Intro ewt, questionnaires
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Intro ewt, questionnaires Intro ewt, questionnaires Presentation Transcript

  • Eyewitness TestimonyL/O: to be able to outline and evaluate Loftus and Palmer’s (1974) research.Starter1. Write down exactly whatyour tutor was wearing whenyou saw them this morning.2. Write down what my firstfive words were to you thismorning.
  • L/O: to be able to outline and evaluate Loftus and Palmer’s (1974) research.Taking in your surroundings is difficult.We often miss significant events because our attention cannotbe directed to everything.Cognitive Psychologists agree that most memories arereconstructions of events rather than exact versions.Some accurate fragments + gaps filled using previous knowledgeand expectations = reconstructed memory.Though we tend to have the impression that these memories areaccurate. Eyewitness testimony in the courtroom is where providing this inaccurate information can be catastrophic.
  • L/O: to be able to outline and evaluate Loftus and Palmer’s (1974) research.RONNIE BULLOCK was sentenced to 60 years in jail forkidnapping a raping a young Illinois girl. EDWARDHONAKER spent a decade in a Virginia prison for sexuallyassaulting a woman at gunpoint. KIRK BLOODSWORTHwas shipped off to Maryland’s death row for a raping andstrangling a 9-year-old girl.All three were convicted in part because eyewitnessesfirmly placed them at the scene of the crime.They were among the first convicts to be exonerated byDNA tests proving that someone else was responsible.
  • L/O: to be able to outline and evaluate Loftus and Palmer’s (1974) research. Loftus and Palmer (1974) A study into language and memory in a car accident reconstructionSo what did they do in Experiment 1?Research Method = Laboratory expResearch Design = Independent Groups Can youIV = Verb used outline theDV = Estimate of speed research?Found: (AO1)Miss to read the summary of Experiment 2.IV = Verb used (or lack of qu)DV = yes or no to broken glass quFound:
  • L/O: to be able to outline and evaluate Loftus and Palmer’s (1974) research.Evaluation (AO2)?1. Discuss ideas in pairs. 2. Use textbook page 77 to help you evaluate this study.
  • Self-report techniques: QuestionnairesL/O: To be able to explain QUESTIONNAIRES as a self-report technique (AO3). Starter: Complete the questionnaire. Identify which are open questions and which are closed questions.
  • L/O: To be able to explain QUESTIONNAIRES as a self-report technique (AO3). Types of questionsType 1: Closed questions- Rank order questions Use the textbook- Likert scale questions page 36-37 and common sense (!)- Checklist questions to identify which types of the closed- Dichotomous questions questions I asked you on the- Semantic differential questions. questionnaire.Type 2: Open questions.
  • L/O: To be able to explain QUESTIONNAIRES as a self-report technique (AO3). Open Closed Qualitative Quantitative Richer source of info Easy to analyse Question bias Difficult to interpret
  • L/O: To be able to explain QUESTIONNAIRES as a self-report technique (AO3). Open Closed Qualitative QuantitativeRicher source of info Question bias Difficult to interpret Easy to analyse
  • L/O: To be able to explain QUESTIONNAIRES as a self-report technique (AO3).Issues with questions Embarrassing questions: likelihood of unanswered questions increases. Leading questions: encourage a certain response from participants. Lack of clarity: ambiguity and unnecessary jargon. Social desirability bias: participants answer in way that presents them as they wish to be.
  • A psychologistinvestigated the effect of different forms of day care on children’s later social development. Sheselected two different types of day care: • child minders • day nurseries.The children had been in one of these types of day care full-time for at least a year before they started primary school. Each child’s motherwas asked to complete a questionnaire.
  • Questionnaires: AO2 and AO3L/O: To create a questionnaire and pilot it (AO3) To evaluate questionnaires as a research method (AO2) Starter: • Complete the IV, DV, hypotheses sheet.
  • L/O: To create a questionnaire and pilot it (AO3) To evaluate questionnaires as a research method (AO2) • Use the guidance on page 38 of the textbook and your prior knowledge to create a questionnaire for administering to a small sample of people in the room. • Steps 1- 4.
  • L/O: To create a questionnaire and pilot it (AO3) To evaluate questionnaires as a research method (AO2) • Administer the questionnaire to your sample. • Any issues to be ironed out?
  • L/O: To create a questionnaire and pilot it (AO3) To evaluate questionnaires as a research method (AO2) Evaluation of Questionnaires as a self-report method (AO2) Strengths /Advantages Weaknesses / Disadvantages