with Trotsky to wreck the Soviet Union and restore capitalism in Russia
      • Thirteen executed the day of their conviction
      • The other four given lengthy prison sentences after ‘implicating’ others in the ‘conspiracy’
      • Radek died two years later in a Gulag
    • The Third Show Trial 1938
      • The Trial of the 21
      • Principal defendants Bukharin, Rykov and Kretinsky.
      • Yagoda, who organised the earlier show trials was also accused.
      • Charged with spying and sabotage and attempting to murder Stalin.
      • All crimes were committed on the ‘instructions’ of Trotsky.
      • As with the other trials – the defendants were tortured and forced to make ‘prepared’ confessions.
      • Bukharin initially pleaded innocence and then guilty to no particular charge. He was repeatedly tortured and eventually caved in when the lives of his wife and infant son were threatened.
      • All the accused were executed immediately.
      • Bukharin’s wife spent 20 years in a Gulag.
      • She wrote a powerful and moving account of the Show Trials that was published in 1988.
      • His son grew up in orphanages. Yuri Larin only found out who his father was in 1956.
      The Third Show Trial 1938
    • Results of the Show Trials
      • The terror of the trials spread throughout the country.
      • After the Military Show Trial the army was unprepared for war with Germany due to the loss of its commanders.
      • Only 54 people were tried and found guilty.
      • At least 7 million people were executed or died in the Gulag.
      • Presentation prepared by:
      • Dominic Haugh
      • St. Particks Comprehensive School
      • Shannon
      • Co. Clare
      • Presentation can be used for educational purposes only – all rights remain with author