VEHICLE ELECTRIFICATION IN NEW YORK CITYPrepared forCouncilmember Gale A. Brewer<br />By: Richard Beadle, <br />Elizabeth ...
Agenda<br />Introduction …………………………………………..Christine Hadlow <br />Background…………………………………………………..Chandler Griffith<br />Na...
Central Policy Issue<br />What is the most effective approach for Councilmember Brewer to take in order to make New York C...
Recommendation<br />To make NYC an EV friendly city, we recommend a Partnership approach that emphasizes:<br /><ul><li>	Co...
	Public/Private Partnerships
	Technology Standards</li></li></ul><li>Methodology<br /><ul><li>	Best Practices/Case Studies
	Outreach/Interviews
	Strategies/Analysis
	Recommendation </li></li></ul><li>Assumptions<br /><ul><li>EVs hold significant public interest as part of the electricit...
Elements of our strategies will most likely be developed by other city agencies as EV adoption progresses
Changes in Federal and State legislation will allow for more municipal emission regulation</li></li></ul><li>Agenda<br />I...
The Wheels of EVs are Only Powered by an Electric Motor<br />Extended Rage<br />(300 mi range) <br />Electric City<br />(4...
EVs Are Inherently Different From Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) Vehicles<br />Source: hybridcars.com<br />
Benefits of EVs Over ICEs<br /> Economic Benefits<br /><ul><li>	EVs have potential to add 1.9 	million U.S. jobs by 2030
	EVs make the U.S. economy 	more resilient to oil price 	shocks
	100% conversion reduces U.S. 	oil consumption by 75%
	Supports grid efficiency  </li></ul>Environmental Benefits<br /> <br /><ul><li>	Reduce overall carbon 	emissions by up to...
	Lower fuel costs by about 	80%
	Potential for increased 	renewable energy use</li></ul> <br />Sources: Economic Impact of the Electrification Roadmap, El...
Nearly All NYC’s Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Are From Transportation and Buildings<br />Source: Inventory of New York C...
EVs will be an integral part of the Smart Grid<br /> <br />Source: ConEd.com<br />
 The NYC Energy Ecosystem Will Be More Efficient and “Smart” by the Year 2030  <br />Source: C. Griffith<br />
Agenda<br />Introduction …………………………………………………Christine Hadlow <br />Background…………………………………………………..Chandler Griffith<br />N...
 Nature of the Problem<br /><ul><li>Unique Car Culture
Lack of Charging Infrastructure
Inefficient Energy Grid
Lack of Supportive Legislation</li></li></ul><li>Federal Legislation is a Barrier to EV Adoption<br /><ul><li>Mayor Bloomb...
Metropolitan Taxicab Board of Trade v. City of New York, No. 08 Civ. 7837, (S.D.N.Y. Oct. 31, 2008)
Green Taxi Act Will Remove This Barrier
Part of S.1733 Clean Energy Jobs and American Power Act , Introduced 10/2009
Serrano Bill Could be Catalyst for Fleet EV Conversion</li></li></ul><li>Varied Car Ownership Levels Require Borough-Speci...
Varied Charging Methods AddressVaried Vehicle Use & Parking <br />
Unassigned Parking Requires Creative Charging Solutions<br />23% <br />54% <br />46% <br />77% <br />Source: EV Adoption S...
EV Adoption and Smart Grid Development Should be Coordinated<br />Potential Impact of EV Adoption on NYC Grid<br />Source:...
As an EV-Friendly City, NYC Would:<br /><ul><li>	Support EV Adoption With Legislation
	Encourage Transition to EVs From ICEs
	Ensure Electric Grid Efficiency & Reliability
	Provide Equitable Access to EV Charging 	Infrastructure
	Be Home to a Competitive EV Market</li></li></ul><li>Measures of Evaluation<br />
Agenda<br />Introduction …………………………………………………Christine Hadlow <br />Background…………………………………………………..Chandler Griffith<br />N...
PresentThe Current Status of EVs in NYC<br />Supportive Measures<br /><ul><li>	PlaNYC 2030
	ConEd Smart Grid Pilot Program in Queens
	TLC Taxis of Tomorrow initiative
	SCOUT and Parks Dept. using 10 Mini-e vehicles
	TLC Hybrid Incentive Plan</li></ul>Continued Problems<br /><ul><li>	Congestion pricing lost - No other mechanism to incen...
