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Home rule crisis
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Home rule crisis

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  • 1. Home Rule Crisis
    • Leaving Cert History
    • Sovereignty and Partition 1912-1949
  • 2. Home Rule Crisis
    • Political Crisis in Britain
    • What was the effect of this change?
    • What was the reaction in Ireland?
    • Nationalist Response to the UVF
    • Establishment of Irish Volunteers
    • Home Rule Postponed
  • 3. Political Crisis in Britain
    • In 1909 the British government was plunged into crisis when the House of Lords rejected the Liberal government budget
    • Two general elections in 1910 led to a stalemate
    • The Irish Parliamentary Party (IPP) held the balance of power.
    • The Liberal Party passed a law that removed the veto the House of Lords.
    • In future the House of Lords could only hold up legislation for two years.
  • 4.
    • Every time the British Government attempted to introduce Home Rule for Ireland the House of Lords stopped it.
    • When the British Government introduced a Bill in 1912 that would grant Home Rule to Ireland, the House of Lords could only delay it for two years.
    What was the effect of this change?
  • 5. What was the reaction in Ireland?
    • The Irish Parliamentary Party were very popular in Ireland.
    • Unionists felt betrayed by a British government.
    • Unionists, under the leadership of Edward Carson, established the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) as an armed group to resist Home Rule.
    • Under pressure from the UVF and the Conservative Party the Government proposed that Ulster would be excluded from Home Rule.
  • 6. Nationalist Response to the UVF
    • Establishment of the UVF posed a threat to Nationalists and to Home Rule.
    • Despite this many Nationalists welcomed the establishment of the UVF.
    • The Irish Republican Brotherhood argued that it would allow Nationalists to also establish an armed group to fight for Home Rule for the whole island.
    • Irish Volunteers established
  • 7. Establishment of Irish Volunteers
    • Eoin Mac Neill called a meeting in Dublin on 25 November 1913 to establish the Irish Volunteers.
    • The IRB had already begun military training
    • Organisations like the GAA and the Gaelic League were actively supporting the idea
    • Hundreds attended the meeting in Dublin and meetings followed all over the country
    • Within weeks thousands had joined the Irish Volunteers and by the middle of 1914 they had over 110,000 members.
  • 8.
    • Start of First World War caused postponment of Home Rule until the war was over.
    • John Redmond called on the Irish Volunteers to join the British Army
    • Eoin MacNeill opposed Redmond.
    • The Irish Volunteers split
    • Over 100,000 supported Redmond who formed the National Volunteers
    • About 10,000 rejected the call to fight and remained with MacNeill in the Irish Volunteers
    Home Rule Postponed
  • 9.
    • Presentation prepared by:
    • Dominic Haugh
    • St. Particks Comprehensive School
    • Shannon
    • Co. Clare
    • Presentation can be used for educational purposes only – all rights remain with author
  • 10.  

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