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Medieval Literature Notes Ii

Medieval Literature Notes Ii






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    Medieval Literature Notes Ii Medieval Literature Notes Ii Presentation Transcript

    • Objectives: Students will be able to..
      • identify historical events that changed the landscape of England and they will be able to explain how the literature of the time period reflects that
      • Analyze the effects of a feudal system and why the language of English developed the way it did and lasted throughout the ages
      • Define what a pilgrimage was in the Medieval times and compare it to modern pilgrimages
      • Identify specific ways that the language changed from Middle English to English
      • Define and apply characterization both indirect and direct
      • Apply the characteristics of Chaucer’s life and analyze it’s influence to his work Canterbury Tales
    • 1066 Norman Invasion
      • Normans invaded because William was angry that Harold was chosen to be King
      • “ GET OFF MY THRONE !”
    • Norman Invasion
      • WILLIAM defeats Harold
      • Normans controlled government and suppressed A.S. nobility and remade England on their terms by instituting feudalism.
    • Feudalism Feudalism: Exchange of property for personal service.
    • Plantagenets
      • Henry II came to the throne
      • Founded royal house and became one of England’s most ablest kings
      • Had problems with the church and appointed his friend, Thomas Beckett as Bishop of Canterbury, hoping that this would lessen the tension
      B. F.F.’s
    • Poor Thomas Beckett
      • Instead, Thomas Beckett sided with the Pope instead of the King on an issue
      • Henry’s soldiers misunderstood his wrath about this incident and killed Beckett.
    • Let’s make a pilgrimage
      • Henry quickly condemned the crime and tried to atone for it by making a pilgrimage to Beckett’s tomb
      • Pilgrimages to Beckett’s shrine became very common as a means of religious devotion
    • Think, Pair, Share
      • What sort of pilgrimages do people make today? With a partner come up with at least five places people make pilgrimages to and the reasons they make those journeys.
    • Medieval Literature
      • Medieval Drama: Church sponsored plays
      • Morality plays – depicted the lives of ordinary people
      • Mystery plays - retold stories from the Bible or saints
    • That is one great invention!
      • Johan Gutenberg perfect printing from movable type
      • Caxton set up the first printing press- England
      • One of Caxton’s first projects was printing of Geoffrey Chaucer’s work, in Middle English
    • Geoffrey Chaucer
      • Father was a merchant
      • Teenage years he entered an aristocratic household
      • Apprenticeship led to a career in which he served the nobility as a capable administrator
      • He was just below aristocracy gave him the best point to observe people
      • FUN FACTS:
      • “ Famous People Watcher”
    • Canterbury Tales
      • shows keen observation of people
      • Exchange of tales among pilgrims as they journey to the shrine of martyr Thomas Becket at Canterbury
    • Canterbury Tales continued…
      • Themes of love and knightly adventure dominated
      • He only completed 22 of the 120 tales
    • Cantebury Tales in Middle English
    • Let’s compare, with a partner write down words that are familiar
      • When in April the sweet showers fall, And pierce the drought of March to the root, and all the veins are bathed in liquor of such power, As brings about the engendering of a flower, When also Zephyrus with his sweet breath, Exhales an air in every grove and heath
      • Whan that Aprill with his shoures soote, The droghte of March hath perced to the roote, And bathed every veyne engendred is the flour; Whan Zephirus eek with his sweete breeth, Inspired hathin ever holt and heet …
    • Literary Terms to remember when reading Canterbury Prologue
      • Characterization - techniques of revealing character
      • Direct characterization - presents direct statements about a character, such as Chaucer’s statement that the Knight “followed chivalry,/Truth, honor”
      • Indirect characterization - uses actions, thoughts, and dialogue to reveal a character’s personality.
    • Characterize your partner!
      • As POLITELY as possible, let’s practice characterization!
      • Write down two examples of indirect characterization and direct characterization for your partner.
    • So what is Canterbury Tales about??
    • Websites used for images
      • http://famouspoetsandpoems.com/poets/geoffrey_chaucer/photo
      • http://www.arthursclipart.org/stories/storiesbw/page_01.htm
      • http://abcteach.com/directory/clip_art/history/