• Ragas- A raga, very basically, is the equivalent to what Western music would call a scale. However, in ragas, the actual tonal distance between the notes may be completely different than "Do, Re, Mi".
Talas- A Tala is a rhythmic pattern, generally kept on the Indian drums known as the Tabla. Some talas are very simple, some are extremely complex. Talas are all cyclical, and hold down the rhythm of the piece while the melodic instruments improvise. Tabla Drums
The Sitar- Perhaps the best-known Indian classical instrument is the Sitar, which is a stringed instrument with moveable frets (allowing for tuning to different ragas). Ravi Shankar is the best-known sitar player in the Westhttp://youtu.be/4gWCiLexilY http://youtu.be/igDsu5QWhpo
• Long hollow neck• ”Sympathetic” Strings• Gourd resonating chamber - like a guitar
Bollywood Films- These movies, often called masala films, are three hours long, containing multiple melodramatic plotlines, glitzy costumes and scenery, and over-the-top song and dance numbers. They are primarily produced in Mumbai, India, and have become one of the most popular and lucrative film genres around the world.
• Quite melodramatic• Lyrics are beautiful and literary• Draws from classic and modern poetry
Gamelans are tuned to specific scales, and can be played only in that scale. The musicians each play a specific instrument, and they play in an almost cyclical (circle) rhythm, giving the gamelan an intense and highly active sound --- sometimes hard to listen to!
• Xylophones• Gongs• Bells• Drums• Primarily percussion only. Using mostly metal sounds, except drumheads. Seldom use wooden or bamboo instruments or choral and strings sections.
• Bhangra is believed to date back to the 14th or 15th century, though it may be even older• “Bhangra" eventually referred not only to the dance itself, but also the music, characterized by the intense beating of a drum called adhol.
• Tuvan “throat singers” are able to, through shaping their throat, lips and mouth, produce a number of tones at once.• This ability to create a range of notes, including a melody and several harmonic overtones, is used to imitate sounds of nature.
http://youtu.be/TVyyhHFKI8E• Comes from small region in Central Asia• Traditionally use soloist• Some use percussion section and jaw harp