Violating Copyright can be expensiveNot less than $750 or more than 30,000If it is proven it was a willfully committed act damages of not more than 150,000
Everything is Copyrightable
Everything is Copyrightable
Copyright lasts Life + 70 Years
Copyright fair use kilgallon
Image: “FBI Anti- Piracy Warning”Screen Shot By KilgallonHave you seen this?
•I will be able to define copyright.•I will understand and apply fairuse using critical thinking toevaluate and create originalwork.Learning Goals
What is copyright? Fuzzy about copyright?Image:“copyright license choice”By: flicker user opensourcewaywith CC license attribution-sharealikeThe legal right to be theonly one to reproduce,publish, or sell the contentsand form of a literary,musical, or artistic workMerriam-Webster online student dictionary (2007)
What is good about Copyright?Image: “Scales of Justice - Frankfurt Version”By” flickr user mikecoghCC license Attribution-ShareAlike• Protects the rights ofcreators and their work• Provides motivation forpeople to create• These protections canpromote advances
What is bad about copyright?• Almost everything iscopyrightable• Technological advanceshave limited and changedcopyright protection• Could also preventexpansion of ideas• Could stifle creativity• Legal costs to defendoneself – Law Suits• DisneyImage: “Locks”By” flickr user Trevor BlakeCC license;Attribution-ShareAlike
Ability to use copyrightedworks without permission orpaymentImage: “Mona Lisa Caricature”By: flickr user DonkeyHoleyCC license attribution-sharealikeWhat is Fair Use?Center for Social Media. (2013). Code of best practices in fair use for media literacyeducation. Retrieved from http://www.centerforsocialmedia.org/fair-use/related-materials/codes/code-best-practices-fair-use-media-literacy-education
Image: “Alcatraz - Exercise Yard Exit Door Sailing Away”By: flickr user David Paul OhmerCC license Attribution•Promotes more creative work•Facilitates education in everysector• It has been an important part ofcopyright law for more than 170years•It is a right, not a mere privilege•Supreme Court asserts that fairuse keeps copyright fromviolating the First AmendmentWhat is good about fair use?Center for Social Media. (2013). Code of best practices in fair use for media literacyeducation. Retrieved from http://www.centerforsocialmedia.org/fair-use/related-materials/codes/code-best-practices-fair-use-media-literacy-education
Image: “Day 222 (Or is this Day 1 now?) - Oops!”By: flickr user ktpuppCC license Attribution-SNonCommercial• Lack of understandingleads to underuse• Misuse of Fair Useleads to legal battles•Misuse of Fair Useleads to more CopyrightrestrictionsWhat is bad about fair use?
Judges ask thesetwo questions1. Did the unlicensed use“transform” thematerial by using it fora different purpose, ordid it just repeat thework for the samevalue as the original?2. Was the material usedin kind and amount,considering the natureof the copyrightedwork and the useImage: “Gravel”By: flickr user walknbostonCC license AttributionCenter for Social Media. (2013). Code of best practices in fair use for media literacyeducation. Retrieved from http://www.centerforsocialmedia.org/fair-use/related-materials/codes/code-best-practices-fair-use-media-literacy-education
1. Transformation and PurposePurpose•commenting on or critiquing•Illustration or example•launching a discussionTransformation•recombine elements to make a newwork•mashup, remixes, new expression,subtitles, images, sound effects oranimationDid I transform or just copy it?Image: “20090119 - Clint - Obamicon - using AEs funny face toend all funny faces pic”By: flickr user Rev Xanatos Satnicos Bombasticos (Clint/CL)CC license Attribution-NonCommercial_SahreAlike
2. Amount•song used in its entirety•content reproduced in amountsdisproportionate to your purpose•The use satisfies the audience’staste for the work. The new workreplaces the original work.•Not derivative - a new, originalproduct that includes aspects of apreexisting, already copyrightedworkImage: “Gravel”By: flickr user stu_spivackCC license Attribution_ShareAlike
Is this fair useIf I’m not making any money off it, it’s fair use.videoImage: “copyright”Screen Shot by Kilgallon
# 1 Thing you can doto help with fair use…..Give the artist credit
Your Creative Work»Edit one of the pictures to create a work»Justify your fair use• Transformation• Purpose»You work will be placed on Mr. ___Edmodo page
ExamplesI used fair usebased ontransformation.I recombineelementsto make a newwork.“Life of Pi”movie was moreentertainingthan the book.I did not changethe image but itis fair use basedon the purposeof commentingon the movie vs.the book.Danica Patrickillustrates thatwoman are stillworking tochanging stereotypes.I did not changethe image but itis fair use basedon the purposeof using theimage as anillustration.Do you thinkPopes should beable to resign?I did not changethe image but itis fair use basedon the purposeof launching adiscussion.Image: “Mona Lisa Caricature”By: flickr user DonkeyHoleyCC license attribution-sharealikeMartel , Yann. (Director). Life ofPi. (2003). [Motion picture] .Downey, Mike. (2013). Specialto CNN.Vincenzo Pinto/GettyImages. (n.d.)
ReferencesCenter for Social Media. (2013). Code of best practices in fair use for media literacy education. Retrieved fromhttp://www.centerforsocialmedia.org/fair-use/related-materials/codes/code-best-practices-fair-use-media-literacy-educationEdenza. (2007). Let’s go crazy. Retrieved fromhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N1KfJHFWlhQ&list=PLlTmk2x8pqRR2Q_PslsSLeO7RLWyb1dnmJudsonlaippy. (2006). Evolution of dance – by judsonlaipply. Retrieved fromhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dMH0bHeiRNg&list=PLlTmk2x8pqRR2Q_PslsSLeO7RLWyb1dmMerriam-Webster online student dictionary. (2007). Copyright. Retrieved from http://www.wordcentral.com/cgi-bin/student?book=Student&va=copyrightPatrickBoivin. (2008). Evolution of dance. Retrieved fromhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EtGQgSY9Nn4&list=PLlTmk2x8pqRR2Q_PslsSLeO7RLWyb1dnmRebelliouspixels. (2010). Donald duck meets gleen beck in right wing radio duck. Retrieved fromhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HfuwNU0jsk0&list=PLlTmk2x8pqRR2Q_PslsSLeO7RLWyb1dnmRobobos. (2006). Shining. Retrieved fromhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sfout_rgPSA&list=PLlTmk2x8pqRR2Q_PslsSLeO7RLWyb1dnmThesacrement. (2006). Steve Irwin tribute. Retrieved fromhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QgsE9SQ1iCA&list=PLlTmk2x8pqRR2Q_PslsSLeO7RLWyb1dnmUnited States Copyright Office. (n.d.). Frequently asked questions about copyright. Retrieved fromhttp://www.copyright.gov/help/faq/
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