CHAPTER 4 Policy Analysis from a Historical Perspective The Policy-Based Profession An Introduction to Social Welfare Policy Analysis for Social Workers Fifth Edition Philip R. Popple & Leslie Leighninger Slides by Heather Kanenberg, University of Houston, Clear LakeThis multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: •Any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; •Preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; •Any rental, lease, or lending of the program.
The Role of History• Essential to understanding the: – Evolution of policies over time – Critiques of policy approaches used – Strategies used by policy makers – Assumptions about the causes of social problems – Much more… What else can history tell us?
Examples of Policy History• Macro Policy: Colonial Poor Relief & Orphan Asylums• Mezzo Policy: Agency Policy re: Client Eligibility & Agency Policy re: Employees• Others? What policies are you familiar with their history & why?
Methods of Policy History• Key questions or development of a hypothesis• Evidence to support or respond to your questions or hypothesis – Multiple sources and types of data for this phase• Interpretation of findings and development of answers to questions posed at the outset
Errors in the Interpretation of History• Cross Cultural Error• Overgeneralization on the part of the analyst• Oversimplification and ignoring the complexities that exist• Inappropriate or misguided cause and effect relationships assertedMany of these based on researcher/analyst bias!