	Sales tax waiver legislation for hybrids and EVs stalled (Lanza Bill)</li></li></ul><li>PresentThe Current Status of EVs ...
	City action limited by Federal legislation
	No stakeholder coordination </li></li></ul><li>Potential Strategies For Promoting EV Use<br /><ul><li>Policy
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Policy Lab: Vehicle Electrification in NYC

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Students seeking an MS degree in Urban Policy Analysis and Management are required to take "Laboratory in Issue Analysis".

This course is an applied policy-analysis experience in which students work together in teams of four or five to resolve a policy issue for a public or nonprofit decision-maker, in this case, a report issued to Councilwoman Gale Brewer.

Learn more here: http://www.newschool.edu/milano/subpage.aspx?id=19652

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  • Introduction Christine Hadlow Background&amp; Chandler GriffithNature of the Problem &amp; Criteria Liz FreidrichAlternatives Richard BeadleAnalysis and Recommendation Christine Hadlow
  • not simply as a private transportation option, but as part of the electricity infrastructure. and, so, with a signficant public interest” – On assumptions:“A wave of change is inevitable [describe in a few words]. The alternatives all seek to amplify this wave”“EVs should be conceived of not simply as a private transportation option, but as part of the electricity infrastructure and, so, with a signficant public interest” – Assuming that ConEd
  • Introduction Christine Hadlow Background&amp; Chandler GriffithNature of the Problem &amp; Criteria Liz FreidrichAlternatives Richard BeadleAnalysis and Recommendation Christine Hadlow
  • From here out, EV = plug inElectric city- 40-60EV fueling is inherently different from Internal Combustion Engines (ICEs)
  • From here out, EV = plug inEV fueling is inherently different from Internal Combustion Engines (ICEs)
  • $25 to $180 billion annually. These costs could soar if outages or disturbances become more frequent or longer in duration.
  • NYC’s Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Are Predominantly From Transportation and Electricity
  • Improving the nations grid efficiency by 5% is equivalent to take 53 million cars off the road (source:USDOE)Con Edison has recieved $181 million in stimulus funds for regional Smart Grid developmentThe “information economy” requires a reliable, secure, and affordable electric system to grow and prosper. Unless substantial amounts of capital are invested over the next several decades in new generation, transmission, and distribution facilities, service quality will degrade and costs will go up.Information technologies (IT) have already revolutionized telecommunications, banking, and certain manufacturing industries. Similarly, the electric power system represents an enormous market for the application of IT to automate various functions such as meter reading, billing, transmission and distribution operations, outage restoration, pricing, and status reporting.
  • Grid 2030 is a fully automated power delivery network that monitors and controls every customer and node, ensuring a two-way flow of electricity and information between the power plant and the appliance, and all points in between. Its distributed intelligence, coupled with broadband communications and automated control systems, enables real-time market transactions and seamless interfaces among people, buildings, industrial plants, generation facilities, and the electric network.A national electricity “backbone” à Regional interconnections, whichinclude Canada and Mexicoà Local distribution, mini- and micro- grids providing services to customers and obtaining services from generation resources anywhere on the continent
  • Introduction Christine Hadlow Background&amp; Chandler GriffithNature of the Problem &amp; Criteria Liz FreidrichAlternatives Richard BeadleAnalysis and Recommendation Christine Hadlow
  • L = homeR = streetTop = Taxi SwapBottom = Public garageVaried Charging Methods Address Specific Vehicle Use &amp; Parking
  • Encourage switching from ICE to EV, not new driversPromote public and private collaboration to learn from one another and advance more quickly and efficiently Ensure electric grid efficiency and reliabilityProvide equitable access to the EV charging infrastructurePromote the development of local EV related market
