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The Development Of Major Belief Systems
The Development Of Major Belief Systems
The Development Of Major Belief Systems
The Development Of Major Belief Systems
The Development Of Major Belief Systems
The Development Of Major Belief Systems
The Development Of Major Belief Systems
The Development Of Major Belief Systems
The Development Of Major Belief Systems
The Development Of Major Belief Systems
The Development Of Major Belief Systems
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The Development Of Major Belief Systems

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Slides on the development of Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism and Confucianism between 8000BCE and 600CE

Slides on the development of Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism and Confucianism between 8000BCE and 600CE

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  • 1. The development of major belief systems: How similar was the development and spread of belief systems in the classical world? AP World History Richard Smart Oakland Mills High School
  • 2. The “Axial Age” <ul><li>Karl Jaspers, The Origin and Goal of History, (1953) </li></ul><ul><li>800BCE – 200CE revolutionary thinking in China, India and the Eastern Mediterranean. </li></ul><ul><li>Caused by multiple small states engaged in internal and external struggles. </li></ul>
  • 3. Compare and Contrast Question: <ul><li>Compare and contrast the diffusion and spread of TWO of the following belief systems from 500 BCE to 600CE. Be sure to include evidence from specific religions. </li></ul><ul><li>Hinduism </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Judaism </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Confucianism </li></ul><ul><li>Daoism </li></ul>
  • 4. Which religions? <ul><li>Polytheism </li></ul><ul><li>Zoroastrianism </li></ul><ul><li>Hinduism </li></ul><ul><li>Judaism </li></ul><ul><li>Confucianism </li></ul><ul><li>Daoism </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity </li></ul>
  • 5. Hinduism <ul><li>India, Indo-China </li></ul><ul><li>Politics: Role of rulers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gupta (320CE) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fall of Gupta (500CE) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Temples & Taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trade with Indo-China </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Society : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brahminic system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caste System </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Culture: Role of texts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vedas & Upanishads </li></ul></ul>
  • 6. Buddhism <ul><li>India, China, Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>Politics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Buddha, Missionaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ashoka, Chinese Emperors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Silk Road </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indian Ocean Trade </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Society : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Caste System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monasteries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Culture: Role of texts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Buddha's first sermon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Theravada & Mayahana </li></ul></ul>
  • 7. Confucianism & Daoism <ul><li>China, Korea, Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Politics: Role of rulers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Confucius, Lao Tzu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Warring States (403 – 221BCE) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of philosophies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collapse of the Han (220CE) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Silk Road Trade </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Society : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Xiao </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Culture: Role of texts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Analects / Dao De Ching </li></ul></ul>
  • 8. Judaism <ul><li>Palestine, Persia, Rome, Silk Roads </li></ul><ul><li>Politics: Role of rulers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Babylonian, Persian, Greek, Roman Rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moses, Macabees, Rabbis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Silk Road Trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roman intra-regional trade </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Society : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Closed community </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Culture: Role of texts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Torah </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Talmud </li></ul></ul>
  • 9. Christianity <ul><li>Rome, Ireland, Ethiopia, India, China </li></ul><ul><li>Politics: Role of rulers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus, Paul of Tarsus, Missionaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roman Emperors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Silk Road Trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roman intra-regional trade </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Society : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Role of Women </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Persecution in Rome </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Culture: Role of texts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New Testament </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. Women and Religion Religion Role of women Buddhism Women & nirvana Nuns in monasteries Christianity Equal in eyes of God Early converts Monastic life Confucianism Men superior to women Key relationship: Husband to wife. Hinduism Men superior to women Women not allowed to read vedas Only males can reach moksha
  • 11. Discussion <ul><li>Is it fair to say that all major religions are essentially the same? </li></ul><ul><li>Is there a place for religion in schools? </li></ul>

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