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Ecology quiz review

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  • 1. Ecology Review Questions
  • 2. Multiple Choice
    • The natural world that surrounds an organism is called the organism’s:
        • a. energy
    • b. environment
    • c. lodgings
    • d. nutrients
  • 3. Multiple Choice
    • The study of how living things interact is called:
    • a. ecosystems
    • b. abiotic factors
    • c. ecology
    • d. the energy pyramid
  • 4. Multiple Choice
    • The source of energy for almost all life on Earth is:
    • a. fungi
    • b. animals
    • c. water
    • d. sunlight
  • 5. Multiple Choice
    • An example of a biotic factor in a forest ecosystem is:
    • a. waterfall
    • b. cliff
    • c. a tree
    • d. a rock
  • 6. Multiple Choice
    • An ecosystem is made up of:
    • a. living things only
    • b. physical environment only
    • c. living things and the physical environment
    • d. living things and decaying matter
  • 7. Multiple Choice
    • In an energy pyramid, the bottom level represents:
    • a. consumers
    • b. producers
    • c. scavengers
    • d. decomposers
  • 8. Multiple Choice
    • An example of a consumer in a pond ecosystem is:
    • a. a water lily
    • b. algae
    • c. a reed
    • d. a frog
  • 9. Multiple Choice
    • Which of these food chains is in the correct order?
    • a. caterpillar, cattail, frog, water snake
    • b. cattail, caterpillar, frog, water snake
    • c. water snake, frog, caterpillar, cattail
    • d. cattail, frog, caterpillar, water snake
  • 10. Multiple Choice
    • Ecology is the study of how:
    • a. the physical environment changes over time
    • b. biotic factors change over time
    • c. matter interacts with energy in our environment
    • d. living things interact with each other and their environment
  • 11. Multiple Choice
    • An example of a biotic factor in a pond ecosystem is:
    • a. temperature
    • b. water
    • c. fish
    • d. sunlight
  • 12. Multiple Choice
    • An example of a producer is a:
    • a. fungus
    • b. caterpillar
    • c. bird
    • d. moss
  • 13. Multiple Choice
    • Both consumers and producers are a source of food for:
    • a. scavengers
    • b. decomposers
    • c. carnivores
    • d. herbivores
  • 14. Multiple Choice
    • In an energy pyramid, the lowest level has:
    • a. less energy than the top level
    • b. less energy than the second level
    • c. more energy than the top level
    • d. the same amount of energy as the second level
  • 15. Multiple Choice
    • A scientist who studies the interactions of plants and animals is called:
    • a. a physicist
    • b. a botanist
    • c. a geologist
    • d. an ecologist
  • 16. Multiple Choice
    • A food chains shows:
    • a. one possible pathway for energy
    • b. many possible pathways for energy
    • c. the amount of energy available to a producer
    • d. the amount of energy available to a consumer
  • 17. Multiple Choice
    • Decomposers are important to ecosystems because they:
    • a. are at the highest level of the energy pyramid
    • b. change simple compounds into more complex ones
    • c. make nutrients available for producers to reuse
    • d. convert light energy into sugars through photosynthesis
  • 18. Multiple Choice
    • Which of the following factors in an ecosystem is biotic?
    • a. insects
    • b. soil
    • c. water
    • d. sunlight
  • 19. Multiple Choice
    • Two abiotic factors that affect an ecosystem are:
    • a. temperature and animals
    • b. plants and animals
    • c. water and bacteria
    • d. soil and water
  • 20. Multiple Choice
    • Two examples of decomposers are:
    • a. fungi and bacteria
    • b. algae and marine mammals
    • c. carnivores and herbivores
    • d. ferns and mosses
  • 21. Multiple Choice
    • A caterpillar eats a leaf, and a bird eats the caterpillar. In this interaction, the bird is a:
    • a. producer
    • b. herbivore
    • c. primary consumer
    • d. secondary consumer
  • 22. Multiple Choice
    • How is a food web model different from a food chain?