  • Contribution to collaborative and standardized adoptionThis criteria measures the extent to which the alternative will contribute to universal standards for equipment, infrastructure access, and building codes.Effect on grid efficiency and stabilityThis criteria measures the effect of the alternative on the electrical grid in terms of efficiency and stability.Improved equitable access to chargingMeasures extent alternative is equitably distributed to citizens with various needsPotential local economic benefitMeasures the potential of the alternative to have positive local economic benefitPolitical feasibility Measures the practicality of our proposition
  • Introduction Christine Hadlow Background&amp; Chandler GriffithNature of the Problem &amp; Criteria Liz FreidrichAlternatives Richard BeadleAnalysis and Recommendation Christine Hadlow
  • Appears promising, but is uncoordinatedReady or not, EVs are coming…Absent congestion pricing, there is no mechanism to provide preferential pricing for fuel-effi cient,low-emission vehicles. However, the City has supported national legislation to improve vehicle fueleconomy and California’s efforts to adopt greenhouse gas standards for vehicles.Air quality progress report2007•    Mayor Bloomberg announces PlaNYC 2030•    The Metropolitan Transit Authority – New York City Transit (MTA - NYCT) participated in the  Clean-Fueled Bus Program2009•    BMW lends NYC 10 MINI E cars for use by Street Conditions Observation Unit (SCOUT) and the Parks Department.  Department of Sanitation will use 2 new hybrid electric-diesel collection trucks  •    Representative Nadler introduces and Senator Gillibrand supports the Green Taxis Act of 2009•    ConEd launches “Smart Grid” pilot program in Queens2010•    Taxi &amp; Limousine Commission (TLC) launches Taxis of Tomorrow initiative•    Th!nk ranked New York City as third most EV-ready city in the U.S.
  • Absent congestion pricing, there is no mechanism to provide preferential pricing for fuel-effi cient,low-emission vehicles. However, the City has supported national legislation to improve vehicle fueleconomy and California’s efforts to adopt greenhouse gas standards for vehicles.Air quality progress reportMini-e program is not establishing EV infrastructure, publicity for NYC and Mini2007•    Mayor Bloomberg announces PlaNYC 2030•    The Metropolitan Transit Authority – New York City Transit (MTA - NYCT) participated in the  Clean-Fueled Bus Program2009•    BMW lends NYC 10 MINI E cars for use by Street Conditions Observation Unit (SCOUT) and the Parks Department.  Department of Sanitation will use 2 new hybrid electric-diesel collection trucks  •    Representative Nadler introduces and Senator Gillibrand supports the Green Taxis Act of 2009•    ConEd launches “Smart Grid” pilot program in Queens2010•    Taxi &amp; Limousine Commission (TLC) launches Taxis of Tomorrow initiative•    Th!nk ranked New York City as third most EV-ready city in the U.S.
  • Policy SolutionsIncentives , mandates, and preferential treatment programs encourage adoption of EVs Addresses economic and infrastructure barriersInvestmentGovernment spurs market development through Car and Infrastructure investment as well as providing education resourcesAddresses infrastructure and minimal market level barriersCoalition Building / Corporate PartnershipsCorporate partnerships and technology standards encouraged and supported through city governmentAddresses lack of standards and unproven technology barriersNoP:Charging is complicatedLack of supportive legislationUpfront Costs and long term benefits Lack of charging infrastructureInefficient energy gridAn EV friendly city has:-efficient grid-equitable and accessible charging-healthy supply and demand with competitive pricing-cross sector support in the form of public and private collaboration 
  • Mandates have failed – CA, NY, and MA all had requirements for EV sales in 1990’s as % of total car sales – all were relaxedIncentives encourage non-drivers to become drivers
  • 437 city fleet Light Duty Vehicles (LDVs) purchased in FY091,000 EVs in 5 years = 45% of LDV purchasesLondon at 659 sq. miles is 3.8 charge points / sq. mileNYC would require 1,157Free technology, installation, general info workshops for individuals and fleet managers
