Americare health angels 2012 winner

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Poster presentation competition on Fire disaster management in a college fest scenario. In round 2, 28 teams were called out of which three were honered with first, second and third prize as ceremony …

Poster presentation competition on Fire disaster management in a college fest scenario. In round 2, 28 teams were called out of which three were honered with first, second and third prize as ceremony at Marriot, Juhu, Mumbai

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  • 1. AmeriCares India Health Angels’ Competition 2012 Situation Analysis Pre-emptive Planning Response Mechanism Presented By: Scalability & Applicability Team – Active Y Abstract no 20 Shanu Singh(shanuchaudhery@gmail.com), PGDITM5 Sundeep Ankisetty(sandy.ahnk@gmail.com), PGDITM5
  • 2. The Flow……. Dreadful Past  Learning & Findings Situation Analysis  Building Positioning  Floor Usage and Planning Preparedness  Vulnerability Assessment  Planning  Information Systems  Resource Base  Warning systems  Education & Training timelines  Drills & Learning Response mechanism  Refugee Points  Staircase Usage Contingency Planning  Exit Staircase Usage  Fire brigade truck Long term & Short term planning
  • 3. Dreadful Past…Finding: Most fire incident casualty take place because of improper planning & crowd miss management atlocations such as – Schools/Colleges, Temples, Cinema Theaters & Festivals/Fairs
  • 4. Situation AnalysisInstitute building has dense plantation at the back, petrol station on the left and open ground on the right side. Thepresence of petrol station and plantation in vicinity makes its mandatory to control the fire even before it spreadsto the boundary areas of compound. Clearly current situation demands a multi-layered robust plan which can takecare of threats to life, property and nature.
  • 5. Detailed Floor Plan for EvacuationGround Floor with reception and parking space Second Floor with staff rooms and administrative offices First Floor with auditorium Third to sixth Floor are similar – It will have classrooms
  • 6. PreparednessPreparedness in advance is very critical to success of any activity. Inorder to tackle the fire disaster we shall workon eight fronts.
  • 7. Preparedness - Vulnerability Assessment (priority area) •Identification of participants by handicap along with concerned floor where they attend the event. •Building area is close to petrol station and vegetation. Hence we must be extra careful by containing the fire. •In a building, two floors above and below, the emergency floor are more vulnerable to heat and smoke. •Identification of participants by gender & age along with concerned floor •Above assessment make us ready for the demographic data for the checklist marking in case of evacuation
  • 8. Preparedness - Planning  Planning team should consist of these stakeholders:  Fire department personnel  Faculty advisor to fest  Fest coordinators - Students  Building architect or layout designer  Central coordination plan along with specific floor plan will define guidelines, as follows: Timely controlling and raising of fire alarm along with coordinated evacuation of people Special dress code (illuminated color) with cap so that they can be identified easily Electricity control will be handled by central coordination team (shutting down of lifts and air conditioning)
  • 9. Preparedness – Planning (Floor planning) Floor plan will specify following:  Identification of visible locations and selection different safety signage and guidelines to fest participants  Identification of refuge area at upper and ground floors  Identification of floor captain (responsible for directing people in rooms and toilets to refuge area or fire exits) and central coordination team to guide floor captains for evacuation route considering all floors and fire location.
  • 10. Preparedness - Warning & Information Systems (alarm and communication)Warning Communication & Information System Fire Detection (pre installed or portable)  Two-way communication between the Early warning signal for floor captains to emergency area and central control. It can beevacuate children, physically challenged, achieved using wireless handset devices or bysenior citizens and ladies followed by others mobile phones with hands free (PTT service)  Backup Communication system in the event the primary system becomes inoperative. - (flag system, use red flags in case of emergency) Floor 6 For floor specific announcements loud speakers should be used to be loud and clear with Floor 5 instructions. Floor 4 Floor 3 Floor 2 Floor 1 Ground Floor