    • a. In a web, energy moves from an organism to only one other.
    • b. In a web, energy may move to many organisms from one.
    • c. In a web, an organism gets energy from one source.
    • d. In a web, an organism receives less energy than in a chain.
  • 23. Multiple Choice
    • When a rabbit population in a meadow cannot grow any larger, it has reached the:
    • a. climax community
    • b. carrying capacity
    • c. limiting factor
    • d. minimum size
  • 24. Multiple Choice
    • Which list of terms is in the correct order, from simplest to most complex?
    • a. organism, community, population, ecosystem, biome
    • b. organism, population, community, biome, ecosystem
    • c. organism, population, community, ecosystem, biome
    • d. organism, community, ecosystem, population, biome
  • 25. Multiple Choice
    • A population of rabbits is at its carrying capacity when the population:
    • a. reproduces
    • b. becomes extinct
    • c. stops growing
    • d. can’t survive
  • 26. Multiple Choice
    • An unusually cold winter causes the squirrel population to decrease. This is an example of temperature as a:
    • a. carrying capacity
    • b. limiting factor
    • c. climax community
    • d. pattern in space
  • 27. Multiple Choice
    • All the living things in a meadow and the physical environment around them make up the meadow’s:
    • a. community
    • b. population
    • c. ecosystem
    • d. niche
  • 28. Multiple Choice
    • A crab lives on a beach where it gets food, shelter, and space to live. The beach is the crab’s:
    • a. niche
    • b. community
    • c. habitat
    • d. home
  • 29. Multiple Choice
    • All the leopard frogs in a pond make up the pond’s leopard frog:
    • a. population
    • b. niche
    • c. habitat
    • d. ecosystem
  • 30. Multiple Choice
    • Biodiversity is a measure of the:
    • a. variety of nonliving things within an ecosystem
    • b. amount of resources shared by the human population.
    • c. Variety of species within an ecosystem.
    • d. Amount of renewable resources within an ecosystem.
  • 31. Multiple Choice
    • Biotic factors in an ecosystem may include:
    • a. bacteria, soil, and water
    • b. plants, animals, and bacteria
    • c. temperature, water, and soil
    • d. animals, fungi, and temperature
  • 32. Multiple Choice
    • An animal that eats only plants is a:
    • a. primary consumer
    • b. secondary consumer
    • c. tertiary consumer
    • d. primary producer
  • 33. Multiple Choice
    • An example of a biotic factor is:
    • a. soil
    • b. a rock
    • c. water
    • d. a tree
  • 34. Multiple Choice
    • A snake that eats an insect-eating frog is a:
    • a. primary consumer
    • b. secondary consumer
    • c. tertiary consumer
    • d. primary producer
  • 35. Fill in the Blank
    • A(n) ___________________________ is made up of both living things and the physical environment.
    • An ecosystem is made up of both living things and the physical environment.
  • 36. Fill in the Blank
    • __________________________ is the study of how living things interact with each other and their environment.
    • Ecology is the study of how living things interact with each other and their environment.
  • 37. Fill in the Blank
    • Living things in an ecosystem are ________________________ factors.
    • Living things in an ecosystem are biotoic factors.
  • 38. Fill in the Blank
    • Nonliving things in an ecosystem are __________________________ factors.
    • Nonliving things in an ecosystem are abiotioc factors.
  • 39. Fill in the Blank
    • The __________________________ of an environment is the maximum population that it can support.
    • The carrying capacity of an environment is the maximum population that it can support.
  • 40. True or False?
    • Organisms in soil are an example of abiotic factors.
    • FALSE
  • 41. True or False?
    • The amount of light available in an ecosystem affects the types and amount of plant life that will grow there.
    • TRUE
  • 42. True or False?
    • Plants use energy to make sugars through photosynthesis.
    • TRUE
  • 43. True or False?