  • 437 city fleet Light Duty Vehicles (LDVs) purchased in FY091,000 EVs in 5 years = 45% of LDV purchasesLondon at 659 sq. miles is 3.8 charge points / sq. mileNYC would require 1,157Free technology, installation, general info workshops for individuals and fleet managers
  • Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure Promotion - Bay Area9 point plan to simply regulations standards and permittingMayors of San Francisco, San Jose, and Oakland will follow a policy plan to develop and expand the infrastructure needed to promote the use of EVs. Policy steps include: expediting the permit and installation processes for charging outlets; providing incentives for employers and other organizations who install charging infrastructure at the workplace and other parking facilities; developing standard regulations governing EV infrastructure across the region; and establishing programs to purchase EVs for use by city and state employees. The mayors will work with other cities in the Bay Area as well as regional government organizations and private sector partners.Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging RequirementsNew EVs and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) must be equipped with a conductive charger inlet port that meets the specifications contained in Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) standard J1772. EVs and PHEVs must be equipped with an on-board charger with a minimum output of 3.3 kilovolt amps. These requirements do not apply to EVs and PHEVs that are only capable of Level 1 charging, a charging method that allows a vehicle to be charged by having its charger connected to the most common grounded receptacle. (Reference California Code of Regulations Title 13, Section 1962.2)
  • Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Infrastructure Promotion - Bay Area9 point plan to simply regulations standards and permittingMayors of San Francisco, San Jose, and Oakland will follow a policy plan to develop and expand the infrastructure needed to promote the use of EVs. Policy steps include: expediting the permit and installation processes for charging outlets; providing incentives for employers and other organizations who install charging infrastructure at the workplace and other parking facilities; developing standard regulations governing EV infrastructure across the region; and establishing programs to purchase EVs for use by city and state employees. The mayors will work with other cities in the Bay Area as well as regional government organizations and private sector partners.Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging RequirementsNew EVs and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) must be equipped with a conductive charger inlet port that meets the specifications contained in Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) standard J1772. EVs and PHEVs must be equipped with an on-board charger with a minimum output of 3.3 kilovolt amps. These requirements do not apply to EVs and PHEVs that are only capable of Level 1 charging, a charging method that allows a vehicle to be charged by having its charger connected to the most common grounded receptacle. (Reference California Code of Regulations Title 13, Section 1962.2)
  • Public Investment in fleet and infrastructure as supporting standardization by establishing one
  • Introduction Christine Hadlow Background&amp; Chandler GriffithNature of the Problem &amp; Criteria Liz FreidrichAlternatives Richard BeadleAnalysis and Recommendation Christine Hadlow
  •  Propose legislation to mandate that a certain percentage of city fleets are at least partially powered by electricity over a designated period of time (e.g., 25% of city fleet converted to EV in 5 years)•    Propose the City hold an EV Summit in an effort to build a coalition of main stakeholders•    Start a EV public education campaign to debunk common misconceptions on EVs
  • Improving the nations grid efficiency by 5% is equivalent to take 53 million cars off the road (source:USDOE)Con Edison has recieved $181 million in stimulus funds for regional Smart Grid development
  • Policy Lab: Vehicle Electrification in NYC

