Rise of fascism
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Rise of fascism






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Rise of fascism Rise of fascism Presentation Transcript

  • Rise of Fascism
    • What is Fascism?
    • Fascist Dictators
    • Reasons for the Rise of Fascism
  • What is Fascism?
    • 1. A right-wing political ideology.
    • 2. Strong emphasis on Nationalism.
    • 3. Fascist parties organised along military lines with a single leader.
    • 4. Implemented dictatorship.
    • 5. Charismatic dictator in control.
  • What is Fascism?
    • 6. Opposition parties, trade unions banned.
    • 7. Elections abolished.
    • 8. Opposed to democracy, liberalism and communism.
    • 9. Anti-Semitic (Nazis)
    • 10. Use of propaganda, intimidation and terror
  • Fascist Dictatorships
    • Italy under Mussolini
    • Germany under Hitler
    • Spain under Franco
    • Arrow Cross ruled Hungary (1944-45)
    • Iron Guard ruled Romania (1940-41)
  • Fascist Dictatorships
    • Fascist groups in German and Italian occupied territories collaborated with the Nazis and Italian Fascists during WW2 e.g.
    • - Lithuania, Bulgaria, Albania, Croatia, France, Latvia
  • Factors in the Rise of Fascism
    • Economic factors
    • Major economic instability weakened European political life
    • Uncontrollable inflation wiped out savings and created mass unemployment.
  • Factors in the Rise of Fascism
    • 2. Treaty of Versailles
    • Dissatisfaction with terms of WW1 peace treaties contributed to the rise of fascism.
    • Italy didn’t receive territory it was promised.
    • Germany was subjected to harsh reparation terms and lost territory.
    • New states established with the break up of empires caused friction over borders.
  • Factors in the Rise of Fascism
    • Fear of Communism
    • The upper and middle classes feared the spread of communism following the Russian Revolution.
    • Communist revolts in Germany, Austria and Hungary in 1919 contributed to this fear.
    • Fascism was seen as a better barrier to communism than democracy.
  • Factors in the Rise of Fascism
    • Weak democracies
    • Weak multi-party governments
    • Economic crisis
    • Political instability
  • Factors in the Rise of Fascism
    • Support of Middle Classes
    • The Middle Classes (mainly in rural areas) felt trapped between unionised workers and the wealthy elites.
    • Fascism claimed to represent their interests
  • Factors in the Rise of Fascism
    • Summary
    • Economic factors
    • Treaty of Versailles
    • Fear of Communism
    • Weak democracies
    • Support of Middle Classes
    • Presentation prepared by:
    • Dominic Haugh
    • St. Particks Comprehensive School
    • Shannon
    • Co. Clare
    • Presentation can be used for educational purposes only – all rights remain with author