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Home rule crisis

Home rule crisis






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    Home rule crisis Home rule crisis Presentation Transcript

    • Home Rule Crisis
      • Leaving Cert History
      • Sovereignty and Partition 1912-1949
    • Home Rule Crisis
      • Political Crisis in Britain
      • What was the effect of this change?
      • What was the reaction in Ireland?
      • Nationalist Response to the UVF
      • Establishment of Irish Volunteers
      • Home Rule Postponed
    • Political Crisis in Britain
      • In 1909 the British government was plunged into crisis when the House of Lords rejected the Liberal government budget
      • Two general elections in 1910 led to a stalemate
      • The Irish Parliamentary Party (IPP) held the balance of power.
      • The Liberal Party passed a law that removed the veto the House of Lords.
      • In future the House of Lords could only hold up legislation for two years.
      • Every time the British Government attempted to introduce Home Rule for Ireland the House of Lords stopped it.
      • When the British Government introduced a Bill in 1912 that would grant Home Rule to Ireland, the House of Lords could only delay it for two years.
      What was the effect of this change?
    • What was the reaction in Ireland?
      • The Irish Parliamentary Party were very popular in Ireland.
      • Unionists felt betrayed by a British government.
      • Unionists, under the leadership of Edward Carson, established the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) as an armed group to resist Home Rule.
      • Under pressure from the UVF and the Conservative Party the Government proposed that Ulster would be excluded from Home Rule.
    • Nationalist Response to the UVF
      • Establishment of the UVF posed a threat to Nationalists and to Home Rule.
      • Despite this many Nationalists welcomed the establishment of the UVF.
      • The Irish Republican Brotherhood argued that it would allow Nationalists to also establish an armed group to fight for Home Rule for the whole island.
      • Irish Volunteers established
    • Establishment of Irish Volunteers
      • Eoin Mac Neill called a meeting in Dublin on 25 November 1913 to establish the Irish Volunteers.
      • The IRB had already begun military training
      • Organisations like the GAA and the Gaelic League were actively supporting the idea
      • Hundreds attended the meeting in Dublin and meetings followed all over the country
      • Within weeks thousands had joined the Irish Volunteers and by the middle of 1914 they had over 110,000 members.
      • Start of First World War caused postponment of Home Rule until the war was over.
      • John Redmond called on the Irish Volunteers to join the British Army
      • Eoin MacNeill opposed Redmond.
      • The Irish Volunteers split
      • Over 100,000 supported Redmond who formed the National Volunteers
      • About 10,000 rejected the call to fight and remained with MacNeill in the Irish Volunteers
      Home Rule Postponed
      • Presentation prepared by:
      • Dominic Haugh
      • St. Particks Comprehensive School
      • Shannon
      • Co. Clare
      • Presentation can be used for educational purposes only – all rights remain with author