Cumann na n gaedheal foreign policy

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Cumann na n gaedheal foreign policy

  1. 1. Cumann nGaedheal Foreign Policy <ul><li>Leaving Cert History </li></ul><ul><li>Sovereignty and Partition 1912-1949 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Cumann nGaedheal Foreign Policy <ul><li>Constitution of 1922 </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign Affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Commonwealth Conferences & Statute of Westminster </li></ul><ul><li>Impact of Foreign Policy </li></ul>
  3. 3. Constitution of 1922 <ul><li>Established the Irish Free State granting Dominion status: </li></ul><ul><li>The King to be represented by a Governor-General (Irish government insisted on an ordinary Irishman). </li></ul><ul><li>Oath of Allegiance - made it clear that the King was Head of State but that his authority came from the people. </li></ul><ul><li>Ireland was in a different position to many of the other Dominions because she was an ancient nation that had struggled to gain independence and was aware that close geographical position made her vulnerable to a curtailment of her powers. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Main objective was to push for a greater degree of independence </li></ul><ul><li>Applied to join the League of Nations - admitted 1923 - Britain objected </li></ul><ul><li>Anglo-Irish Treaty registered as an international agreement (Britain protested that it was an internal affair) </li></ul><ul><li>Established a foreign Diplomatic Service </li></ul><ul><li>Passports issued </li></ul><ul><li>Ireland's growing separateness was shown by membership of the Council of Ministers in 1930 </li></ul>Foreign Affairs
  5. 5. Commonwealth Conferences & Statute of Westminster <ul><li>In 1926 the concept of full equality between Britain and the Dominions was established. </li></ul><ul><li>It was symbolised by the use of the word “Commonwealth” instead of British Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>Statute of Westminister ended the claim that British laws were binding on the Dominions and allowed the Parliament of a Dominion to repeal any existing law. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Impact of Foreign Policy <ul><li>Cumann na nGaedheal established the Free State as an independent nation through membership of League of Nations and role in Commonwealth Conferences. </li></ul><ul><li>The successful introduction of the Statute of Westminster allowed Dominion Parliaments to repeal any existing British law. After 1932 the new Fianna Fail government used the Statute to begin dismantling the Anglo-Irish Treaty. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Presentation prepared by: </li></ul><ul><li>Dominic Haugh </li></ul><ul><li>St. Particks Comprehensive School </li></ul><ul><li>Shannon </li></ul><ul><li>Co. Clare </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation can be used for educational purposes only – all rights remain with author </li></ul>

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