    1. 1. VEHICLE ELECTRIFICATION IN NEW YORK CITYPrepared forCouncilmember Gale A. Brewer<br />By: Richard Beadle, <br />Elizabeth Friedrich, <br />Chandler Griffith, & <br />Christine Hadlow<br />
    2. 2. Agenda<br />Introduction …………………………………………..Christine Hadlow <br />Background…………………………………………………..Chandler Griffith<br />Nature of the Problem & Criteria……………………………..Liz Friedrich<br />Alternatives……………………………………………………..Richard Beadle<br />Final Analysis & Recommendation ………….………..Christine Hadlow<br />
    3. 3. Central Policy Issue<br />What is the most effective approach for Councilmember Brewer to take in order to make New York City (NYC) a world-class electric vehicle (EV) friendly city?<br />
    4. 4. Recommendation<br />To make NYC an EV friendly city, we recommend a Partnership approach that emphasizes:<br /><ul><li> Coalition Building
    5. 5. Public/Private Partnerships
    6. 6. Technology Standards</li></li></ul><li>Methodology<br /><ul><li> Best Practices/Case Studies
    7. 7. Outreach/Interviews
    8. 8. Strategies/Analysis
    9. 9. Recommendation </li></li></ul><li>Assumptions<br /><ul><li>EVs hold significant public interest as part of the electricity infrastructure
    10. 10. Elements of our strategies will most likely be developed by other city agencies as EV adoption progresses
    11. 11. Changes in Federal and State legislation will allow for more municipal emission regulation</li></li></ul><li>Agenda<br />Introduction …………………………………………………Christine Hadlow <br />Background……………………………………………Chandler Griffith<br />Nature of the Problem & Criteria……………………………..Liz Freidrich<br />Alternatives……………………………………………………..Richard Beadle<br />Final Analysis & Recommendation ………….………..Christine Hadlow<br />
    12. 12. The Wheels of EVs are Only Powered by an Electric Motor<br />Extended Rage<br />(300 mi range) <br />Electric City<br />(40 mi-60 mi range) <br />Full Range<br />(100 mi-150 mi range) <br />Source: hybridcars.com<br />
    13. 13. EVs Are Inherently Different From Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) Vehicles<br />Source: hybridcars.com<br />
    14. 14. Benefits of EVs Over ICEs<br /> Economic Benefits<br /><ul><li> EVs have potential to add 1.9 million U.S. jobs by 2030
    15. 15. EVs make the U.S. economy more resilient to oil price shocks
    16. 16. 100% conversion reduces U.S. oil consumption by 75%
    17. 17. Supports grid efficiency  </li></ul>Environmental Benefits<br /> <br /><ul><li> Reduce overall carbon emissions by up to 70% ( 100% if charged from renewable source)
    18. 18. Lower fuel costs by about 80%
    19. 19. Potential for increased renewable energy use</li></ul> <br />Sources: Economic Impact of the Electrification Roadmap, Electrification Coalition:2010, Press Release, Senator Gillibrand: 2010<br />
    20. 20. Nearly All NYC’s Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Are From Transportation and Buildings<br />Source: Inventory of New York City Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Mayor’s Office: 2009 <br />
    21. 21. EVs will be an integral part of the Smart Grid<br /> <br />Source: ConEd.com<br />
    22. 22.  The NYC Energy Ecosystem Will Be More Efficient and “Smart” by the Year 2030  <br />Source: C. Griffith<br />
    23. 23. Agenda<br />Introduction …………………………………………………Christine Hadlow <br />Background…………………………………………………..Chandler Griffith<br />Nature of the Problem & Criteria………………………Liz Freidrich<br />Alternatives……………………………………………………..Richard Beadle<br />Final Analysis & Recommendation ………….………..Christine Hadlow<br />
    24. 24. Nature of the Problem<br /><ul><li>Unique Car Culture
    25. 25. Lack of Charging Infrastructure
    26. 26. Inefficient Energy Grid
    27. 27. Lack of Supportive Legislation</li></li></ul><li>Federal Legislation is a Barrier to EV Adoption<br /><ul><li>Mayor Bloomberg is Unable to Regulate Taxi Emissions
    28. 28. Metropolitan Taxicab Board of Trade v. City of New York, No. 08 Civ. 7837, (S.D.N.Y. Oct. 31, 2008)
    29. 29. Green Taxi Act Will Remove This Barrier
    30. 30. Part of S.1733 Clean Energy Jobs and American Power Act , Introduced 10/2009
    31. 31. Serrano Bill Could be Catalyst for Fleet EV Conversion</li></li></ul><li>Varied Car Ownership Levels Require Borough-Specific Solutions<br />NYC Households Car Ownership Level by Borough <br />Source: EV Adoption Study, NYC Mayor’s Office, 2010<br />
