Characteristics of the Romantic Period• Was seen most strongly in the visual arts, music, and literature.• Moved away from Classical form and structure• Expressed emotions through music • Feeling • Intuition • Imagination
• Music was used to tell stories, or give ideas to express a meaning• Composers began to use other countries around the world for a source of new musical ideas
• Melodies are longer, more dramatic and emotional• There is a greater variety of instruments, including improved or newly-invented wind instruments
Ludwig Van Beethoven (1770-1827)• German composer and pianist• Studied with Haydn• Was the link between the Classical Period into the Romantic period
• Around 1796, Beethoven began tolose his hearing• Suffered from tinnitus- a severe “ringing” in the ears• Kept conversation books between friends and other musicians• Rumored that he cut the legs off the piano to hear it better through the vibrations on the floor
Moonlight Sonata•What is the “mood” of this piece?•Tempo? http://youtu.be/UHd8jwXBzXE Symphony No. 5•How many notes is the Main Theme?•Variation on Theme http://youtu.be/4J9uiOrCx48
Franz Schubert(1797-1828)• Venice, Italy• Died at age 31• Wrote over 600 songs• 9 symphonies
“Ave Maria”• Latin Text Hail Mary,full of grace,the Lord is with thee; blessed art thou among women,and blessed is the fruit of thy womb,Jesus. Holy Mary,Mother of God,pray for us sinners,now and at the hour of our death.Amen. http://youtu.be/bPvAQxZsgpQ
“Unfinished” SymphonyNo.8 • Started in 1822 • Schubert Lived for 6 more years, just never finished it! • What are the first 2 woodwind instruments heard in Movement 1? http://youtu.be/t12EAoed3D0
Frederic Chopin (1810-1849)• Polish composer• Died at age 39• Child prodigy on piano
Mazurka in B flat Major• Based on traditional Polish dance• Written for SOLO piano• -piano sonata, mazurka, waltz, nocturne, p olonaise, etude, impromptu and prelude http://youtu.be/k9MDJuKL3sA Prelude No. 4 http://youtu.be/rNUOIzCeSIY
Franz Liszt (1811-1886)• Hungarian Composer• Virtuostic Pianist• Said to be the greatest pianist of all time• Trois Etudes De Concert No. 3- Un Sospiro http://youtu.be/PnPygtJQxpY
Giussepe Verdi (1813-1903)• Italian Composer• Infamous for Opera “Aida”-Egyptian themes “Grand Triumphal March” http://youtu.be/l3w4I-KElxQ
Gioachino Rossini (1792-1868)• Italian Composer• Wrote 39 Operas• “The Barber of Seville”http://youtu.be/eyhuIC1sxJY http://youtu.be/fMycc_InNoA
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