  • 11. Preparedness – Resource Base & ResponsibilitySummary Central Floor Teams Coordination Team (Respective floors) Key to successful implementation is in (Ground floor) preparedness of the team in terms of –Size 5 6*2  Allocation of clearly defined rolesLoud Speakers 2 12  Availability of required guidelinesWireless Handset 3 12  Availability ancillary equipments (alarm, fire extinguishers, blankets, first aid etc)Red Flag (Emergency 3 12floor) On similar line, we will have:Yellow Flag(starting 3 12evacuation) Central coordination team of 5 peopleGreen Flag(evacuation 3 12completed) Two floor captains for each of the floorFirst Aid kit 1 6 catering to eastern and western blockStandy Duty Water tenders with fire man (prevent fire from spreading to vicinity like plantation and One standby duty water tenders with petrol station and also for evacuation refuge point on 4th floor) fire man, such service offered by the State Fire Service (Eg. Delhi) on demand. (We needSand Sand filled in buckets along the petrol station to apply to Chief Fire Officer stating the expected number of boundary people participating in the function/ceremony, the hazardous conditions.)
  • 12. Preparedness – Education & Training Timelines
  • 13. Preparedness – DrillsGrill the Drill Guidelines for Drill• To identify any weakness in evacuation plan • Inform visitors & members of public if they are• To test the procedure following any recent presentchanges in working practice • Get a first aid medical kit & team ready in the• To familiarize team with procedures refugee area• To test the arrangements for vulnerable • Lifts must not be used to create the simulatedgroup (such as old, children, disabled) environment• To identify the weakness in emergency • All the staff must be extremely careful whencommunications procedure and systems evacuating across street to avoid any accidents• To identify the crowd management capability • On the spot debrief to discuss about successof different floor captains and central and failures. All learnings must becoordination team collated/recorded & worked upon • Record of time should be kept from time of sounding the alarm till the last person leaves
  • 14. Preparedness – Drills Learning
  • 15. Preparedness – Sanity Check TimelinesTimeline to check if all theplanned activities arecompleted within the deadline
  • 16. Response Mechanism 3 pronged approach to Fire response mechanismFirst hand knowledge! Fight or alert! Evacuate!•Auto Smoke alarm •Quick decision on fire fighting •Follow Floor Captain’s and•Manual Alarm •Start evacuating Wall Poster instructions•Floor captain alerts the Main •Depending on the type of fire •Control measures to avoid anycontrol about the type of fire take measures like power panic situation•The fire truck stationed near shutdown etc.. •Captain follows evacuationthe college is alerted •Neighboring petrol station is procedure alerted.
  • 17. Contingency Analysis• Evacuation priority to the incident floor and to immediate floors above and 3 below it.• Crowd Management by each floor captain, using alternate stair case to prevent stampede• Refugee site at 4th floor, in case of smoke at lower floors , for evacuation with Fire truck’s stair case 1 2• Head count to see none are missed out• Sand Bags next to petrol bunk to prevent Floor number 1 2 3 4 5 6 fire spread Staircase to be used 1 2 1 2 1 2• Pruning of plantation spread in the (West wing) campus Staircase to be used 2 3 2 3 2 3 (East wing)
  • 18. Long Term & Short Term PlanningLong term Fire Prevention Policy Short term Fire Prevention Policy • Student Training • Crowd management for fest or • Yearly training program functions • Biannual Fire Drills • Evacuation Mechanism • Administration • Equipment procurement • Maintenance • Wireless and other communication device • Equipment up-gradation • Checklist Mechanism • Annual Assignment of Floor captain roles • Drill • Annual audits to check the • Evacuation robustness of system • Vulnerability Assessment • Capability check and testing
  • 19. References1. Disaster preparedness for effective response - guidance and indicator package for implementing priority five of the Hyogo framework - Hyogo framework for action 2005-2015: building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters, United Nations2. Evacuation systems for high-rise buildings , national safety council3. School safety, government of India, ministry of home affairs, national disaster management division4. Disaster preparedness, disaster management training programme, united nations5. Emergency preparedness plan, United Nations6. Emergency planning for high-rise buildings by Daniel e. Della-Giustina, Ph.d.7. Guidebook on technologies for disaster preparedness and mitigation, by dr. Satyabrata Sahu under a consultancy assignment given by the Asian and Pacific centre for transfer of technology (APCTT).8. Introduction to disaster preparedness by international federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent societies9. Employee fire and life safety: developing a preparedness plan and conducting emergency evacuation drills the following excerpts are taken from the book introduction to employee fire and life safety, edited by guy colonna, © 2001 national fire protection association.10. Guide to carrying out a supervised fire evacuation drill, fire technical guide, UCL