Shippensburg University Library 1 PLAGIARISM:Cheating is Just a Click Away! Berkley Laite Outreach Services Coordinator Lehman Library
Shippensburg University Library 2 Plagiarism is From the Latin, meaning “kidnapper.” A form of intellectual theft. The false assumption of authorship. The wrongful act of taking the product of another person’s mind and presenting it as one’s own.
Shippensburg University Library 3 Plagiarism
In short, to plagiarize is to give the impression that you wrote or thought something that you in fact borrowed from someone else.
To do so is a violation of professional ethics.
Shippensburg University Library 4 Forms of Plagiarism: Doing the Following Without Acknowledgement
Repeating another’s wording.
Paraphrasing another’s argument.
Presenting another’s line of thinking.
Using someone's particularly apt phrase.
Shippensburg University Library 5 Documentation is Giving Credit for Everything You Borrow: Direct quotations and paraphrases Information and ideas Any material that readers might mistake as yours
Shippensburg University Library 6 Document an “apt” phrase Incorrect handling of an “apt” phrase: Hypertext, as one theorist puts it, is “all about connection, linkage, and affiliation.” Who is the theorist? Where did you read it? Is this phrase the theorist’s or yours? (See next slide for correct citation.)
Shippensburg University Library 7 Document an “apt” phrase In your text: Hypertext, as one theorist puts it, is “all about connection, linkage, and affiliation” (Moulthrop, par. 19). In your “Works Cited:” Moulthrop, Stuart. “You Say You Want a Revolution? Hypertext and the Laws of Media.” Postmodern Culture 1.3 (1991) 3 Apr. 1997 http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/postmodern_culture/v001/ 1.3 moulthrop.html. Shippensburg Library (PA).
Shippensburg University Library 8 Document an idea Incorrect handling of an idea: Between 1968 and 1988, television coverage of presidential elections changed dramatically. Whose idea is this? It’s not your idea, is it? Where did you read it? (See next slide for correct citation.)
Shippensburg University Library 9 Document an idea In your text: Between 1968 and 1988, television coverage of presidential elections changed dramatically (Hallin 5). In your “Works Cited:” Hallin, Daniel C. “Sound Bite News: Television Coverage of Elections, 1968-1988.” Journal of Communication 42.2 (1992): 5-24.
Shippensburg University Library 10 Document a Photograph or Work of Art Incorrect use of a photograph: Note the muted blending of tones in the picture of a mother with her child.
Where did this picture come from?
Who is the artist?
Shippensburg University Library 11 Document a Photograph of Work of Art In your text: Note the muted blending of tones in the picture of a mother with her child. (Cassat)
In your “Works Cited:”
Cassat, Mary. Mother and Child. Los Angeles County Museum of Art. The Amico Libraryhttp://eureka.rlg.org September 24, 2003.
Need Help? Shippensburg University Library 12 EBSCOHost can help!
Citation Help Shippensburg University Library 13
Several Forms Shippensburg University Library 14
Shippensburg University Library 15 Documentation Scholarly authors acknowledge their debts to predecessors by giving credit to each source. You must specify what you borrowed (facts, opinions, quotations) and where you borrowed it from. Writing a paper in college is scholarly writing; you are a scholarly author.
Shippensburg University Library 16 Exceptions to Documentation Familiar proverbs: “You can’t judge a book by its cover.” Well-known quotations: “We shall overcome.” Common knowledge: “Shakespeare was born during the Elizabethan age.”
Shippensburg University Library 17 Review Plagiarism is pretending something you wrote is your own idea. Honesty and ethics require that you give credit to another’s ideas. Documentation is giving credit to your sources of information or ideas. SU considers plagiarism to be Academic Dishonesty.
Shippensburg University Library 18 Why Do Students Plagiarize?
Shippensburg University Library 19 Why Do Students Plagiarize? IGNORANCE
Shippensburg University Library 20 Why Do Students Plagiarize? CARELESS NOTE TAKING
Shippensburg University Library 21 Why Do Students Plagiarize? STRESS AND COMPETITION
Shippensburg University Library 22 Why Do Students Plagiarize? ANTI EDUCATION ATTITUDE
Shippensburg University Library 23 Why Do Students Plagiarize? SELF DEFENSE
Shippensburg University Library 24 Why Do Students Plagiarize? CHEATING BY THOSE ABOVE
Shippensburg University Library 25 Why Do Students Plagiarize? LACK OF PERCEIVED PUNISHMENT
Shippensburg University Library 26 Why Do Students Plagiarize? FEAR OF INADEQUATE WRITING ABILITY
Shippensburg University Library 27 Why Do Students Plagiarize? DO PROFS ACTUALLY READ THE PAPERS?
Shippensburg University Library 28 Why Do Students Plagiarize? CULTURAL DIFFERENCES
Shippensburg University Library 29 How Many Ways Can I Plagiarize?Let Me Count the Ways Download a free research paper Buy a paper from a paper mill Copy a page from the Internet Copy an article from the library’s databases Dump a foreign article into Babelfish Check out the local sources Cut and paste a quilt
Shippensburg University Library 30 How Many Ways Can I Plagiarize?Let Me Count the Ways Quote less than all the words Paraphrase it Fake a citation
Shippensburg University Library 31 Copyright 2001 by Pyrczak Publishing. All rights reserved. Reproduced with permission.
Shippensburg University Library 32 Shippensburg University Policies on Academic Dishonesty
Shippensburg University Library 33 The graduate catalog The undergraduate catalog The student handbook Shippensburg Policies Are In PLUS: ALL THESE ARE AVAILABLE ONLINE!
Shippensburg University Library 34 SU Policy on Academic Dishonesty It is the policy of Shippensburg University to expect academic honesty. Students who commit breaches of academic honesty will be subject to the various sanctions outlined in this section. This policy applies to all students enrolled at Shippensburg during and after their time of enrollment.
Shippensburg University Library 35 Plagiarism Plagiarism is a form of academic dishonesty. Shippensburg University will not tolerate plagiarism, and the faculty will make all reasonable efforts to discourage it. Plagiarism is your unacknowledged use of another writer’s own words or specific facts or propositions or materials in your own writing.
Shippensburg University Library 36 It’s not always plagiarism: Certain situations may cause conscientious students to fear plagiarizing when they are not really plagiarizing. These include: Improper format for documentation Use of supplemental individualized instruction on an assignment Use of a proofreader
Shippensburg University Library 37 Meeting with the Professor You should be treated with respect. You should be given the rules. The professor should ask questions rather than make accusations.
Shippensburg University Library 38 Methods for Resolution Informal Resolution Formal Resolution Penalties
Shippensburg University Library 39 Copyright 2001 by Pyrczak Publishing. All rights reserved. Reproduced with permission.
Shippensburg University Library 40 For More Information: Contact the Learning Center First Floor of the Library 717-477-1420 AIM participations will receive credit for viewing this Power Point presentation by answering the questions below and emailing your replies to firstname.lastname@example.org. 1. Was this presentation useful? 2. Which part of the presentation did you find most useful? 3. Which part of the presentation was the least useful? 4. What are you going to do now based on what you have learned from this presentation?