    • An ecosystem is composed of biotic factors.
    • FALSE
    • Biotic factors AND abiotic factors.
  • 44. True or False?
    • In a species, the organisms’ offspring must be able to breed.
    • TRUE
  • 45. True or False?
    • The same niche in a habitat may be occupied by more than one species.
    • TRUE
  • 46. Matching
    • _____ Producer a. made up of many overlapping food chains
    • _____Consumer b. organism that converts heat or light energy into chemical energy
    • _____Decomposer c. shows how energy is lost as it is transferred up the food chain
    • _____Food Chain d. organism that gets its energy by eating plants or animals
    • _____Food Web e. shows one set of feeding relationships between a producer and several consumers
    • _____Energy Pyramid f. organism that breaks down dead plants and animals into simpler compounds
  • 47. Matching
    • __B__ Producer a. made up of many overlapping food chains
    • _____Consumer b. organism that converts heat or light energy into chemical energy
    • _____Decomposer c. shows how energy is lost as it is transferred up the food chain
    • _____Food Chain d. organism that gets its energy by eating plants or animals
    • _____Food Web e. shows one set of feeding relationships between a producer and several consumers
    • _____Energy Pyramid f. organism that breaks down dead plants and animals into simpler compounds
    • A producer is an organism that converts heat or light energy into chemical energy.
  • 48. Matching
    • __B__ Producer a. made up of many overlapping food chains
    • __D__ Consumer b. organism that converts heat or light energy into chemical energy
    • _____ Decomposer c. shows how energy is lost as it is transferred up the food chain
    • _____ Food Chain d. organism that gets its energy by eating plants or animals
    • _____ Food Web e. shows one set of feeding relationships between a producer and several consumers
    • _____ Energy Pyramid f. organism that breaks down dead plants and animals into simpler compounds
    • A consumer is an organism that gets its energy by eating plants or animals.
  • 49. Matching
    • __B__ Producer a. made up of many overlapping food chains
    • __D__ Consumer b. organism that converts heat or light energy into chemical energy
    • __F__ Decomposer c. shows how energy is lost as it is transferred up the food chain
    • _____ Food Chain d. organism that gets its energy by eating plants or animals
    • _____ Food Web e. shows one set of feeding relationships between a producer and several consumers
    • _____ Energy Pyramid f. organism that breaks down dead plants and animals into simpler compounds
    • A decomposer is an organism that breaks down dead plants and animals into simpler compounds.
  • 50. Matching
    • __B__ Producer a. made up of many overlapping food chains
    • __D__ Consumer b. organism that converts heat or light energy into chemical energy
    • __F__ Decomposer c. shows how energy is lost as it is transferred up the food chain
    • __E__ Food Chain d. organism that gets its energy by eating plants or animals
    • _____ Food Web e. shows one set of feeding relationships between a producer and several consumers
    • _____ Energy Pyramid f. organism that breaks down dead plants and animals into simpler compounds
    • A food chain shows one set of feeding relationships between a producer and several consumers.
    • .
  • 51. Matching
    • __B__ Producer a. made up of many overlapping food chains
    • __D__ Consumer b. organism that converts heat or light energy into chemical energy
    • __F__ Decomposer c. shows how energy is lost as it is transferred up the food chain
    • __E__ Food Chain d. organism that gets its energy by eating plants or animals
    • __A__ Food Web e. shows one set of feeding relationships between a producer and several consumers
    • _____ Energy Pyramid f. organism that breaks down dead plants and animals into simpler compounds
    • A food web is made up of many overlapping food chains.
  • 52. Matching
    • __B__ Producer a. made up of many overlapping food chains
    • __D__ Consumer b. organism that converts heat or light energy into chemical energy
    • __F__ Decomposer c. shows how energy is lost as it is transferred up the food chain
    • __E__ Food Chain d. organism that gets its energy by eating plants or animals
    • __A__ Food Web e. shows one set of feeding relationships between a producer and several consumers
    • __C__ Energy Pyramid f. organism that breaks down dead plants and animals into simpler compounds
    • An energy pyramid shows how energy is lost as it is transferred up the food chain.
