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TODAY’S ARMY:

TRANSFORMS AND FIGHTS
 …….SIMULTANEOUSLY



      Gate City Rotary Brief
         (July 23, 2009)
AGENDA
• New Army Structure
• Operation Enduring Freedom
  – Afghanistan
  – Organizing for Combat
  – The Mission
• Lesso...
The Army Today
                                                                                                           ...
FromaDivision tofixed Division based Army
                       From large, powerful,
                                   ...
82nd Airborne Division
                  Special Troops Battalion
                                                II

    ...
AGENDA
• New Army Structure
• Operation Enduring Freedom
  – Afghanistan
  – Organizing for Combat
  – The Mission
• Lesso...
Afghan = The People, stan = The Land of
                    Afghanistan = The Land of Afghans




• ~7,000 miles from Gree...
2001                                 2009
• Security                     • Security                                       ...
Fighter Strength                                  US Forces Strength
NATO - ISAF: 61,350                                  ...
82nd Airborne Division Special Troops Battalion
                                             TASK FORCE GLADIUS
          ...
TF GLADIUS
• Trained/Re-missioned Task Force to conduct combat
  mission (6 months prior to deployment)

• Conducted Full ...
Police Graduation            Partnering with Provincial Leaders




Meeting with village elders              Rehearsing Op...
Distributing Toys      Kids join us on a patrol




Partnering with Police         Providing Medical Care
Securing a Bridgehead    Night Operations




Air assault operations        Clearing weapons cache
Discussing operations
  Refitting at the Fire Base




Questioning the locals         Checking the Defense
Awarding Combat Badges
                                     Entertaining Troopers




Flying in hot chow on Thanksgiving  ...
Lessons
• Economy of Force
  – Maximize Coalition (SOF, ANA, ANP)
  – Portray Strength (on the battle field and in
    pol...
Challenges
• Nation Building and Governance
  – Marshal Plan vs UN Mandate
  – Afghans (and Iraqis) must secure themselves...
Business Takeaway
• Be Adaptive
  – Study/Understand the Environment
  – Creative Thinking and Resourcing
  – Look Strateg...
Us Army Transforming And Fighting   Adaptive Leadership Lessons
Us Army Transforming And Fighting   Adaptive Leadership Lessons
Us Army Transforming And Fighting   Adaptive Leadership Lessons
Us Army Transforming And Fighting   Adaptive Leadership Lessons
Us Army Transforming And Fighting   Adaptive Leadership Lessons
Us Army Transforming And Fighting   Adaptive Leadership Lessons
Us Army Transforming And Fighting   Adaptive Leadership Lessons
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Us Army Transforming And Fighting Adaptive Leadership Lessons

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This is an unclassified briefing I gave to local rotary and business forums discussing adaptive leadership and its application in today’s business environment/a recession.

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Transcript of "Us Army Transforming And Fighting Adaptive Leadership Lessons"

