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Community breast cancer presentation(1)
Community breast cancer presentation(1)
Community breast cancer presentation(1)
Community breast cancer presentation(1)
Community breast cancer presentation(1)
Community breast cancer presentation(1)
Community breast cancer presentation(1)
Community breast cancer presentation(1)
Community breast cancer presentation(1)
Community breast cancer presentation(1)
Community breast cancer presentation(1)
Community breast cancer presentation(1)
Community breast cancer presentation(1)
Community breast cancer presentation(1)
Community breast cancer presentation(1)
Community breast cancer presentation(1)
Community breast cancer presentation(1)
Community breast cancer presentation(1)
Community breast cancer presentation(1)
Community breast cancer presentation(1)
Community breast cancer presentation(1)
Community breast cancer presentation(1)
Community breast cancer presentation(1)
Community breast cancer presentation(1)
Community breast cancer presentation(1)
Community breast cancer presentation(1)
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Community breast cancer presentation(1)

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Girls Night In 2011 - Presentation by Rosemary Hannan

Girls Night In 2011 - Presentation by Rosemary Hannan

Published in: Health & Medicine
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  • 1. BREAST CANCER Oatley Girls Night In November 2011
  • 2. Definition
    • The uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells originating from the breast.
    • Breast anatomy is made of milk ducts, lobules, fatty tissue, and the nipple.
    • Cancer can be found in these sites.
  • 3.
    • Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women in Australia
    • It is the most common cause of cancer-related deaths in women
    • 1 in 8 women will develop breast cancer by the age of 85 years
    • 1:763 of breast cancers are in men
    Statistics: ( NBOCC 2008)
  • 4. Statistics
    • In 2003 breast cancer accounted for 29% of all cancers in women
    • Last 10 years there has been a 7% increase in breast cancer but a 22% decrease in breast cancer deaths
  • 5. Numbers diagnosed
    • In 2010 approx 14,000 women diagnosed with breast cancer and just over 100 men
    • 38 women diagnosed each day
    • Average age for women 60 years and 66 years for a man
    • (Australian Institute of Health & Welfare and NBOCC)
  • 6. Ages
    • 13% women 20-44yrs
    • 61% women 45-69yrs
    • 26% women > 70yrs
  • 7. Risk factors
    • Major
    • Being female
    • Increased age
    • Previous history of breast cancer
    • Family history of breast cancer
    • BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation
  • 8. Risk factors (cont)
    • Minor
    • Early onset of periods (before 12 yrs)
    • Late onset of menopause (after 55 yrs)
    • No children
    • First child after 30 yrs of age
    • HRT – hormone replacement therapy
    • Alcohol
    • Dietary fat
  • 9. Facts Phytoestrogens
    • Found in Soy products
    • May act like oestrogen when consumed. May act like a weak oestrogen and may also be an oestrogen blocker.
    • Scientific studies are contradictory no clinical trials have been done.
  • 10. Facts Phytoestrogens
    • Soy foods consumption in moderation is recommended.
    • Women with breast cancer to have soy in moderation but not increase any more into their diet
  • 11. Facts Stress
    • No solid evidence stress is not a risk factor.
    • 10 studies found no link.
    • 2 studies found women with significant stressful events eg loss of a husband etc were more at a risk
  • 12. Facts Stress
    • People under stress can increase their risk due to adding smoking and drinking of alcohol.
    • Increase the fat in their diet and gain weight to add and increased risk.
  • 13. Survival
    • Increase from
    • 71.8% in 1982-1986 to
    • 87.8% in 1998-2004
    • In 2006 143,967 women alive who have had breast cancer in the past 25 years (NBOCC, 2009)
  • 14. Statistics
    • Survival is measured by the amount of people alive 5 years after treatment.
    • High rate of surviving BC if diagnosed and treated early.
    • Between 1998-2002 86% of early BC survivors were still alive.
  • 15. Statistics
    • This includes people with secondary breast cancer.
    • Women with small BC’s of 10mm or less in diameter the 5 year survival is almost as high as for women without BC.
  • 16.
    • Palpable lumps–painful, painless
    • Distorted breast size or shape
    • Change in colour / inflammation
    • Thickening of breasts
    • Inverted / retracted nipple
    • Nipple discharge
    • Skin dimpling or puckering
    • Scaling of the skin
    Things to Look For:
  • 17. Screening
    • Breast self-examination (BSE) - monthly
    • Clinical breast examination – annual check with GP
    • Mammography/Ultrasound – usually every 2 years
  • 18. Mammography
  • 19. Breast Self Examination
    • Check monthly
    • Stand before a mirror
    • Look at breasts for anything abnormal
    • Place hands on hips
    • Push shoulders back and breasts forward, then shoulders forward and flex chest muscles
    • Raise hands over / behind head.
    • Check for any changes
  • 20. Breast Self Examination
    • Place left hand behind head
    • With right hand, use sensitive pads of fingers
    • 1 st – press lightly feeling surface of breast
    • 2 nd – press firmly feeling for anything deeper in breast
    • Use small, circular motions, checking the whole breast
  • 21. Breast Self Examination
    • Check whole breast –including above breast to collarbone and out to armpit, beneath breast, and nipple.
    • Gently check nipple and areola for any discharge or scaling
    • Repeat procedure for right breast.
    • Repeat procedure lying down.
  • 22. Why attend to breast health?
    • The better you know your breasts, the earlier you may pick up changes.
    • Often easier to treat when cancer is small.
    • Early detection usually means more options available for successful treatment and increase in survival.
  • 23. What next...
    • Get to know your breasts and what’s normal for you.
    • If you notice breast changes or find a lump – make an appointment with your GP, even if recent screening tests were normal.
    • If in doubt – get it checked!
  • 24. Helping a Friend
    • Deal with your own feelings first
    • Be available to listen
    • Let her talk about anything
    • Cry and laugh with her
    • Don’t worry that you won’t always know what to say
    • Respect there will be times when she doesn’t want to talk
  • 25. Helping a Friend (cont..)
    • Offer to help – practical ways
    • Phone her / text her
    • Visit – but call first
    • Stay in touch throughout her journey – letters, cards, emails
    • Help her to have some fun by doing ‘normal’ things – coffee, walk, movie, dinner
  • 26. Things That Won’t Help
    • Don’t tell her any horror stories about other people
    • Don’t tell her about the latest cure / treatment you’ve heard
    • Don’t burden her with your own fears and worries
    • Don’t tell her what to do
    • Don’t give up on her

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