  • 53. Matching
    • _____ It surrounds all living things
    • _____All living organisms need it
    • _____It gives Earth most of its energy
    • organism
    • Energy
    • The ocean
    • Environment
    • The Sun
  • 54. Matching
    • __D__ It surrounds all living things
    • _____All living organisms need it
    • _____It gives Earth most of its energy
    • organism
    • Energy
    • The ocean
    • Environment
    • The Sun
  • 55. Matching
    • __D__ It surrounds all living things
    • __B__All living organisms need it
    • _____It gives Earth most of its energy
    • organism
    • Energy
    • The ocean
    • Environment
    • The Sun
  • 56. Matching
    • __D__ It surrounds all living things
    • __B__All living organisms need it
    • __E__It gives Earth most of its energy
    • organism
    • Energy
    • The ocean
    • Environment
    • The Sun
  • 57. Matching
    • _____ Two organisms try to get the same thing in a relation
    • _____ Two organisms benefit in a relationship
    • _____ The role a species fills in a habitat
    • a. niche
    • b. habitat
    • c. parasitism
    • d. competition
    • e. mutualism
  • 58. Matching
    • __D__ Two organisms try to get the same thing in a relation
    • _____ Two organisms benefit in a relationship
    • _____ The role a species fills in a habitat
    • a. niche
    • b. habitat
    • c. parasitism
    • d. competition
    • e. mutualism
  • 59. Matching
    • __D__ Two organisms try to get the same thing in a relation
    • __E__ Two organisms benefit in a relationship
    • _____ The role a species fills in a habitat
    • a. niche
    • b. habitat
    • c. parasitism
    • d. competition
    • e. mutualism
  • 60. Matching
    • __D__ Two organisms try to get the same thing in a relation
    • __E__ Two organisms benefit in a relationship
    • __A__ The role a species fills in a habitat
    • a. niche
    • b. habitat
    • c. parasitism
    • d. competition
    • e. mutualism
  • 61. Matching
    • _____ Something from the environment that humans use
    • _____ Number of people in a given area
    • _____ The variety of life in an ecosystem
    • a. pollution
    • b. population density
    • c. natural resource
    • d. Invasive species
    • e. biodiversity
  • 62. Matching
    • __C__ Something from the environment that humans use
    • _____ Number of people in a given area
    • _____ The variety of life in an ecosystem
    • a. pollution
    • b. population density
    • c. natural resource
    • d. Invasive species
    • e. biodiversity
  • 63. Matching
    • __C__ Something from the environment that humans use
    • __B__ Number of people in a given area
    • _____ The variety of life in an ecosystem
    • a. pollution
    • b. population density
    • c. natural resource
    • d. Invasive species
    • e. biodiversity
  • 64. Matching
    • __C__ Something from the environment that humans use
    • __B__ Number of people in a given area
    • __E__ The variety of life in an ecosystem
    • a. pollution
    • b. population density
    • c. natural resource
    • d. Invasive species
    • e. biodiversity
  • 65. What do the arrows in the food web represent? The flow of energy within the food web.
  • 66. List two producers and three consumers in the food web. Producers = rosebush, oak tree, grass Consumers = deer, wolf, rabbit, squirrel caterpillar, frog, sparrow, snake, hawk
  • 67. Draw one food chain that includes the sparrow. rose bush –> caterpillar –> sparrow -> hawk rose bush -> caterpillar -> sparrow -> snake oak tree -> caterpillar -> sparrow -> hawk oak tree -> caterpillar -> sparrow -> snake grass -> caterpillar -> sparrow -> hawk grass -> caterpillar -> sparrow -> snake
  • 68.
    • Good Luck
    • on the Test!
    • Remember
    • to
    • Study!