Active Y - Omniscient, IIM A


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This is the qualifying round presentation at Kronos 2010, IIM A - Confluence B School Fest

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Active Y - Omniscient, IIM A

  1. 1. Active Y Shanu Singh ( Rakesh Sahu (
  2. 2. IntroductionFPC/JFM community based institution model is replicable since it contribute to:1. Forest management2. Aspects of sustainable human development – ecological output, income generation, village infrastructure development and community empowerment. These aspects converts into benefit for villagers. Maslow’s Positioning For Forest Dweller FD  Limited avenue of income generation  Majority of forest and forest fringe dweller have 20-54% income generated from NTFS.  Physiological, safety and security needs are of major concerns FPC/JFM Physiological Needs - JFM Initiative Forest Sustainability &  Food  Improved nutrition by helping grow chana, Human Development soyabean etc  Water  Development of irrigation & drinking water facilities  Shelter  Indira Avas Yojana for shelter development Security Needs - JFM Initiative  Education  Introduction of primary school education  Economies  Provided direct access to seller market  Financial  Introduction of microcredit facility  Health  Access to health care Safety Needs - JFM Initiative  Family  Women up-liftment and empowerment  Social Stability  Better income level, education level and lesser crimes  Forest Property  Villager are empowered to protect the forest Introduction Benefits Challenges Structure Future Roadmap
  3. 3. Indirect Benefits (Villager Perspective) Direct Benefits (Villager Perspective) EmploymentEmpowerment Opportunities Villagers are empowered and in better control of their lives Shared control and Women betterment through their participation in decision making Enhanced irrigation decision-making potential for higher authority overEcology Maintenance crop production forest-lands• Protection of forest helps in maintaining the bio-diversity both in terms of flora and fauna Better communication Forest basedArea Coverage transport and earning health care Land coverage by forest decreases the extent of soil erosion It has helped in maintaining ground water level Enhanced spring flows Earnings from Non Timber Forest Daily Wage incomeGreen Cover Products (NTFPs) Initiative has helped in improving the forest coverage from 76.52m ha in 1997 to 76.96m ha in 2005 Advantages (FD Perspective) • Provides the required manpower capacity for protection of forest (76 m ha) • Local forest dwellers are more acquainted with forests hence better security • Upliftment of tribal population will help in development of geography • JFM can help in providing • Rehabilitating the degraded forest areas with the participation of local communities • Biodiversity conservation and Rehabilitating the degraded forest areas • Control over forest fire and grazing Introduction Benefits Challenges Structure Future Roadmap
  4. 4. Challenges Proposed SolutionsControl Mechanism Control Mechanism Layer•Strike a balance in power and authority between the villagers •A legal document should be designed to categorically defineand the FD/FPC the power, authority 7 role of the FD/FPC.•Establishing effective control over the decentralized structure •Regular reporting mechanism should be put in placeCoordination glitches Coordination•Proper Communication and coordination between the village •All the communication should done between FD official andand the FD/FPC elected village representative•Revenue boundaries may lead to disputes •Revenue percentage breakup should be made clear to villagersConflict Conflict Resolution Conflict at different levels :  Conflict resolution at different levels : Among villagers Village representative will handle FPC- Other formal/Informal Institutions Forest department with State forest ministry FPC-FD Forest department with State forest ministryMonitoring Monitoring Measures Auditing community forestry related financial records  Auditing should be done by an independent auditing NGO Monitoring and inspection of the actual achievement s of FPC  Regular performance check and immediate actionSustainability Of Model Sustainable Model Model is not completely sustainable since it needs initial start  Non government organization such as NGO, private fund of Rs. 50,000 and driving fund from institutions like organizations should be approached for sponsorship to government and world bank maintain the cash flow for development activityNeeds New Revenue Stream New Revenue Stream Only few low cost NTFP are in the list.  Addition of new high value NTFP such as aonla dry & green, baheda, stavan, bilora, belgada and honey will bring in more revenues Introduction Benefits Challenges Structure Future Roadmap
  5. 5. Proposed Structure JFM Allocates funds after review JFM Fund reviews audits SFD surveys JFM Fund Crop Actual or Expense Production Achievement forwards Report Report Report FSI Comm. Fund Planned Expense activities report Repot JFM Fund Revenue Generation Report Forest Density Bio Diversity preparesAbbreviations Regeneration of FPC Head VR•JFM – Joint Forest plant speciesManagement•SFD – State Forest FPC Dpty Head Asst. VRDept. FPC•FPC – ForestProtection committee Villagers•VR – VillageRepresentive•FSI – Forest Survey of Comm. FundINDIA Introduction Benefits Challenges Structure Future Roadmap
  6. 6. Recommendations Recommendations (policy front)Recommendations For Human Development  Renewed NGO and civic orientation policy : All act likeHealthcare non-state equal partner for both facilitation and -Development of healthcare facility in coordination with the implementation district level government medical office or NGO.  Economic re-orientation of policy : Change approach from -Regular immunization campaign to prevent disease like polio etc target driven approach to transaction cost analysis onCottage Industry social cost benefit analysis -FPC should promote small cottage industry like handloom,  Build social capital though social re-engineering: Social sericulture etc engineering to provide platform for mainstreamingRoads marginalized sections of society to mitigate social -Approach road to nearby highway/forest road should be laid for movements like Maoist Movement easy forest management  Organic village community: Instead being a politicalDrinking Water institution , agency should be formed with marginalized -New hand-pumps should be setup for easy availability of water poor people, landless laborer, NGO, environmentalist and -Water treatment plant should be setup for community water women for benefit of all drinking water  Target vulnerable groups: Since Panchayat is an institution of rural elite which does not represent landless laborers . So policy needs to be drafted to serve in larger villages with 1970-80: Participatory 1988: The National forest management at Forest Policy created 1990: GOI launched heterogeneous population from all walks of life. community participationSukhomajri, Arabari, and Harda space for community participation in the form JFMC  Coordination with NREGA to provide employment at village level 2005: Forest cover 1999: Forest cover 2007: Reduction in JFM 76.96m ha, 22m ha 76.52m ha, 10.24m ha funding, adverse effect under 106482 JFMC under 36,160 JFMC. Beyond: Restoration of momentum by 2010: We are here implementing proposed recommendations Introduction Benefits Challenges Structure Future Roadmap