    32. 32. Varied Charging Methods AddressVaried Vehicle Use & Parking <br />
    33. 33. Unassigned Parking Requires Creative Charging Solutions<br />23% <br />54% <br />46% <br />77% <br />Source: EV Adoption Study, NYC Mayor’s Office, 2010<br />
    34. 34. EV Adoption and Smart Grid Development Should be Coordinated<br />Potential Impact of EV Adoption on NYC Grid<br />Source: ConEd Analysis, NYC EV Adoption Survey, 2009<br />
    35. 35. As an EV-Friendly City, NYC Would:<br /><ul><li> Support EV Adoption With Legislation
    36. 36. Encourage Transition to EVs From ICEs
    37. 37. Ensure Electric Grid Efficiency & Reliability
    38. 38. Provide Equitable Access to EV Charging Infrastructure
    39. 39. Be Home to a Competitive EV Market</li></li></ul><li>Measures of Evaluation<br />
    40. 40. Agenda<br />Introduction …………………………………………………Christine Hadlow <br />Background…………………………………………………..Chandler Griffith<br />Nature of the Problem & Criteria……………………………..Liz Freidrich<br />Alternatives………………………………………………Richard Beadle<br />Final Analysis & Recommendation ………….………..Christine Hadlow<br />
    41. 41. PresentThe Current Status of EVs in NYC<br />Supportive Measures<br /><ul><li> PlaNYC 2030
    42. 42. ConEd Smart Grid Pilot Program in Queens
    43. 43. TLC Taxis of Tomorrow initiative
    44. 44. SCOUT and Parks Dept. using 10 Mini-e vehicles
    45. 45. TLC Hybrid Incentive Plan</li></ul>Continued Problems<br /><ul><li> Congestion pricing lost - No other mechanism to incentivize EVs
    46. 46. Sales tax waiver legislation for hybrids and EVs stalled (Lanza Bill)</li></li></ul><li>PresentThe Current Status of EVs in NYC<br /><ul><li> Current EV programs are not long-term solutions (Mini-e)
    47. 47. City action limited by Federal legislation
    48. 48. No stakeholder coordination </li></li></ul><li>Potential Strategies For Promoting EV Use<br /><ul><li>Policy
    49. 49. Incentives , Mandates, and Preferential Treatment programs
    50. 50. Purchasing
    51. 51. Vehicle, infrastructure, and Information investments
    52. 52. Partnerships
    53. 53. Public/Private Partnerships, Technology Standards, and Information Sharing among firms encouraged and supported</li></li></ul><li>PolicyIncentives / Mandates / Preferential Treatment<br />Best Practice Examples<br />Incentives<br /><ul><li> London- Congestion Charge elimination = £1700/year, Subsidized parking
    54. 54. California - $5,000 / $20,000 rebate for new EV purchase </li></ul>Mandates<br /><ul><li> California– 150,000 mile warranty requirement</li></ul>Preferential Treatment<br /><ul><li> Dallas- Passenger pickup preference
    55. 55. San Francisco – HOV lane exemption</li></li></ul><li>PolicyIncentives / Mandates / Preferential Treatment<br /> New York City<br /><ul><li> Parking meter exemption
    56. 56. $2,000 tax credit/ new EV purchase
    57. 57. EV commercial delivery fleet parking ticket forgiveness
    58. 58. New parking garages 10% EV charging requirement
    59. 59. EV Taxi line cutting at all taxi stands</li></ul>Best Practice Examples<br />Incentives<br /><ul><li> London- Congestion Charge elimination = £1700/year, Subsidized parking
    60. 60. California - $5,000 / $20,000 rebate for new EV purchase </li></ul>Mandates<br /><ul><li> California– 150,000 mile warranty requirement</li></ul>Preferential Treatment<br /><ul><li> Dallas – Passenger pickup preference
    61. 61. San Francisco – HOV lane exemption</li></li></ul><li>PolicyIncentives / Mandates / Preferential Treatment<br /><ul><li> Incentives encourage non-drivers to become drivers
    62. 62. Federal barriers to policy attempts still exist</li></li></ul><li>Purchasing<br />Vehicle, Infrastructure, and Information Investments <br />Best Practice Examples<br />Vehicle investment<br /><ul><li> London - 1,000 EVs in GLA fleet by 2015</li></ul>Infrastructure Investment<br /><ul><li> London – 2,500 public charge points by 2015 – equitably distributed, </li></ul>Information Technology Investment<br /><ul><li> California – EV Infrastructure Evaluation
