The Early Civilizations How similar were the Early Civilizations? AP World History Week 2 Richard Smart Oakland Mills High...
Key Features from Period 1: 8000BCE – 600CE <ul><li>Development of agriculture and the beginning of societies. </li></ul><...
Society v Civilization v Complex Society <ul><li>Civilization = cultural group </li></ul><ul><li>Urbanized </li></ul><ul><...
Which civilizations? Ancient Egypt & Nubia NOT Greece & Rome Sumer/ Babylonia NOT Greece & Rome Harappa NOT Aryans/ Maurya...
Comparison Question: <ul><li>Compare and contrast the political, social and economic structures of TWO of the early civili...
Politics <ul><li>Urban </li></ul><ul><li>Monarchies </li></ul><ul><li>Military and technology </li></ul><ul><li>Compare </...
Society <ul><li>Patriarchal </li></ul><ul><li>Social Stratification </li></ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Writing <...
Economy <ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Trade </li></ul><ul><li>Metallurgy </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison </li></ul><u...
Discussion Questions <ul><li>Is it appropriate to use the same label (Early Civilizations) for each of these societies? </...
This week <ul><li>Read chapters 8 & 9 for quiz on Monday </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare for Early Civ Essay – due 9/10 @Midnigh...
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Early Civilizations

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Lecture slides on the characteristics of the earliest complex societies.

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Early Civilizations

  1. 1. The Early Civilizations How similar were the Early Civilizations? AP World History Week 2 Richard Smart Oakland Mills High School
  2. 2. Key Features from Period 1: 8000BCE – 600CE <ul><li>Development of agriculture and the beginning of societies. </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of complex societies. </li></ul><ul><li>Inter-regional trade </li></ul><ul><li>Development of World Religions </li></ul><ul><li>Isolation of Western Hemisphere </li></ul>
  3. 3. Society v Civilization v Complex Society <ul><li>Civilization = cultural group </li></ul><ul><li>Urbanized </li></ul><ul><li>Technological Advancements </li></ul><ul><li>Division of labor </li></ul><ul><li>Defined social structure </li></ul><ul><li>Complex institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Arts and Writing systems </li></ul><ul><li>Civilization = value laden </li></ul><ul><li>Complex Society = politically correct </li></ul>
  4. 4. Which civilizations? Ancient Egypt & Nubia NOT Greece & Rome Sumer/ Babylonia NOT Greece & Rome Harappa NOT Aryans/ Mauryans Shang NOT Zhou/ Qin/ Han Olmecs/ Chavin NOT Mayans/ Toltec/
  5. 5. Comparison Question: <ul><li>Compare and contrast the political, social and economic structures of TWO of the early civilizations in the following regions: </li></ul><ul><li>Mesopotamia </li></ul><ul><li>Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Indus Valley </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow River Valley </li></ul><ul><li>Mesoamerica and the Andes </li></ul>
  6. 6. Politics <ul><li>Urban </li></ul><ul><li>Monarchies </li></ul><ul><li>Military and technology </li></ul><ul><li>Compare </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cities form centers of government. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monarchies in Egypt, Mesopotamia and China </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Contrast </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frequent invasions in Mesopotamia, fewer in Egypt and China. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maya city states and Egypt/Shang centralization </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Society <ul><li>Patriarchal </li></ul><ul><li>Social Stratification </li></ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cuneiform, Hieroglyphics, Mayan script, Chinese script </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Patriarchal societies in all regions – except sub-Saharan Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polytheism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Contrast </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Role of women in Egypt and Mesopotamia </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Economy <ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Trade </li></ul><ul><li>Metallurgy </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison </li></ul><ul><ul><li>River valleys and irrigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trade and technology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Contrast </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Little trade in China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agriculture in Western and Eastern hemispheres </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Discussion Questions <ul><li>Is it appropriate to use the same label (Early Civilizations) for each of these societies? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you think we should reject the label “Civilization” for “Complex Societies”? </li></ul>
  10. 10. This week <ul><li>Read chapters 8 & 9 for quiz on Monday </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare for Early Civ Essay – due 9/10 @Midnight on googledocs. </li></ul><ul><li>Posting on Friday: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Period 2: Bonnie, Jemi, Jasmine, Morgan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Period 5: Lou, Leah Seth </li></ul></ul>

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