Anti semitism and the holocaust

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Anti semitism and the holocaust

  1. 1. Anti-Semitism and The Holocaust <ul><li>Leaving Cert History </li></ul><ul><li>Revision Presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Dictatorship and Democracy 1919-1945 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Anti-Semitism and The Holocaust <ul><li>Anti-Semitism </li></ul><ul><li>The Nazis and race theory </li></ul><ul><li>Did Hitler plan the Holocaust </li></ul><ul><li>Persecution of the Jews </li></ul><ul><li>Kristallnacht, 1938 </li></ul><ul><li>Polish Jews </li></ul><ul><li>Concentration Camps </li></ul>
  3. 3. Anti-Semitism <ul><li>Jews killed Jesus </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural differences </li></ul><ul><li>Pogroms in Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Jews prominent in Professions and Business – led to envy and criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Jews associated with liberalism, radicalism and communism </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate Jews – eliminate capitalism and socialism </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Superiority of the Aryans </li></ul><ul><li>Assimilation of Jews would taint Aryan stock </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler blamed the Jews for Germany's troubles </li></ul><ul><li>Jews invented Marxism </li></ul><ul><li>Jews caused Germany's defeat in WW1 </li></ul><ul><li>Jews caused humiliation of Treaty of Versailles </li></ul>The Nazis and race theory
  5. 5. Did Hitler plan the Holocaust <ul><li>Major Historical debate </li></ul><ul><li>Intentionalists - the Nazis’ had a constant and unwavering intention to destroy European Jews </li></ul><ul><li>Functionalists - the Holocaust was reached by a 'twisted road' - many forces inside and outside Germany helped to bring it about </li></ul>
  6. 6. Persecution of the Jews <ul><li>April 1933 – Hitler organises a one-day boycott of Jewish shops and businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Jews banned from civil service </li></ul><ul><li>Nuremberg Laws 1935 </li></ul><ul><li>Marriages between Germans and Jews were forbidden </li></ul><ul><li>Relations between Jews and Germans outside marriage were forbidden </li></ul><ul><li>Jews were not to employ Germans under the age of 45 </li></ul><ul><li>Jews were deprived of citizenship. </li></ul><ul><li>1936 – Jews could not vote </li></ul><ul><li>Wear Star of David. </li></ul><ul><li>1938 – Jews barred from Law, Medicine and Business </li></ul>
  7. 7. Kristallnacht, 1938 <ul><li>Reprisal for an attack on a German embassy official in Paris. </li></ul><ul><li>More than 8,000 Jewish homes and shops were attacked. </li></ul><ul><li>100 Jews killed and 20,000 arrested. </li></ul><ul><li>Goering blamed the Jews for the violence. </li></ul><ul><li>Jews fined one billion Reichmarks. </li></ul><ul><li>Many Jews, including Albert Einstein, emigrated at this time. </li></ul><ul><li>400,000 Jews who could afford it leave Germany and Austria </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>10% of the population was Jewish </li></ul><ul><li>Nazi occupation of Poland leads to persecution of Jews </li></ul><ul><li>Jews forced into ghettos </li></ul><ul><li>Jews live in squalid conditions, wracked by disease. </li></ul><ul><li>500,000 crammed into 1.3 square miles of Warsaw </li></ul><ul><li>By 1942 over 100,000 Jews died because of conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Nazis order ‘non-productive’ Jews to be resettled. </li></ul><ul><li>Sept 1942 – remaining 70,000 Jews die during and after the Warsaw Uprising </li></ul>Polish Jews
  9. 9. Concentration Camps <ul><li>The ‘Final Solution’ – extermination of the Jews </li></ul><ul><li>Towns and villages emptied of Jews who would be executed and buried in mass graves </li></ul><ul><li>Extermination camps established in Poland </li></ul><ul><li>German companies set up slave-labour factories in camps </li></ul><ul><li>Two million Jews killed in Auschwitz using cyanide gas and the bodies cremated </li></ul><ul><li>Bodies stripped of anything of value, clothes, hair gold fillings making the camps self-financing </li></ul><ul><li>90% of Jews killed on arrival. Remainder used for slave labour </li></ul><ul><li>Life expectancy of Jewish slave was three months </li></ul><ul><li>Six millions Jews die in Holocaust </li></ul><ul><li>Pro-Nazi historians deny the Holocaust took place </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Presentation prepared by: </li></ul><ul><li>Dominic Haugh </li></ul><ul><li>St. Particks Comprehensive School </li></ul><ul><li>Shannon </li></ul><ul><li>Co. Clare </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation can be used for educational purposes only – all rights remain with author </li></ul>

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