    63. 63. Israel – Better Place Software Diagnostics</li></li></ul><li>Purchasing<br />Vehicle, Infrastructure, and Information Investments <br /> New York City<br /><ul><li> 1,000 EVs in 5 years</li></ul>= 45% of LDV purchases <br /><ul><li> 1,200 charge points in 5 years</li></ul>~3.8 charge points/ sq. mile<br /><ul><li>EV infrastructure and city fleet evaluation</li></ul>Best Practice Examples<br />Vehicle investment<br /><ul><li> London - 1,000 EVs in GLA fleet by 2015</li></ul>Infrastructure Investment<br /><ul><li> London – 2,500 public charge points by 2015– equitably distributed, </li></ul>Information Technology Investment<br /><ul><li> California – EV Infrastructure Evaluation
    64. 64. Israel – Better Place Software Diagnostics</li></li></ul><li>Purchasing<br />Vehicle, Infrastructure, and Information Investments <br /><ul><li>Public charging spots are low-cost and high-impact
    65. 65. Without coordinated grid improvements purchase programs are unsustainable
    66. 66. Mayor’s Office not supportive</li></li></ul><li> PartnershipsPublic-Private Partnerships / Technology Standards / Coalition Building<br />Best Practice Examples<br />Coalition Building<br /><ul><li>London - London EV Partnership, Electric 10, C40 EV Network </li></ul>Technology Standards<br /><ul><li>San Francisco - EV Charging Infrastructure Promotion Program</li></ul>Public/Private Partnership<br /><ul><li>Tel Aviv – Better Place Home/Workplace charging
    67. 67. Tokyo – Better Place taxi battery swap</li></li></ul><li> PartnershipsPublic-Private Partnerships / Technology Standards / Coalition Building<br />Best Practice Examples<br />Coalition Building<br /><ul><li>London - London EV Partnership, Electric 10, C40 EV Network </li></ul>Technology Standards<br /><ul><li>San Francisco - EV Charging Infrastructure Promotion Program</li></ul>Public/Private Partnership<br /><ul><li>Tel Aviv – Better Place Home/Workplace charging
    68. 68. Tokyo – Better Place taxi battery swap</li></ul> New York City<br /><ul><li>Annual EV Summit – Encourage collaboration between companies with large fleets
    69. 69. Develop regional standards partnership for charging equipment and building codes
    70. 70. Columbus Circle taxi battery swap station
    71. 71. ConEd Patterns of Use Pricing Agreement</li></li></ul><li> PartnershipsPublic-Private Partnerships / Technology Standards / Coalition Building<br /><ul><li>Allows City oversight of private investment</li></li></ul><li>Agenda<br />Introduction …………………………………………………Christine Hadlow <br />Background…………………………………………………..Chandler Griffith<br />Nature of the Problem & Criteria……………………………..Liz Freidrich<br />Alternatives……………………………………………………..Richard Beadle<br />Final Analysis & Recommendation ………….…..Christine Hadlow<br />
    72. 72. Analysis<br />
    73. 73. Recommendation<br />To make NYC an EV friendly city, we recommend a Partnership approach that emphasizes:<br /><ul><li> Private Sector Coalition Building
    74. 74. Public/Private Partnerships
    75. 75. Technology Standards</li></li></ul><li>As a Councilmember, We Recommend You Support:<br /><ul><li> Legislation that defines charging infrastructure and building code standards
    76. 76. Budget allotmentsfor an annual EV Summit and EV program partnerships
    77. 77. Land use appropriationsfor Taxi fleet-specific EV partnerships
    78. 78. Oversight of agenciesto identify most efficient EV use in city fleets</li></li></ul><li>Thank You!<br />
    79. 79. POTENTIAL<br />SLIDES<br />
    80. 80. In 2009 Obama awarded $2.4 billion for EV's and battery manufacturing<br />Bannon's decision to locate their operation in Syracuse could result in an initial investment of approximately $40 million into the Upstate New York economy, with the potential to reach $50 to $75 million over the next five years.<br />
    81. 81. A majority of New Yorkers still commute at least partially by car<br />
    82. 82. EV's promote domestic Job Growth<br />
    83. 83. EV’s are an integral part of future Smart Grid plans <br /> <br />
    84. 84.
    85. 85.  Serrano Bill (e-drive bill) paves the way for fleet conversion ?????? <br />- HR4339 would award $2.4 billion to electrify the U.S. postal fleet  <br />-  Jump starts local manufacturing and promotes competitive pricing  <br /> <br />- Lays the foundation for smart grid infrastructure <br /> <br />Source: Chandler<br />
    86. 86. Unassigned Parking requires creative charging solutions<br />Source: EV adoption Study, NYC mayors office, 2010<br />

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