Rise of the nazis


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Rise of the nazis

  1. 1. The Rise of the Nazi Party <ul><li>The Beginning of the Nazis </li></ul><ul><li>The Munich Putsch 1923 </li></ul><ul><li>Aftermath of the Munich Putsch </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Mein Kampf’ </li></ul><ul><li>Support for the Nazis Declines </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler Reorganises the Nazis </li></ul>
  2. 2. The Beginning of the Nazis <ul><li>In 1919 Hitler joined the German Workers Party as a spy for the German Government. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1920 the party changes it’s name to NSDAP (Nazis) and adopts the 25 point programme (nationalist and anti-semtic) </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler became leader in 1921 and adopted the swastika emblem. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler then set up the SA (brownshirts) as private &quot;army&quot; under the leadership of Ernst Rohm. </li></ul><ul><li>The Brownshirts break up left-wing meetings and attack communists and anti-Nazis. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Munich Putsch 1923 <ul><li>When the French invaded the Ruhr Hitler saw an opportunity and decided to try and seize power. </li></ul><ul><li>He planned to first take the Bavarian government and then march on Berlin. </li></ul><ul><li>He was supported by a right-wing politician, Ludendorff, and declared himself President of Germany. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler took over a Bavarian government meeting but couldn't get enough support </li></ul><ul><li>His attempted coup was stopped by armed police. </li></ul><ul><li>The attempted coup was easily put down. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Aftermath of the Munich Putsch <ul><li>Hitler tries to escape but was later arrested and charged with treason. </li></ul><ul><li>He used his trial to make long public speeches which were widely and sympathetically reported. </li></ul><ul><li>He gets a very lenient sentence of 5 years in Landsberg Prison from the sympathetic judge. </li></ul><ul><li>While in prison he writes &quot;Mein Kampf&quot; </li></ul>
  5. 5. ‘ Mein Kampf’ <ul><li>Main Ideas – </li></ul><ul><li>The Aryan race is the master race (Herrenvolk). </li></ul><ul><li>Aryans should have &quot;lebensraum&quot; (living space) in a new German Empire (expanding to the East). </li></ul><ul><li>All other races inferior (especially Jews). </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Versialles should be reversed, and Germany and Austria should unite (Anschluss). </li></ul>
  6. 6. Support for the Nazis Declines <ul><li>Germany did well under Stresemann - support for extremists declined. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler serves only 9 months in prison after his 5 year sentence is reduced. </li></ul><ul><li>During this time the Nazi Party splits and support declined dramatically. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1924 the Nazis win 24 seats in the Reichstag. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler decides to reform the party on his release in December 1924 in order to place it under his complete control. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1928 the Nazis lose more seats and now have 12 seats in the Reichstag (2.6% vote). </li></ul>
  7. 7. Hitler Reorganises the Nazis <ul><li>In 1925 Hitler re-launched the NSDAP . </li></ul><ul><li>Power was concentrated in the leader. </li></ul><ul><li>Special sections set up for students, teachers, youth and farmers. </li></ul><ul><li>Party branches in all major towns - soon 100,000 members. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler decided to use elections and works to exploit the weaknesses in German democracy and the constitution to gain power rather than through revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>The Nazis work to get support from industrialists – both financial and political. Industrialists see the Nazis as a bulwark against communists and trade unions. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Nazis Come to Power <ul><li>Nazis use of Violence </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler’s Abilities </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler’s Political Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler’s Opponents </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler Consolidates Power </li></ul>
  9. 9. Nazis use of Violence <ul><li>Hitler's SA or brownshirts were used to intimidate opponents and drum up support. </li></ul><ul><li>Running battles were fought with rivals - the Communist party. </li></ul><ul><li>Violence and rivalry were central to Nazi philosophy of survival of the fittest. </li></ul><ul><li>Ernst Rohm led the SA for the Nazi party. </li></ul><ul><li>The Nazis claim that they are the only party capable of restoring ‘law and order. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Hitler’s Abilities <ul><li>Some of the claims made – </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler had an ability for public speaking and an understanding of ordinary peoples desires. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler had 'his finger on the pulse of Germany' (Walden). </li></ul><ul><li>His vision as highlighted in Mein Kampf. </li></ul><ul><li>He demonstrated single-mindedness in his efforts to get into power. </li></ul><ul><li>He stated the Nazis 'Enter the Reichstag holding our noses'. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Hitler appealed to many sections of society. </li></ul><ul><li>'Rip up the Treaty of Versailles' </li></ul><ul><li>'Work, freedom and bread' </li></ul><ul><li>Sort out the communists. </li></ul><ul><li>Guaranteed farm prices </li></ul><ul><li>Regain national pride. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler is 'the last hope' for Germany. </li></ul>Hitler’s Political Strategy
  12. 12. <ul><li>Hitler should have been kept from power, he never gained an overall majority in an election. </li></ul><ul><li>Communists and Socialists were divided. The Stalinists attacked other Socialists as ‘social fascists’. Stalin declared ‘After Hitler, our turn’ </li></ul><ul><li>Parties squabbled over how to deal with the depression. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1933 January Hitler is invited as Chancellor in an attempt to control him and the Nazis </li></ul>Hitler’s Opponents
  13. 13. Hitler Consolidates Power <ul><li>Hitler in a weak position because he could be dismissed by President Hindenburg (other Chancellors hadn't lasted long!) </li></ul><ul><li>He cooperates closely with Hindenburg. </li></ul><ul><li>February 1933 - concentration camps are opened. </li></ul><ul><li>Political opponents were put in these camps, beaten and forced to do hard labour unless they agreed to cooperate with the Nazis. </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly Communists arrested. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>On 27 February 1933 Reichstag burns down a week before a general election. </li></ul><ul><li>Dutch Communist arrested. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler says it is a Communist plot and arrests 4000 Communists. </li></ul><ul><li>Communists banned from the election. </li></ul><ul><li>The ‘Enabling Act’ gave Hitler emergency powers to pass laws without the Reichstag. </li></ul><ul><li>SS & SA surrounded the building to intimidate politicians. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler could pass any law he wanted. </li></ul><ul><li>On 14 July 1933 - Hitler rules that the Nazis were the only legal party in Germany. </li></ul>Hitler Consolidates Power
  15. 15. <ul><li>Presentation Prepared by: </li></ul><ul><li>Dominic Haugh </li></ul><ul><li>St. Patrick’s Comprehensive School </li></ul><ul><li>Shannon </li></ul><ul><li>Co. Clare </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation can be used for educational purposes only – all rights remain with the author </li></ul>