By Lea Kilgallon
Numb3rs20Ownership400per year90Percent2,000new wordsPatrick Higgins blog
Objective After demonstrating context clues, students determinethe meaning of selected words in the providedstatements us...
Agenda1. Brainstorming2. Group Game3. Group presentation
Inferring How to guess at word meaning
Context Clues A context clue is the information that surrounds anew word, used to understand its meaning. Inferring
What is gregarious ? “Those who enjoy belonging to clubs, going toparties, and inviting friends often to their homes ford...
What is gregarious ? “Those who enjoy belonging to clubs, going toparties, and inviting friends often to their homes ford...
What is gregarious ? “Those who enjoy belonging to clubs, going toparties, and inviting friends often to their homes ford...
Context CluesDescription - A topic, idea, person, place, or thing is described bylisting its features, characteristics, or...
What happened? Given the paucity of resources, the people were forcedto move on.
Cause:Effect: people forced tomoved on Given the paucity of resources, the people were forcedto move on.
Context CluesCause - is why something happened.Effect is what happened(Sometimes the effect is listed first.) Signal Word...
 Ben is fearless, but his brother is timorous.
Context CluesCompare and Contrast Shows how two ormore things are alike and/or how they aredifferent. Signal WordsSame, S...
 The antediluvian, or ancient, carvings told usnothing.
 The antediluvian, or ancient, carvings told usnothing.
Context CluesSynonym or Restatement A word or phrase thatmeans exactly or nearly the same as another wordor phrase Signal...
 Etymology, which is the study of the origin ofwords, finds many teachers taking the bull by its hornswhen unraveling the...
Context CluesExplanation or Definition A statement or accountthat makes something clear, Communicates ameaning Signal Wor...
Group Practice You have ______ minutes to finish the exercise First minute select one moderator – Keep the ball moving...
Directions….. Find clues to help infer the meaning of the bold word.Try to guess the meaning of the word. Circle the sig...
Context Clues: SummaryDescriptionCause and EffectCompare (antonym) or ContrastSynonyms or restatementExplanation or defini...
- There was a double spectrum in my backyard.A band of colors seen when white light is broken up according towavelength- T...
One Caveat - sometimes context can actually lead to amisunderstandingAfter Sarah won the dance contest, Cindy grudgingly ...
Increase vocabularyReading using Context Clues•Most vocabulary words are learned fromcontext.•The more words youre exposed...
Use it so you do not loose itMake AssociationsGargantuan (very large) Sentence (write word)- that involve strongemotionTh...
Context practice and ….English-Zone.Com has two simple practiceshttp://www.english-zone.com/vocab/vic01.htmlhttp://www.eng...
Vocabulary PracticeNumber2.coms online test preparationcourses are totally free! By creating anaccount you can access a cu...
Apps The artificial intelligence in the Power Vocabapp is used to learn about your vocabularyskills and habits to then pre...
CreditsClip Art from Microsoft office: http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/Images in order of appearance from flickr...
Credits Phone in a Cage, Tweeting Some rights reserved by SuziEdwards Phone Struck by Lightning Some rights reserved byd...
Credits Thisius , L. Text Structure Signal Questions & SignalWords retrieved fromessdack.org/files/Signal%20Word%20Chart....
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Context clues

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  • Picture cell phone - gregarious, used in sentence, and looked up word and pronunciation
  • Learning a words Etymology is one way to help the word become part of your vocabulary
  • A Study of 8th grades students at average and above average reading
  • Context clues

    1. 1. By Lea Kilgallon
    2. 2. Numb3rs20Ownership400per year90Percent2,000new wordsPatrick Higgins blog
    3. 3. Objective After demonstrating context clues, students determinethe meaning of selected words in the providedstatements using the context clues guide sheet 100% ofthe time.LA 910.1.6.3The student will usecontext clues todetermine meanings ofunfamiliar words
    4. 4. Agenda1. Brainstorming2. Group Game3. Group presentation
    5. 5. Inferring How to guess at word meaning
    6. 6. Context Clues A context clue is the information that surrounds anew word, used to understand its meaning. Inferring
    7. 7. What is gregarious ? “Those who enjoy belonging to clubs, going toparties, and inviting friends often to their homes fordinner are gregarious.”
    8. 8. What is gregarious ? “Those who enjoy belonging to clubs, going toparties, and inviting friends often to their homes fordinner are gregarious.”
    9. 9. What is gregarious ? “Those who enjoy belonging to clubs, going toparties, and inviting friends often to their homes fordinner are gregarious.”
    10. 10. Context CluesDescription - A topic, idea, person, place, or thing is described bylisting its features, characteristics, or Examples Signal WordsFor instanceSuch as…To begin withAn exampleTo illustrateCharacteristics - Look for the topicword to be repeated
    11. 11. What happened? Given the paucity of resources, the people were forcedto move on.
    12. 12. Cause:Effect: people forced tomoved on Given the paucity of resources, the people were forcedto move on.
    13. 13. Context CluesCause - is why something happened.Effect is what happened(Sometimes the effect is listed first.) Signal WordsSo, Because, Since, Therefore,If…then, This led to,Reason why, As a result,May be due to, Effect of,Consequently, For this reason
    14. 14.  Ben is fearless, but his brother is timorous.
