Us Army Transforming And Fighting Adaptive Leadership Lessons

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This is an unclassified briefing I gave to local rotary and business forums discussing adaptive leadership and its application in today’s business environment/a recession.

This is an unclassified briefing I gave to local rotary and business forums discussing adaptive leadership and its application in today’s business environment/a recession.

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  • 1. TODAY’S ARMY: TRANSFORMS AND FIGHTS …….SIMULTANEOUSLY Gate City Rotary Brief (July 23, 2009)
  • 2. AGENDA • New Army Structure • Operation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan – Organizing for Combat – The Mission • Lessons/Challenges/Takeaways
  • 3. The Army Today COMMAND LEVEL Third Army Army GENERAL Eighth Army (2-5 Corps) 100,000 - 300,000 Soldiers I Corps LIEUTENANT GENERAL III Corps Corps Corps 40,000 - 100,000 Soldiers V Corps (2-5 Divisions) (2-5 Divisions) XVIII Corps MAJOR GENERAL 10 Active Divisions Division 2 Integrated Divisions (3 Maneuver Brigades) 10,000 - 18,000 Soldiers 8 ARNG Divisions COLONEL Brigade Brigade Brigade 3,000 - 5,000 Additional Unit Types: Aviation Brigade (3 or more Battalions) (3 or more Battalions) (3 or more Battalions) Soldiers Corps Artillery Armored Cavalry Regiment LIEUTENANT COLONEL Separate Brigade Battalion Military Intelligence Brigade 400- 1,000 Soldiers (3-5 Companies) Air Defense Artillery Brigade Engineer Brigade Signal Brigade CAPTAIN Chemical Brigade Company Military Police Brigade (3-5 Platoons) 60- 200 Soldiers Special Forces Group Ranger Regiment Special Operations Aviation Regiment LIEUTENANT Civil Affairs Brigade Platoon (3-4 Squads) 16- 50 Soldiers Corps Support Command Medical Brigade Personnel Group STAFF SERGEANT Finance Group Squad Transportation Group 4 - 12 Soldiers (2-4 Teams) Quartermaster Group Explosive Ordnance Group Psychological Operations Group
  • 4. FromaDivision tofixed Division based Army From large, powerful, Brigade - Centric …to a smaller, flexible, self-contained Brigade based Army XX Division Division Modular Division II X X X Division Cav (Recon) Signal DSTB BCT Aviation Sustainment BCT BCT Field Artillery BCT Division Chemical Troops Military Police Intelligence Logistics Aviation Support X Engineers Brigade Brigade Mechanized Air Defense Armor Brigade Brigade MP/Security MP/Security Signal Logistics Chemical Fires Intelligence Engineer Division Cav (Recon) Combined Armed Combined Arms Recon Arms M ili Field Artillery ta ry Aviation Po lic n se e fe Intelligence Engineers r De Ai Signal Mechanized Logistics Armor Brigade Brigade Support
  • 5. 82nd Airborne Division Special Troops Battalion II DSTB 640 I I I I I I HHC HQs A AAS REPO BAND 100 DIV 350 100 25 25 40 • BN HQs • Div HQs • Div SATCOM • Trains Jump • Trains new • Army Band • BN Staff • Div Staff • COMMS MAINT Masters for Paratroopers • Maintenance US Army for Division • Medical • Other Support
  • 6. AGENDA • New Army Structure • Operation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan – Organizing for Combat – The Mission • Lessons/Challenges/Takeaways
  • 7. Afghan = The People, stan = The Land of Afghanistan = The Land of Afghans • ~7,000 miles from Greensboro • 31,889,923 People • 250,000 square miles • Official Languages are Pashtu and Dari • Religion: Sunni Muslim 80%, Shi'a Muslim 19%, Other (Hindu, Christian) 1% • Independence from UK in 1919 • Currency is the Afghani (1 Afghani (AF) = .19 USD) •GDP: 21.5 billion (Agriculture: 38%, Industry: 24%, Services: 38%)
  • 8. 