  1. 1. TODAY’S ARMY: TRANSFORMS AND FIGHTS …….SIMULTANEOUSLY Gate City Rotary Brief (July 23, 2009)
  2. 2. AGENDA • New Army Structure • Operation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan – Organizing for Combat – The Mission • Lessons/Challenges/Takeaways
  3. 3. The Army Today COMMAND LEVEL Third Army Army GENERAL Eighth Army (2-5 Corps) 100,000 - 300,000 Soldiers I Corps LIEUTENANT GENERAL III Corps Corps Corps 40,000 - 100,000 Soldiers V Corps (2-5 Divisions) (2-5 Divisions) XVIII Corps MAJOR GENERAL 10 Active Divisions Division 2 Integrated Divisions (3 Maneuver Brigades) 10,000 - 18,000 Soldiers 8 ARNG Divisions COLONEL Brigade Brigade Brigade 3,000 - 5,000 Additional Unit Types: Aviation Brigade (3 or more Battalions) (3 or more Battalions) (3 or more Battalions) Soldiers Corps Artillery Armored Cavalry Regiment LIEUTENANT COLONEL Separate Brigade Battalion Military Intelligence Brigade 400- 1,000 Soldiers (3-5 Companies) Air Defense Artillery Brigade Engineer Brigade Signal Brigade CAPTAIN Chemical Brigade Company Military Police Brigade (3-5 Platoons) 60- 200 Soldiers Special Forces Group Ranger Regiment Special Operations Aviation Regiment LIEUTENANT Civil Affairs Brigade Platoon (3-4 Squads) 16- 50 Soldiers Corps Support Command Medical Brigade Personnel Group STAFF SERGEANT Finance Group Squad Transportation Group 4 - 12 Soldiers (2-4 Teams) Quartermaster Group Explosive Ordnance Group Psychological Operations Group
  4. 4. FromaDivision tofixed Division based Army From large, powerful, Brigade - Centric …to a smaller, flexible, self-contained Brigade based Army XX Division Division Modular Division II X X X Division Cav (Recon) Signal DSTB BCT Aviation Sustainment BCT BCT Field Artillery BCT Division Chemical Troops Military Police Intelligence Logistics Aviation Support X Engineers Brigade Brigade Mechanized Air Defense Armor Brigade Brigade MP/Security MP/Security Signal Logistics Chemical Fires Intelligence Engineer Division Cav (Recon) Combined Armed Combined Arms Recon Arms M ili Field Artillery ta ry Aviation Po lic n se e fe Intelligence Engineers r De Ai Signal Mechanized Logistics Armor Brigade Brigade Support
  5. 5. 82nd Airborne Division Special Troops Battalion II DSTB 640 I I I I I I HHC HQs A AAS REPO BAND 100 DIV 350 100 25 25 40 • BN HQs • Div HQs • Div SATCOM • Trains Jump • Trains new • Army Band • BN Staff • Div Staff • COMMS MAINT Masters for Paratroopers • Maintenance US Army for Division • Medical • Other Support
  6. 6. AGENDA • New Army Structure • Operation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan – Organizing for Combat – The Mission • Lessons/Challenges/Takeaways
  7. 7. Afghan = The People, stan = The Land of Afghanistan = The Land of Afghans • ~7,000 miles from Greensboro • 31,889,923 People • 250,000 square miles • Official Languages are Pashtu and Dari • Religion: Sunni Muslim 80%, Shi'a Muslim 19%, Other (Hindu, Christian) 1% • Independence from UK in 1919 • Currency is the Afghani (1 Afghani (AF) = .19 USD) •GDP: 21.5 billion (Agriculture: 38%, Industry: 24%, Services: 38%)
  8. 8. 2001 2009 • Security • Security A moderate, - Haven for terrorists - Double Size of ANA and stable, ANP and representative • Government - Double size of US Afghanistan - Taliban controlled capable presence - Civil war of controlling and • Governance & Justice • Socio-Economics governing its - Crumbling/non-existent infrastructure - Representative government - Extending the reach of national institutions ? territory • Economic & Strategic Elections Reconstruction AUG 09? - Investing in the future Compact for Afghanistan OEF Surge Jan 06 Increased AQ/ Strategic Progress Parliamentary Elections ACM Activity Sep 05 Elections ISAF Challenge Oct 04 s NATO/ISAF Bonn II Aug 03 Dec 02 ISAF Feb 02 – Political legitimacy non-existent; corruption and nepotism wide-spread • The Karzai government has little control or influence in the Bonn I countryside Dec 01 • Population tired of violence, can’t depend on government for services or security OEF – Overall security situation continues to deteriorate Oct 01 • Complex mixture of threat forces and increasing attacks • Increasing regional influence Economic development continues to stall Significant progress; Infrastructure development slowing Insurgents are dominating information environment challenges remain Over time, continued lack of progress across variables favors the insurgents (US Army report 01/09)