    15. 15. Context CluesCompare and Contrast Shows how two ormore things are alike and/or how they aredifferent. Signal WordsSame, SimilarAlike, As well asNot only…but also, BothInstead of, Either…or, On theother hand, Different from,As opposed to
    16. 16.  The antediluvian, or ancient, carvings told usnothing.
    17. 17.  The antediluvian, or ancient, carvings told usnothing.
    18. 18. Context CluesSynonym or Restatement A word or phrase thatmeans exactly or nearly the same as another wordor phrase Signal WordsLikewise, Especially, Or, In that ,Similarly, In other words,That is, “A phrase set apartbetween commas”
    19. 19.  Etymology, which is the study of the origin ofwords, finds many teachers taking the bull by its hornswhen unraveling the mysteries of vocabulary studies.
    20. 20. Context CluesExplanation or Definition A statement or accountthat makes something clear, Communicates ameaning Signal WordsIs, are, has, Means, defined as
    21. 21. Group Practice You have ______ minutes to finish the exercise First minute select one moderator – Keep the ball moving one reporter – teach to the class Then ___ minutes to finish
    22. 22. Directions….. Find clues to help infer the meaning of the bold word.Try to guess the meaning of the word. Circle the signal word Cause and effect – circle cause and effect Circle the context clue
    23. 23. Context Clues: SummaryDescriptionCause and EffectCompare (antonym) or ContrastSynonyms or restatementExplanation or definition
    24. 24. - There was a double spectrum in my backyard.A band of colors seen when white light is broken up according towavelength- The class will cover a wide spectrum of ideasA broad range of related qualities, ideas, or activities.
    25. 25. One Caveat - sometimes context can actually lead to amisunderstandingAfter Sarah won the dance contest, Cindy grudgingly said “Every stepshe takes is so perfect and graceful.”Grudgingly – might be confused for admiringOther than resentment or ill will.Need Dictionary
    26. 26. Increase vocabularyReading using Context Clues•Most vocabulary words are learned fromcontext.•The more words youre exposed to, thebetter vocabulary you will have.Practice - Use it
    27. 27. Use it so you do not loose itMake AssociationsGargantuan (very large) Sentence (write word)- that involve strongemotionThe Gargantuan creature was going to rip me apart and eat me! Picture (Godzilla) Relate to familiar words (gigantic, huge)Look words up:http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Pronunciation: http://www.howjsay.com/
    28. 28. Context practice and ….English-Zone.Com has two simple practiceshttp://www.english-zone.com/vocab/vic01.htmlhttp://www.english-zone.com/vocab/vic02.htmlThis site practice if from introduction to advancedhttp://wps.ablongman.com/long_licklider_vocabulary_2/0,6658,416421-,00.htmlThis site tests range from sentence to words from aparagraphhttp://cwabacon.pearsoned.com/bookbind/pubbooks/seyler_ab/chapter1/deluxe.html
    29. 29. Vocabulary PracticeNumber2.coms online test preparationcourses are totally free! By creating anaccount you can access a customized coursewith practice sessions that dynamically adaptto each students ability levelMany practices on this one site for contextvocabularyhttp://www.sheppardsoftware.com/dynamic_multiple_choiceB2.htmlThis site is for vocabulary practice withcards and pronunciationhttp://www.sheppardsoftware.com/web_games_vocab_sat.htm
    30. 30. Apps The artificial intelligence in the Power Vocabapp is used to learn about your vocabularyskills and habits to then present you with theword lists and exercises you need to focuson. iPhone and it is FreeWords, words, words!The 2000+ words become moredifficult with each passing quiz. Audiois included to help with pronunciation.Mix things up with the unscramblegame! Android and it is Free
    31. 31. CreditsClip Art from Microsoft office: http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/Images in order of appearance from flickr users Phone Box Some rights reserved by ajehals phone Some rights reserved by tj scenes Phone_book Some rights reserved by How can I recycle this phone Some rights reserved by raindog808 Accident! Some rights reserved by Accretion Disc Circle of phones Some rights reserved by csaila Know No Phone Some rights reserved by Justin Marty
    32. 32. Credits Phone in a Cage, Tweeting Some rights reserved by SuziEdwards Phone Struck by Lightning Some rights reserved bydavid.nikonvscanon Phone blocks by By NathanReed Some rights reserved byNathanReed 182_8691 rainbow phone Some rights reserved by KatesPhoto Diary N70 Flash Lite 2.0 clock Some rights reserved by QiFei Street sign in Richmond Some rights reserved byMike_fleming Caution Tape Some rights reserved by Picture Perfect Pose
    33. 33. Credits Thisius , L. Text Structure Signal Questions & SignalWords retrieved fromessdack.org/files/Signal%20Word%20Chart.doc Using Context Clues with Text Signals purposely givento help the reader from clearkschools.net adapted fromJeff Zwiers book Building Reading ComprehensionHabits in Grades 6 – 12 retrieved fromhttp://www.docstoc.com/docs/23025942/Using-Context-Clues-With-Text-Signals
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