2001 2009 • Security • Security A moderate, - Haven for terrorists - Double Size of ANA and stable, ANP and representative • Government - Double size of US Afghanistan - Taliban controlled capable presence - Civil war of controlling and • Governance & Justice • Socio-Economics governing its - Crumbling/non-existent infrastructure - Representative government - Extending the reach of national institutions ? territory • Economic & Strategic Elections Reconstruction AUG 09? - Investing in the future Compact for Afghanistan OEF Surge Jan 06 Increased AQ/ Strategic Progress Parliamentary Elections ACM Activity Sep 05 Elections ISAF Challenge Oct 04 s NATO/ISAF Bonn II Aug 03 Dec 02 ISAF Feb 02 – Political legitimacy non-existent; corruption and nepotism wide-spread • The Karzai government has little control or influence in the Bonn I countryside Dec 01 • Population tired of violence, can’t depend on government for services or security OEF – Overall security situation continues to deteriorate Oct 01 • Complex mixture of threat forces and increasing attacks • Increasing regional influence Economic development continues to stall Significant progress; Infrastructure development slowing Insurgents are dominating information environment challenges remain Over time, continued lack of progress across variables favors the insurgents (US Army report 01/09)
  • 9. Fighter Strength US Forces Strength NATO - ISAF: 61,350 Regional Command - East (CJTF-82) •US: 29,950 •82nd Airborne Division Headquarters Taliban: 7,000-10,000 •UK: 8,745 al-Qaeda: 1,200-2,500 • Task Force Gladius (82 DSTB, 82nd) •Germany: 3,600 •France: 3,300 Haqqani militia: 1,000 • Task Force Fury (4 BCT, 82nd) Hezbi Islami: 1,000 • Task Force Bayonet (173rd ARCT) •Canada: 2,830 IMU: 5,000-10,000 •other countries: 20,120 • Task Force Cincinnatus (Ad Hoc BCT) Mehsud militia: 30,000 •Afghan National Army: 50,000 • Task Force Pegasus (Aviation BDE) •US (non-ISAF) troops: 28,300 • Task Force Provider (Sustainment BDE) 198,195 54,500 • 2-Star Joint Headquarters • ~17,000 US Troopers • 16 Provinces • Pakistani Boarder Region
  • 10. 82nd Airborne Division Special Troops Battalion TASK FORCE GLADIUS II TF G 1565 I I I I I I I I HHC AZ NG ND NG MO NG LRSD BAND HQs A 200 DIV 550 100 100 100 150 75 40 • BN HQs • Div HQs • Div SATCOM • Parwan • Bagram • Secure Camp • Kapisa • Army Band • BN Staff • Div Staff • COMMS Security and Security Eggers (Kabul) Security and • Train Afghan • Maintenance MAINT Development • Early Warning Development Band • Medical • Guard HQs • Other Support • Entry Control Point FT Bragg I I I AAS REPO Rear D 25 25 200 • Trains Jump • Trains new • Rear Detachment Masters for Paratroopers • Family Support US Army for Division
  • 11. TF GLADIUS • Trained/Re-missioned Task Force to conduct combat mission (6 months prior to deployment) • Conducted Full Spectrum Operations over 4,000 Square KM of Battle Space – Partnered with 16 Districts and over 400 villages – Planned/built $10M USD of projects (roads, schools, wells, etc) – Created ~500 new jobs for local Afghans – Mentored two Provincial Governors/Governments – Partnered/Trained over 1000 Afghan Policemen – Partnered/Trained with a Afghan Army Brigade (~4000 Troops) – Secured the two largest US bases in Afghanistan – Built two fire bases – Established a permanent Coalition Force presence in a Taliban controlled areas
  • 12. Police Graduation Partnering with Provincial Leaders Meeting with village elders Rehearsing Operations
  • 13. Distributing Toys Kids join us on a patrol Partnering with Police Providing Medical Care
  • 14. Securing a Bridgehead Night Operations Air assault operations Clearing weapons cache
  • 15. Discussing operations Refitting at the Fire Base Questioning the locals Checking the Defense
  • 16. Awarding Combat Badges Entertaining Troopers Flying in hot chow on Thanksgiving Reenlisting Paratroopers
  • 17. Lessons • Economy of Force – Maximize Coalition (SOF, ANA, ANP) – Portray Strength (on the battle field and in political discussions) – Maximize IDF and surveillance platforms – Continue to do the battlefield calculus and weigh risks (Troopers lives are at stake) • Be aggressive, back up what you say, and maintain offensive attitude
  • 18. Challenges • Nation Building and Governance – Marshal Plan vs UN Mandate – Afghans (and Iraqis) must secure themselves for it to work – DoD is only USG Agency involved (little to no DoS, DoJ, DoA, etc) • Rear Detachment and Family Support – Need to leave back a solid leader with resources to get the job done
  • 19. Business Takeaway • Be Adaptive – Study/Understand the Environment – Creative Thinking and Resourcing – Look Strategic, Operational, and Tactical • Invest in Your Organizations – Lead Your Employees – Manage Your Assets/Resources – Create a Learning Environment – Keys to Delegation • Authority • Responsibility • Accountable