WHAT IS MULTI-TRACK DIPLOMACY?Dr. Oyewole O. Sarumi
CONTENT What is Multi-Track Diplomacy History Of Multi-track Diplomacy Invention Of Multi-track Diplomacy The Coining of MTD phraseology The Multi-track Diplomacy Expansion The Multi-track Diplomacy Design Nine Tracks In The Multi-Track System
DEFINITION OF MTD Multi-Track Diplomacy is a conceptual way toview the process of international peacemaking as aliving system. It looks at the web of interconnectedactivities, individuals, institutions, and communitiesthat operate together for a common goal: a world atpeace.
HISTORY OF MULTI-TRACKDIPLOMACY Multi-Track Diplomacy is an expansion of the “TrackOne, Track Two” paradigm that has defined theconflict resolution field during the last decade. Track One Diplomacy is official government diplomacywhereby communication and interaction is betweengovernments. Track Two Diplomacy is the unofficial interactionand intervention of non-state actors.
INVENTION OF MULTI-TRACKDIPLOMACY The multi-track system originated due tothe inefficiency of pure government mediation.Moreover, increases in intrastate conflict(conflictswithin a state) in the 1990s confirmed that “TrackOne Diplomacy” was not an effective method forsecuring international cooperation or resolvingconflicts.
Rather, there needed to be a more interpersonalapproach in addition to government mediation. For thatreason, former diplomat Joseph Montville invented“Track Two Diplomacy” in order to incorporate citizenswith diversity and skills into the mediation process.
DR. LOUISE DIAMOND COINED THE PHRASE“MULTI-TRACK DIPLOMACY,” Dr. Louise Diamond, co-founder ofIMTD, recognized that lumping all track-twoactivities under one label did not capture thecomplexity or breadth of unofficial diplomacy. She coined the phrase “multi-track diplomacy,” inorder to incorporate all aspects of mediation fromthe ground-level work of private citizens to the top-level meetings of state heads.
MULTI-TRACK DIPLOMACY UTILIZES ALL LEVELS OFSOCIETY IN ORDER TO DETERMINE THE NEEDS ANDFACILITATE COMMUNICATION BETWEEN ALL LEVELSOF SOCIETY.
Ambassador John McDonald added further “tracks”by expanding Track Two Diplomacy into fourseparate tracks: conflict resolution professionals,business, private citizens, and the media.
MTD EXPANSION Dr. Diamond and Ambassador McDonald (1991)expanded the number of tracks to nine. They addedfour new tracks:Religion,Activism,Research, Training, & EducationPhilanthropy.
Tracks two through nine help prepare anenvironment that will welcome positive changecarried out by track-one or government. At the same time, they can make sure thatgovernment decisions are carried out andimplemented properly. This cross-fertilization of the official and non-government sectors of the society allows change tohappen.
MULTI-TRACK DESIGN Dr. Diamond and Ambassador McDonaldreorganized the relationship between the varioustracks by redesigning the diagram and placed thetracks in an interconnected circle. Hence, no one track is more important than theother, and no one track is independent from theothers. Each track has its own resources, values, andapproaches, but since they are all linked, they canoperate more powerfully when they arecoordinated.
Each track operates together as a system. Thus,IMTD’s systems-based approach to conflictresolution. IMTD’s utilizes its systems-based approach byrecognizing that the transformation of deep-rootedconflicts cannot be left solely to governmentalentities, but must be expanded to include: Non-governmental Actors,Civil Society AndOther Informal Channels
By expanding the approach to peacemaking andpeace-building outside of Track One, IMTD worksto ensure a holistic, comprehensive approach toconflict transformation with a greater likelihood oflong-term, sustainable peace.
TRACK 1 Track 1 – Government, or Peacemaking throughDiplomacy. This is the world of official diplomacy,policymaking, and peacebuilding as expressedthrough formal aspects of the governmentalprocess.
TRACK 2 Track 2 – Nongovernment/Professional, orPeacemaking through Conflict Resolution. Thisis the realm of professional nongovernmental actionattempting to analyze, prevent, resolve, andmanage international conflicts by non-state actors.
TRACK 3 Track 3 – Business, or Peacemaking throughCommerce. This is the field of business and itsactual and potential effects on peacebuildingthrough the provision of economic opportunities,international friendship and understanding, informalchannels of communication, and support for otherpeacemaking activities.
TRACK 4 Track 4 – Private Citizen, or Peacemakingthrough Personal Involvement. This includes thevarious ways that individual citizens becomeinvolved in peace and development activitiesthrough citizen diplomacy, exchange programs,private voluntary organizations, nongovernmentalorganizations, and special-interest groups.
TRACK 5 Track 5 – Research, Training, and Education, orpeacemaking through Learning. This trackincludes three related worlds: Research, Training, &Education.
RESEARCH, as it is connected to universityprograms, think tanks, and special-interest researchcenters;
TRAINING programs that seek to provide training inpractitioner skills such as negotiation, mediation,conflict resolution, and third-party facilitation; and
EDUCATION, including kindergarten through PhDprograms that cover various aspects of global orcross-cultural studies, peace and world orderstudies, and conflict analysis, management, andresolution.
TRACK 6 Track 6 – Activism, or Peacemaking throughAdvocacy. This track covers the field of peace andenvironmental activism on such issues as:Disarmament,Human Rights,Social And Economic Justice,Advocacy Of Special-interest GroupsRegarding Specific GovernmentalPolicies.
TRACK 7 Track 7 – Religion, or Peacemaking throughFaith in action. This examines the beliefs andpeace-oriented actions of spiritual and religiouscommunities and such morality-based movementsas:Pacifism,Sanctuary, andNonviolence.
TRACK 8 Track 8 – Funding, or Peacemaking throughProviding Resources. This refers to the fundingcommunity-Those foundations andIndividual philanthropistsAll provides the financial support for many of theactivities undertaken by the other tracks.
TRACK 9 Track 9- Communications and the Media, orPeacemaking through Information. This is the realmof the voice of the people: how public opinion getsshaped and expressed by the:Media-print,Film,Video,Radio,Electronic Systems,The Arts.
REFERENCES USED This material is taken from the introduction to thebook, “Multi-Track Diplomacy: A Systems Approachto Peace”, by Dr. Louise Diamond and AmbassadorJohn McDonald, Kumarian Press, 1996. http://imtd.server295.com/?page_id=119
THANK YOU FOR VIEWINGPlease contact Dr. Oyewole Sarumi for furtherenquiries on this slides and related conferences email@example.com ORlivingforword@yahoo.co.uk