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Anti semitism and the holocaust

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  • 1. Anti-Semitism and The Holocaust
    • Leaving Cert History
    • Revision Presentation
    • Dictatorship and Democracy 1919-1945
  • 2. Anti-Semitism and The Holocaust
    • Anti-Semitism
    • The Nazis and race theory
    • Did Hitler plan the Holocaust
    • Persecution of the Jews
    • Kristallnacht, 1938
    • Polish Jews
    • Concentration Camps
  • 3. Anti-Semitism
    • Jews killed Jesus
    • Cultural differences
    • Pogroms in Russia
    • Jews prominent in Professions and Business – led to envy and criticism
    • Jews associated with liberalism, radicalism and communism
    • Eliminate Jews – eliminate capitalism and socialism
  • 4.
    • Superiority of the Aryans
    • Assimilation of Jews would taint Aryan stock
    • Hitler blamed the Jews for Germany's troubles
    • Jews invented Marxism
    • Jews caused Germany's defeat in WW1
    • Jews caused humiliation of Treaty of Versailles
    The Nazis and race theory
  • 5. Did Hitler plan the Holocaust
    • Major Historical debate
    • Intentionalists - the Nazis’ had a constant and unwavering intention to destroy European Jews
    • Functionalists - the Holocaust was reached by a 'twisted road' - many forces inside and outside Germany helped to bring it about
  • 6. Persecution of the Jews
    • April 1933 – Hitler organises a one-day boycott of Jewish shops and businesses
    • Jews banned from civil service
    • Nuremberg Laws 1935
    • Marriages between Germans and Jews were forbidden
    • Relations between Jews and Germans outside marriage were forbidden
    • Jews were not to employ Germans under the age of 45
    • Jews were deprived of citizenship.
    • 1936 – Jews could not vote
    • Wear Star of David.
    • 1938 – Jews barred from Law, Medicine and Business
  • 7. Kristallnacht, 1938
    • Reprisal for an attack on a German embassy official in Paris.
    • More than 8,000 Jewish homes and shops were attacked.
    • 100 Jews killed and 20,000 arrested.
    • Goering blamed the Jews for the violence.
    • Jews fined one billion Reichmarks.
    • Many Jews, including Albert Einstein, emigrated at this time.
    • 400,000 Jews who could afford it leave Germany and Austria
  • 8.
    • 10% of the population was Jewish
    • Nazi occupation of Poland leads to persecution of Jews
    • Jews forced into ghettos
    • Jews live in squalid conditions, wracked by disease.
    • 500,000 crammed into 1.3 square miles of Warsaw
    • By 1942 over 100,000 Jews died because of conditions
    • Nazis order ‘non-productive’ Jews to be resettled.
    • Sept 1942 – remaining 70,000 Jews die during and after the Warsaw Uprising
    Polish Jews
  • 9. Concentration Camps
    • The ‘Final Solution’ – extermination of the Jews
    • Towns and villages emptied of Jews who would be executed and buried in mass graves
    • Extermination camps established in Poland
    • German companies set up slave-labour factories in camps
    • Two million Jews killed in Auschwitz using cyanide gas and the bodies cremated
    • Bodies stripped of anything of value, clothes, hair gold fillings making the camps self-financing
    • 90% of Jews killed on arrival. Remainder used for slave labour
    • Life expectancy of Jewish slave was three months
    • Six millions Jews die in Holocaust
    • Pro-Nazi historians deny the Holocaust took place
  • 10.
    • Presentation prepared by:
    • Dominic Haugh
    • St. Particks Comprehensive School
    • Shannon
    • Co. Clare
    • Presentation can be used for educational purposes only – all rights remain with author
  • 11.