  9. 9. Fighter Strength US Forces Strength NATO - ISAF: 61,350 Regional Command - East (CJTF-82) •US: 29,950 •82nd Airborne Division Headquarters Taliban: 7,000-10,000 •UK: 8,745 al-Qaeda: 1,200-2,500 • Task Force Gladius (82 DSTB, 82nd) •Germany: 3,600 •France: 3,300 Haqqani militia: 1,000 • Task Force Fury (4 BCT, 82nd) Hezbi Islami: 1,000 • Task Force Bayonet (173rd ARCT) •Canada: 2,830 IMU: 5,000-10,000 •other countries: 20,120 • Task Force Cincinnatus (Ad Hoc BCT) Mehsud militia: 30,000 •Afghan National Army: 50,000 • Task Force Pegasus (Aviation BDE) •US (non-ISAF) troops: 28,300 • Task Force Provider (Sustainment BDE) 198,195 54,500 • 2-Star Joint Headquarters • ~17,000 US Troopers • 16 Provinces • Pakistani Boarder Region
  10. 10. 82nd Airborne Division Special Troops Battalion TASK FORCE GLADIUS II TF G 1565 I I I I I I I I HHC AZ NG ND NG MO NG LRSD BAND HQs A 200 DIV 550 100 100 100 150 75 40 • BN HQs • Div HQs • Div SATCOM • Parwan • Bagram • Secure Camp • Kapisa • Army Band • BN Staff • Div Staff • COMMS Security and Security Eggers (Kabul) Security and • Train Afghan • Maintenance MAINT Development • Early Warning Development Band • Medical • Guard HQs • Other Support • Entry Control Point FT Bragg I I I AAS REPO Rear D 25 25 200 • Trains Jump • Trains new • Rear Detachment Masters for Paratroopers • Family Support US Army for Division
  11. 11. TF GLADIUS • Trained/Re-missioned Task Force to conduct combat mission (6 months prior to deployment) • Conducted Full Spectrum Operations over 4,000 Square KM of Battle Space – Partnered with 16 Districts and over 400 villages – Planned/built $10M USD of projects (roads, schools, wells, etc) – Created ~500 new jobs for local Afghans – Mentored two Provincial Governors/Governments – Partnered/Trained over 1000 Afghan Policemen – Partnered/Trained with a Afghan Army Brigade (~4000 Troops) – Secured the two largest US bases in Afghanistan – Built two fire bases – Established a permanent Coalition Force presence in a Taliban controlled areas
  12. 12. Police Graduation Partnering with Provincial Leaders Meeting with village elders Rehearsing Operations
  13. 13. Distributing Toys Kids join us on a patrol Partnering with Police Providing Medical Care
  14. 14. Securing a Bridgehead Night Operations Air assault operations Clearing weapons cache
  15. 15. Discussing operations Refitting at the Fire Base Questioning the locals Checking the Defense
  16. 16. Awarding Combat Badges Entertaining Troopers Flying in hot chow on Thanksgiving Reenlisting Paratroopers
  17. 17. Lessons • Economy of Force – Maximize Coalition (SOF, ANA, ANP) – Portray Strength (on the battle field and in political discussions) – Maximize IDF and surveillance platforms – Continue to do the battlefield calculus and weigh risks (Troopers lives are at stake) • Be aggressive, back up what you say, and maintain offensive attitude
  18. 18. Challenges • Nation Building and Governance – Marshal Plan vs UN Mandate – Afghans (and Iraqis) must secure themselves for it to work – DoD is only USG Agency involved (little to no DoS, DoJ, DoA, etc) • Rear Detachment and Family Support – Need to leave back a solid leader with resources to get the job done
  19. 19. Business Takeaway • Be Adaptive – Study/Understand the Environment – Creative Thinking and Resourcing – Look Strategic, Operational, and Tactical • Invest in Your Organizations – Lead Your Employees – Manage Your Assets/Resources – Create a Learning Environment – Keys to Delegation • Authority • Responsibility • Accountable
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